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MATHEMATICS

MATHEMATICS

• Purpose: PSSA Review for 8th Grade Mathematics

(Can be used as enrichment or remediation for middle school

levels)

solutions.

Fill-in-the-blank, Multiple Choice, Short & Extended Response

Grade Mathematics

PA Assessment Anchor Glossary for 7th & 8th Grade Mathematics

PDE Standard Aligned Systems Online Resources

McGraw Hill Pre-Algebra & Algebra I 2012 Series

Holt McDougal 8th Grade Mathematics 2012 Series

• Reinforcement: www.studyisland.com

http://www.ixl.com/math/grades

www.mathmaster.org

INSTRUCTIONS

Measurement, Geometry, Algebraic Concepts, Data Analysis &

Probability.

Each category has a two page vocabulary (fill-in-the-blank) review,

followed by multiple choice, short response, and extended response

exercises that are aligned with each of the Assessment Anchor

subcategories.

Navigate through the review as you would a regular PowerPoint slide

show.

Fill-in-the-blank answers will appear, in order, at the click of a mouse.

Exercise answers will also appear at the click of a mouse.

Use the reference symbol to access the 8th Grade Formula Sheet if

needed.

Use the symbol found on the Formula Sheet to return to your

previous slide.

PLEASE BEGIN!! 3

Numbers & Operations

Vocabulary Review

1. The product of a number and its __________

Reciprocal is 1.

Rational

number

3. ________________

Scientific notation is a short-hand way of writing extremely large or

extremely small numbers.

Real numbers is the set of all rational and irrational

numbers.

Perfect square

Word Bank:

Rational number

Scientific notation 4

Order of Operations

Numbers & Operations

Vocabulary Review

Expanded

6. A number written as the sum of values of its digits is called _________.

form

7. A number that is multiplied by itself to form a product is called a

___________

Square root of that product.

8. A(n) __________

Unit price is used to compare price per item.

Order of Operations

known as __________________.

10.A ___________

Proportion is an equation showing that two ratios are equal.

Word Bank:

Rational number

Scientific notation 5

Order of Operations

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Representing Numbers in equivalent forms.

93,000,000 miles from the 4.5 x 104 written in

sun. What is the distance standard notation?

written in scientific

notation?

B. 93 x 106 B. 0.000045

C. 93 x 107 C. 45,000

D. 9.3 x 107 D. 450,000

6

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Representing Numbers in equivalent forms.

Expanded Notation

A. (8x107)+(6x106)+(4x103)+(2x102)+(5x101)

B. (8x10)+(6x10)+(4x10)+(2x10)+(5x10)

C. (8x106)+(6x105)+(4x104)+(2x103)+(5x102)

D. (8x106)+(6x103)+(4x102)+(2x101)+(5x100)

7

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Representing Numbers in equivalent forms.

Square Root

calculator and pressed the (√) key. Which of the following

statements is the most likely explanation for her to believe that her

calculator’s answer is or not reasonable?

number.

B. It is reasonable because 3 squared is 9 while 4 squared is 16.

C. It is not reasonable, because the answer should be only slightly

more than 3.

D. It is reasonable, because 15 is and odd number.

8

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Completing calculations by applying the order of operations.

Order of Operations

3³ + 4(8-5) ÷ 6 = Evaluate

7 + 5[(3 + 2)² - (2³ + 1)]

A. 97

A. 6.5

B. 87

B. 11

C. 36

C. 29

D. 22

D. 27.5

9

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Completing calculations by applying the order of operations.

Order of Operations

Karen is solving this Which statement is

problem. correct?

(3² + 4²)² = ?

A. (2 x 3) + 5 ÷ 8 = 2

Which step is correct in the B. (2 x 3 + 5) ÷ 8 = 2

process of solving this C. 2 x (3 + 5) ÷ 8 = 2

problem? D. (2 x 3) + 5 ÷ 8 = 2

A. (3² + 4⁴)

B. (9² + 16²)

C. (7²)²

D. (9 + 16)² 10

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Represent or solve problems using rates, ratios, proportions

and/or percents.

