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AUDIO VISUAL AIDS

DEFINITION

Audio visual aids are those sensory


objects or images which initiate or
stimulate and reinforce learning
- Burton
Classification of
Visual Aids

1. Projected aids
2. Non Projected aids
Projected aids Non Projected aids
Graphic aids Display boards Dimension aids Audio aids Activity aids

Film Cartoon Diagrams Radio Computer


Black board
assisted
Instruction
Bulletin board Models Recordings
Film strip Charts Demonstra
tions
Television
Dramatics
Operative Comics Mockups
projector Flannel board
Video tapes Experiment
Diagrams ation
Gramophone
Over head Flash Cards Magnetic board Objects Field trip
Projector Graphs
Sound Programmed
Maps
Puppets Distribution Instruction
Photographs
system
Slides Pictures specimen Teaching
PED board
Posters machines
PRINCIPLES
• The instructional programme should be so organized and
administered that AV materials function as an integral
part of the educational program
• An AV educational program should be organized and
administered in such a way that the program is centralized
and under specialized direction and leadership
• An AV educational program should be flexible
• An advisory committee should be appointed to assist in
selection and coordination of AV materials
PRINCIPLES
• AV materials should be available where they are needed
• AV materials should be centrally located
• Provision should be made for helping instructors to
acquire skill in the use of AV materials
• Budget appropriations should be made regularly for the
AV educational program
• Evaluation of the AV educational program should be
made at regular intervals
• Legal aspects should be considered in the production and
the utilization of educational communication media
CARTOON

It is a metaphorical presentation of reality, it


makes learning interest and effective as it creates
a story appeal to the motors.
CHARTS

It is defined as illustrative visual media


of depicting a logical relationship between main
ideas and supporting facts.
Types
1. Narrative Chart
2. Chain Chart
3. Strip Tease Chart
4. pull Chart
5. FlowChart
6. Tabulation Chart
7. Tree chart
8. Flip Chart
Tree Chart

To show the development or growth or the


types in the form of a tree
Flip Chart

A set of chart related to a specific topic here


been tagged and has is a supporting stand.
Flow Chart

Diagrams used to show organization or


functional relationships
MAPS

Graphical representation of earth’s surface or


portions of it are turned as Maps
Graphs

It depicts numerical or quantitative


relationship or statistical data one presented in
the form of visual symbols
Types

1. Pie Graph
2. Bar Graph
3. Line Graph
4. Pictorial Graph
5. Histogram
6. Frequency Polygon
PIE GRAPH

The data are presented through the sectors or


portions of circle
BAR GRAPH

A graphic presentation which extends the


scale horizontally along the length of bars
TYPES
• Vertical
• Horizontal
• Simple Bar
• Compound Bar
• histogram
LINE GRAPH

The concepts are represented with the lines


drawn either horizontally or vertically
145
143.2
(4
O1
140.2
(4
140
O2
136.6
(6
Systolic Pressure (mmHg)

O3 134.6
(5
135
O4

130 Series1
127.6
(3
O5
125

120

115
Pre Test Post Test (Day- Post Test (Day- Post Test (Day- Post Test (Day-
1) 3) 5) 7)
Pre & Post Test

FIG. 5: MEAN SYSTOLIC PRESSURE VALUES BEFORE AND AFTER THE BENSON'S
RELAXATION THERAPY
HISTOGRAM
It is the graphical presentation of the
continuous frequency distribution
60
Series1
50
Series2
40 Series3
Series4
30
Series5
20 Series6
10 Series7
Series8
0
1
PHOTOGRAPHS

Exact visual recording of things which will


occur in real life situation.
POSTERS

Posters are the graphic aids with short,


quick and typical messages with attention
capturing
DISPLAY BOARDS
CHALK BOARD
A black board or chalkboard is a slightly
abrasive wilting surface made of wood, ply, hard
board, cement, ground, glass, asbestos slate,
plastic etc. with black, green or bluish green paint
on it
BULLTEIN BOARD

It is a simple device either indoor or


outdoor, kept in a suitable places it can provide a
suitable place for the display of all kinds of
creative works of the students
FLANNEL BOARD

The rigid material plywood covered with the


flannel cloth/felt sheet/wool/cotton/paper. The
item to be displayed pictures or drawing should
have flannel or sand paper pasted on reverse side.
Three Dimensional
Aids/Materials
• Models
• Specimen
• Mock up
• Moulage
• Objects
• Diorama
MODEL

Models are concrete objects to explain


clearly the structure or junctions of real things
TYPES
• Scale Model
• Simplified Model
• Working Model
• Cross sectional Model
SPECIMEN

Part of the real objects taken from the


natural setting. It is a simple that shows quality
or structure
Leaflet

Single sheet of paper folded to make a full


page of printed matter on single side
Pamphlets

Paper can be folded into two or three or five,


matter will be printed either single side or both
sides
Hand Out / Hand Bill

The briefing of a session in a single sheet


Flash cards

Small compact cards, which flashed


before the class to bring any idea
Newspaper

Health messages can be published in


local languages which can reach to the public
easily
PUPPETS
Hand Puppets
String Puppets
AUDIO AIDS

• Radio
• Tape recorder
• Television
• C.D Player
ACTIVITY AIDS
• Dramatization
• Computers
Computer is defined as an electronic
equipment which can store information and data
which can be retrieved from it as and when
required
–Desktop
–Laptop
TELESCOPE
PROJECTED AV AIDS
• Epidiascope
• Slide projector
• Over head projector
• Film Strip Projector
TYPES OF PROJECTION
DIRECT PROJECTION

Condenser Lens
Objective Lens
Lamp

Object
INDIRECT PROJECTION

Image
Lens Object
REFLECTED PROJECTION
EPIDIASCOPE

Is a visual aid commonly used in the


class room to project non transparent material as
well as transparent slides on to a screen
SLIDE PROJECTOR

A slide is a small piece of transparent


material on which a single pictorial image or scene
or graphic image has been photographed or
reproduce otherwise

Ex: Size - 2 X 2 Inch


OVERHEAD PROJECTOR

It projects transparencies with brilliant


screen images suitable for the use in a lighted room
Parts of OHP
MOVING PICTURES
Communicating through sound and sight
simultaneously, the moving picture blends picture, words,
objects, motion and even colour to make impact on the
children minds
-K.P.Neeraja
The viewer sees motion that can be recreated
by the use of Straight photography and special effects:
moving picture may transport the viewer in another world
-B.T.Basavsanthappa