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PART 1

BACKGROUND
• ENGLISH IS PLACED AS THE SECOND LANGUAGE IN MALAYSIA (GILL, 2002) AND IN LINE WITH THE
EDUCATION POLICY, ENGLISH IS TAUGHT AS A SECOND LANGUAGE AND ITS IMPORTANCE ARE GROWING
IN CONCERN.
• GARDNER AND LAMBERT (1972) HAVE CARRIED OUT DETAILED RESEARCH ON MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE
AND HOW THESE TWO VARIABLES CORRELATE WITH STUDENTS’ LANGUAGE PERFORMANCE. FROM THEIR
STUDY, THE FINDINGS SHOWED THAT L2 LEARNERS HAVE TO BE POSITIVE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF
ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATION TOWARDS THE LANGUAGE.
PROBLEM STATEMENT
• MOST OF YEAR 3 MELUR STUDENTS ARE CONSIDERED LOW PROFICIENCY IN THE
LANGUAGE.
• THERE ARE MANY FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO STUDENTS’ LOW PROFICIENCY IN
THE LANGUAGE. AMONG THE FACTORS ARE STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE IN
LEARNING THE LANGUAGE AND THERE ARE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE TWO FACTORS.
• AS AL TAMIMI (2009) PUTS IT “A LEARNER’S MOTIVATION IN LANGUAGE LEARNING IS
AFFECTED BY HIS/HER ATTITUDES TOWARDS LEARNING THE LANGUAGE”. (P30).
RATIONALE
• IT IS IMPORTANT FOR RESEARCHERS AND LANGUAGE TEACHERS TO UNDERSTAND THE
STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE AND MOTIVATION TOWARDS THE LANGUAGE LEARN SO THAT THEY
MIGHT HELP IN INCREASING THE ACQUISITION PROCESS OF THE LANGUAGE AND
CREATE MORE POSITIVE ATTITUDE WHILE INCREASING MOTIVATION LEVEL AMONG THE
STUDENTS.
PURPOSE OF STUDY

•THE STUDY IS DESIGNED TO EXAMINE PUPILS


MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDES TOWARD LEARNING
ENGLISH
RESEARCH QUESTION
• WHAT IS THE ATTITUDE OF PUPILS TOWARDS LEARNING ENGLISH AS
SECOND LANGUAGE?

• WHAT IS THE MOTIVATION LEVEL OF THE STUDENTS TOWARDS LEARNING


ENGLISH AS SECOND LANGUAGE?
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE
1.TO EXAMINE THE ATTITUDE OF YEAR 3 MELUR STUDENTS TOWARDS
LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

2.TO EXAMINE THE MOTIVATIONAL LEVEL OF YEAR 3 MELUR STUDENTS


TOWARDS LEARNING ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
PART 2
LITERATURE REVIEW
Related Studies
Article Author Findings
2014. Siti Sukainah Che Mat & Melor 1. The results indicate that students in rural areas have positive attitudes towards the
Attitudes and Motivation Towards Md. Yunus learning of English. They realize the importance of English and they have the desire to learn
Learning English Among FELDA
and improve their proficiency in the language.
School Students. Australian
Journal of Basic and Applied
2. Students were highly motivated to learn English, but they tend to labor minimal efforts in
Sciences 8(5): 1-8
their learning process.
Quantitative research
3. Malaysian students are more extrinsically motivated than intrinsically motivated.

2014. Hussein Islam Abdullah & 1. The study shows that instrumental motivation is the primary source of motivation among
Motivation and Attitudes towards Parilah Mohd Shah the three to trigger the students towards learning the language.
Learning English among
Undergraduates in National 2. The results clearly showed positive attitudes towards the use of English in education,
University of Malaysia (UKM).
social and culture.
International Journal of English
and Education.
3. The research showed that UKM undergraduates’ motivation and attitudes towards learning
3(4): 209-227
the English language is positive overall.
Quantitative research
Related Studies
Article Author Findings

Attitudes towards Farah Zulkefly Jason and Jonathan are form 2 students (ii..ee..,, similar to grade 9)) are 14 -
learning English as a (2017) year old students.. come from middle - class family background,, and both
Second Language have been residing in Sentosa for a long period of time.. Jason’s father
(EESL)):: the case of paints cars for a living while Jonathan’s father,, just like Devi’s,, is a
students in a rural security guard.. Both Jason ’ss and Jonathan’s mothers are not employed..
secondary school in Jason , in one hand,, shows positive attitude in learning the language while
Malaysia Jonathan , on the other,, does not..

Qualitative research
KRASHEN'S SECOND- Elizabeth Taylor 1. Central to Krashen's theory of second-language acquisition is his
LANGUAGE Tricomi distinction between language acquisition and language learning
ACQUISITION THEORY
2. Adapting Krashen theory to language learning in term of motivation
AND THE TEACHING OF
and attitudes towards language.
EDITED AMERICAN
ENGLISH

Conceptual paper
PART 3
DESIGN
•THE STUDY EMPLOYED THE SURVEY METHOD .
THE QUANTITATIVE TECHNIQUE WAS EMPLOYED
THROUGH THE USE OF THE QUESTIONNAIRES TO
THE STUDENTS.
SITE

•THIS STUDY IS EXECUTED AT SK JALAN DATUK


PALEMBANG, MELAKA
•THIS IS CONSIDERED AS URBAN SCHOOL
SUBJECTS

•CONVENIENCE SAMPLING
•THE TARGET SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY IS YEAR 3 PUPILS;
3 MELUR. (9 YEARS OLD)
•THEY COMPRISED OF 10 BOYS 25 GIRLS
INSTRUMENTS

•ADOPTED AND ADAPTED FROM HUSSEIN ISLAM


ABDULLAH (2014) FOR SECTION B & SECTION C
INSTRUMENTS
•3 PARTS
•SEC A: PERSONAL DETAILS
• GENDER, RACE, LANGUAGE USED AT HOME
•SEC B: ATTITUDES TOWARDS LEARNING ENGLISH (5 ITEMS)
•SEC C: MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING ENGLISH(5 ITEMS)
DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE
•TEACHER ENTERS THE CLASS AND GIVES SHORT AND BRIEF
EXPLANATION ON THE SURVEY
•QUESTIONNAIRES WILL BE DISTRIBUTED TO THE STUDENTS .
•TEACHER CONDUCTS SURVEY IN 45 MINUTES
•TEACHER COLLECTS THE SURVEY AND ANALYZE
DATA ANALYSIS
• DATA ANALYSIS BEGAN AS SOON AS THE QUESTIONNAIRES WERE
RETURNED.
• THE QUANTITATIVE DATA OF THE QUESTIONNAIRES WERE ANALYZED USING
STATISTICAL PACKAGE SOCIAL SCIENCE (SPSS) THAT INVOLVES
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS WHICH INCLUDE FREQUENCIES, AND
PERCENTAGES DATA WILL BE ANALYZE BASED ON FREQUENCY
REFERENCES