Rates Ratios

words per minute. How much Trason, set a world record by

time will she need to type a running 100km in

4200-word report? Hours Minutes Seconds

7 50 09

B. 1 hour 4 minutes average speed?

C. 1 hour 28 minutes

D. 1 hour 15 minutes A. 12 km per hr

B. 14 km per hr

C. 16 km per hr

D. 18 km per hr

11

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Represent or solve problems using rates, ratios, proportions

and/or percents.

Proportions

(Short Response)

Julio’s wages vary directly as the number of hours that he works. If

his wages for 5 hours are $29.75, how much will he earn for 30

hours?

Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] $178.50, and appropriate work is shown, such as solving a

proportion, using a table, or trial and error with at least three trials and

appropriate checks.

*[1 point] An incorrect proportion is set up, but no solution or an incorrect

solution is found.

*[1 point] $178.50, but no work is shown or fewer than three trials with

appropriate checks are shown.

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is

a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

13

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Represent or solve problems using rates, ratios, proportions

and/or percents. Distance & Rates

(Short Response)

Bob and Rebecca both drove to a baseball game at a college stadium.

Bob lives 70 miles from the stadium and Rebecca lives 60 miles from it,

as shown in the accompanying diagram. Bob drove at a rate of 50 miles

per hour, and Rebecca drove at a rate of 40 miles per hour. If they both

left home at the same time, who got to the stadium first?

70 miles

Bob’s House

60 miles

Scoring Rubric: Rebecca’s House

**[2 points] Bob, and appropriate work is shown, such as using the distance formula to

calculate the two travel times or setting up a proportion.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but one computational or conceptual error is made but

an appropriate answer is found.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but no answer or an incorrect answer is found.

[0 points] Bob, but no work or inappropriate work is shown.

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is a correct

response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure. 14

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Using estimation strategies in problem-solving situations.

Estimation

Ken bought a used car for The state law requires that

$5,375. He had to pay an students attend school 180

additional 15 percent of the days out of the 365 days in a

purchase price to cover both year. Approximately what

sales tax and extra fees. Of percent of a year must

the following, which is the students attend school?

closest to the total amount

Ken paid?

A. 2%

B. 50%

A. $806 C. 75%

B. $5,510 D. 200%

C. $5,760

D. $6,180

15

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Computing and/ or explaining operations with integers,

fractions and/ or decimals.

Fractions

A grocery store sells brown sugar by the pound. The table below

shows how many cups of sugar a customer will get for the number

of pounds purchased.

Number of Pounds Number of Cups

3 7

4 9 1/3

5 11 2/3

6 14

sugar in a 7-pound package?

A. 15 2/3

B. 16 1/3

C. 16 2/3

D. 17 1/3

16

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Computing and/ or explaining operations with integers,

fractions and/ or decimals.

Fractions Decimals

14 5/8 3

- 6 3/8 0.24

A. 8 3/8 A. 0.08

B. 7 2/8 B. 8.0

C. 8 1/4 C. 0.72

D. 9 D. 12.5

17

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Computing and/ or explaining operations with integers,

fractions and/ or decimals.

Solve: Solve:

27 – (-9) -4 + 23

A. -3 A. -19

B. -18 B. 19

C. 18 C. 20

D. 36 D. -27

18

Numbers & Operations

Practice…

Calculating mean.

Average

(Short Response)

TOP Electronics is a small business with five employees. The mean

(average) weekly salary for the five employees is $360. If the

weekly salaries of four of the employees are $340, $340, $345, and

$425, what is the salary of the fifth employee?

Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] $350, and appropriate work is shown, such as (1450 +x) ÷ 5 = 360,

or trial and error with at least trials and appropriate checks.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but one computational error is made

*[1 point] The total of the five salaries is shown to be 5 · 360 = 1800, but no

further correct work is shown.

*[1 point] $350, but no work is shown or fewer than three trials with appropriate

checks are shown.

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is

a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

19

Measurement

Vocabulary Review

Surface area is the sum of the areas of all the faces of a 3-D figure.

1. ____________

___________________

angles is equal to 180°.

3. A _______

Net is a 2-D shape that can be folded to create a 3-D figure.

4. A 3-D solid that has two congruent and parallel faces is known as a

_______.

Prism

Complementary angles is equal to 90°.

Word Bank:

Net

Circumference 20

Prism

Measurement

Vocabulary Review

Interior angle is an angle inside of a shape.

6. A(n) _____________

7. A (n) _________

Polygon is a closed plane figure formed by three or more line

segments that intersect only at their endpoints (vertices).

________.

Volume

9. ______________

10.A ________

Formula is a rule showing relationships among quantities.

Word Bank:

Net

Circumference 21

Prism

Measurement

Practice…

Converting measurements.

miles? How many meters is that?

A. 352 A. 0.500

B. 35,200 B. 1.5

C. 79,200 C. 15

D. 89,760 D. 15,000

22

Measurement

Practice…

Determining the measurement of a missing side(s) or angle(s)

in a polygon.

Missing Angles

In a quadrilateral, each of two Find the measure in degrees,

angles has a measure of of the smallest angle in this

115°. If the measure of a third triangle:

angle is 70°, what is the

measure of the remaining

angle? 3x

A. 60°

A. 20

B. 70°

B. 40 2x 4x

C. 130°

C. 60

D. 140°

D. 80

24

Measurement

Practice…

Determining the measurement of a missing side(s) or angle(s)

in a polygon.

Missing Angles

(Short Response)

In the accompanying diagram of ∆BCD, m<C=70, m<CDE=130, and

side BD is extended to A and to E. Find m<CBA.

C

70°

130°

A B D E

Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] 120, and appropriate work is shown, such as m<CDB= 180 – 130 = 50

and m<CBA = 70 + 50 = 120 or correctly labeled angles in a diagram.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is show, but one computational error is made.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is show, but one conceptual error is made.

*[1 point] m<CBD = 60 is found, but no further correct work is shown.

*[1 point] 120, but no work is shown

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is a

correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

26

Measurement

Practice…

Determining the measurement of a missing side(s) or angle(s)

in a polygon.

Missing Sides

The length of each side of a The interior angles of a sign

figure below is 4 inches (in.). total 1080°. What type of

polygon is the sign?

A. Hexagon

4 in.

B. Pentagon

What is the perimeter of the figure? C. Heptagon

D. Octagon

A. 12 in.

B. 16 in.

C. 20 in.

D. 24 in.

27

Measurement

Practice…

Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,

surface area and/ or volume.

Scaling Area

A farmer has a rectangular field that measures 100 feet by 150 feet. He

plans to increase the area of the field by 20%. He will do this by

increasing the length and width by the same amount, x. Which equation

represents the area of the new field?

B. 2(100 + x) + 2(150 + x) = 15,000

C. (100 + x)(150 + x) = 18,000

D. (100 + x)(150 + x) = 15,000

29

Measurement

Practice…

Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,

surface area and/ or volume.

The box pictured below is open The volume of the rectangular

at the top. Find its outside solid below is 1,440 cubic

surface area. inches.

20 cm 3 in

15 cm

10 cm

What could be the length and

A. 45 cm² width of this rectangular solid?

B. 1150 cm²

C. 1300 cm² A. 4 inches by 10 inches

D. 3750 cm² B. 8 inches by 20 inches

C. 10 inches by 48 inches

D. 30 inches by 40 inches

30

Measurement

Practice…

Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,

surface area and/ or volume.

Perimeter Circumference

Delroy’s sailboat has two sails The circumference of a circle

that are similar triangles. The is 16∏. What is the radius of

larger sail has sides of 10 feet, the circle?

24 feet, and 26 feet. If the

shortest side of the smaller sail A. 4

measures 6 feet, what is the

B. 8

perimeter of the smaller sail?

C. 16

D. 32

A. 15 ft

B. 36 ft

C. 60 ft

D. 100 ft

32

Measurement

Practice…

Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,

surface area and/ or volume.

Perimeter Area

How does the perimeter of a If the diameter of a car tire is

rectangle change when each 30 cm, what is the area of

side is increased by 2 units that circle? Round your

answer.

A. The perimeter doubles

B. The perimeter quadruples

C. The perimeter increases by 4

units

D. The perimeter increases by 8 A. 30.14 cm²

units B. 314 cm²

C. 7,070 cm²

D. 707 cm²

34

Geometry

Vocabulary Review

1. When a transversal intersects two lines, Corresponding

___________________

angles are

on the same side of the transversal and on the same side of the given

lines. (Also, similar or congruent figures.)

2. A(n) _________________

Isosceles triangle has exactly two congruent sides.

3. The ____________________

Pythagorean Theorem is a formula for finding the length of a

side of a right triangle when the lengths of two sides are given.

4. A pair of ________________

Alternate exterior angles are located outside a set of

parallel lines and on opposite sides of the transversal.

are called _____________.

Vertical angles

Word Bank:

Isosceles triangle

Adjacent angles 36

Coordinate plane

Geometry

Vocabulary Review

Scalene triangle has no congruent sides.

6. A(n) _______________

7. A (n) ____________

Acute triangle has each angle measuring less than 90°.

8. A pair of _______________

Alternate interior angles are located between a set of

parallel lines and on opposite sides of the transversal.

9. A ________________

Coordinate plane is a 2-D system which contains both horizontal

and vertical axes.

10._______________

Adjacent angles share a common side and common vertex and do

not overlap.

Word Bank:

Isosceles triangle

Adjacent angles 37

Coordinate plane

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Circular Geometry

A duck swims from the edge of a circular pond to a fountain in

the center of the pond. Its path is represented by the dotted line

in the diagram below.

Duck’s Path

A. Chord

B. Radius

C. Diameter

D. Central angle

38

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Parallelograms Prisms

is 13.5 feet. The base is four rectangular prism with a

times the height. What is the length of 16 inches, a height

area of the parallelogram? or 4 inches, and a width of 12

inches?

A. 45.5625 ft²

B. 54 ft² A. 48 in.³

C. 182.25 ft² B. 768 in.³

D. 729 ft² C. 1810 in.³

D. 2413 in.³

39

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Parallelograms

(Short Response)

Is it possible for two parallelograms to have the same area but not

be congruent? Explain why or why not.

Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] Yes, two parallelograms can have the same area but not be congruent.

Let one parallelogram have a base of 6 units and a height of 4 units. Its area is 24

square units. Let another parallelogram have a base of 8 units and a height of 3

units. Its area is also 24 units, but the two parallelograms are not congruent.

*[1 point] Yes, two parallelograms can have the same area but not be congruent. No

explanation or example is given.

*[1 point] Yes, two parallelograms can have the same area but not be congruent. A

poor or incorrect explanation is given.

correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

41

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Angles

Which angles are The ratio of two

complementary? supplementary angles is 2:7.

What is the measure of the

2

smaller angle?

1 3

5 4

A. 10°

A. <2 and <3 B. 14°

B. <3 and <4 C. 20°

C. <4 and <5 D. 40°

D. <1 and <2

42

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Net

Which of the following figures is the net of a square based pyramid?

A. 1 C. 3

B. 2 D. 4

43

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Regular Polygons

(Extended Response)

The top of the picnic table shown

has the shape of a regular polygon.

a. Sketch and classify the polygon. Is it

convex or concave?

b. Draw a single segment that divides

the polygon in your sketch into two

trapezoids.

c. Find the sum of the measures of the

angles of the polygon.

Solution:

a–b. The polygon is a regular hexagon. It is convex.

The sum of the measures of the angles of the polygon is 720°.

44

Practice… Geometry

triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,

spheres, cones and/or cylinders.

Angles & Lines

Line p is parallel to line k in the In the diagram below, line l

figure shown below is parallel to line m and line

p k p is parallel to line q?

m 2 1

p

3

4 5

j q

l m

Which statement about the lines in Which angle has the same

the figure is true? measure as <1?

A. Line k is parallel to line m. A. <2

B. Line m is parallel to line j. B. <3

C. Line p is perpendicular to line k. C. <4

D. Line j is perpendicular to line p. D. <5

46

Geometry

Practice…

Computing measures of sides of right triangles using the

Pythagorean Theorem.

Pythagorean Theorem

Mr. Kyle drives eight miles What is the length of the

south and then six miles missing side in this triangle?

east. What was the

diagonal distance from his

starting point? 20

12

A. 2 miles

B. 10 miles x

A. 14

C. 14 miles B. 15

D. 48 miles C. 16

D. 18

47

Geometry

Practice…

Plot and/or identify ordered pairs on a coordinate plane.

Coordinate System

Which building is located at At what point does the line

(-2, 3)? intersect the y-axis?

Library Market

School

Bank

A. School A. (5, 0)

B. Library B. (0, 5)

C. Market C. (0,-3)

D. Bank D. (-3, 0)

49

Algebraic Concepts

Vocabulary Review

1. A ______________

Linear equationis an equation whose graph in a coordinate plane is

a straight line.

2. _____________

Absolute valueis the distance of a number from zero on a number line;

shown by | |.

3. A(n) __________________

System of equations is a group of two or more equations that

contain two or more variables.

____________.

Expression

5. A relationship that has exactly one output for each input is called a

________.

Function

Word Bank:

Function

Function table 50

System of equations

Algebraic Concepts

Vocabulary Review

6. An _________

Inequality shows the relationship between quantities that are not

equal.

Equation

________.

8. ______

Terms in an expression are set apart by plus or minus signs.

_____________.

Function table

10._________________

Inverse operations undo each other; addition and subtraction,

multiplication and division.

Word Bank:

Function

Function table 51

System of equations

Algebraic Concepts

Practice…

Analyzing, extending or developing descriptions of patterns or

functions.

Patterns

Fiona created a pattern List the next two values in

using numbers as shown this sequence:

below.

0, 2, 6, 12 4, 10, 22, __, __

The pattern continues. What is

the next number in the A. 34, 46

pattern?

B. 34, 48

C. 40, 62

A. 14

D. 46, 94

B. 18

C. 20

D. 24

52

Algebraic Concepts

Practice…

Analyzing, extending or developing descriptions of patterns or

functions.

Functions

What is the solution of The table below shows a

x > -3?. relationship between the

values of x and y.

3

x y

A. x < -1 -7 -10

-2 -5

B. x > -1

3 0

C. x < -9

8 5

D. x > -9

Which equation describes the

relationship?

A. y = x – 3

B. y = x +3

C. y = -x -3

D. y = -x +3

53

Practice… Algebraic Concepts

an equation or inequality and/ or check the solution for

accuracy.

Solving Equations

Dora owns a card store. In which equation is m = 28

After a full week, she made the solution?

$250.00 by selling cards (c).

Using the equation A. m – 3 = 5

1.25c = 250, how many 5

cards did Dora sell that

B. m – 3 = 5

week?

5

C. m – 3 = 5

A. 125

5

B. 200

D. (m – 3)5 = 5

C. 251

D. 312

54

Practice… Algebraic Concepts

solve an equation or inequality and/ or check the solution for

accuracy.

Expressions Inequalities

number, how many different account. He deposits $200 into the

values can the expression account each month. Dave needs

k + 6 have? at least $700 to buy a used car.

The inequality below can be solved

A. One for x to find the number of deposits

Dave must make to reach his goal.

B. Six

200x + 150 ≥ 700

C. Seven

How many deposits must Dave make?

D. Infinitely many

A. x ≥ 2.75

B. x ≤ 2.75

C. x ≥ 4.25

D. x ≤ 4.25

55

Practice… Algebraic Concepts

solve an equation or inequality and/ or check the solution for

accuracy.

Checking for Accuracy

(Short Response)

Brett was given the problem: “Evaluate 2x² + 5 when x = 3.” Brett wrote

that the answer was 41. Was Brett correct? Explain your answer.

Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] No, and an appropriate explanation is given or the expression is

evaluated correctly.

*[1 point] No, and the correct order of operations is used to evaluate 2(3)² + 5,

but one computational error is made.

*[1 point] One conceptual error is made in evaluating the expression, but the

question is answered appropriately.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but the question is not answered.

[0 points] No, but no explanation or an inappropriate explanation is given.

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is

a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

56

Algebraic Concepts

Practice…

Creating and/ or interpreting expressions, equations or

inequalities that model problem situations.

Inequalities Expressions

more than the amount (a) of 4 times the sum of x squared

money he has plus another and 6?

$1,000, he will have at least

$16,000 to start a small A. 4x² + 6

business. Which statement

B. 4(x² + 6)

represents this situation?

C. 4(x + 6)²

D. (4x + 6)²

A. 5a + 1,000 ≥ 16,000

B. 5 + 1,000a ≤ 16,000

C. 5a +1,000 ≤ 16,000

D. 5 + 1,000a ≥ 16,000

57

Algebraic Concepts

Practice…

Creating and/ or interpreting expressions, equations or

inequalities that model problem situations.

Creating Equations

inside weighs 4.2 kilograms. the sum of x and 2 is twice

The box weighs 0.6 kg when as much as 6?

empty. Using w to represent

the weight of one DVD, which A. x=2·2·6

of the following describes this

B. x + 2 · 2 =6

situation?

C. 2(x +2) = 6

D. x+2=2·6

A. 8w = 4.2

B. 8w + 0.6 = 4.2

C. 8w – 0.6 = 4.2

D. 8(w + 0.6) = 4.2

58

Algebraic Concepts

Practice…

Represent relationships with tables or graphs on the

coordinate plane.

Functions Tables

Given the function y = ½x -2, Which linear function is

which set of numbers graphed below?

completes the table?

x y

-4

-2

0

A. {4, 3, 2}

B. {-4, -3, -2}

C. {-4, 3, 2} A. y=x+3

D. {4, -3, -2} B. y² = 3x

C. y=3

D. x=3

59

Data Analysis & Probability

Vocabulary Review

Correlation describes the relationship between two sets of data.

1. ___________

extremes of data is known as a(n) ____________________.

Box-and-whisker plot

3. A(n) Permutation

___________ is a possible order or arrangement of a set of items.

4. A statement of _____________________

Experimental probability is based on the results of a

series of trials.

5. Two events that cannot occur at the same time are known as

_______________________.

Mutually exclusive events

Word Bank:

Compound event

Stem-and-leaf plot 60

Theoretical probability

Data Analysis & Probability

Vocabulary Review

6. Theoretical

___________________

probability is a statement of the probability of an event

without doing an experiment or analyzing.

7. A Compound

_______________

event is made up of two or more simple events.

8. Two events in which the outcome of one event does not affect the

outcome of the other event are known as _________________.

Independent events

variables is called a ___________.

Scatter plot

10.A(n) ________________

Stem-and-leaf plot displays groups of data arranged by place

value.

Word Bank:

Compound event

Stem-and-leaf plot 61

Theoretical probability

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Choosing, displaying or interpreting data.

According to the graph, what The table below shows test

percent of the students chose scores for a class. How

generic brands? many students scored in the

Favorite Sneakers at

80’s?

Sherman High School

Stem Leaf

9 0 1 1 5 7

8 0 0 2 4 6 7 9

Generic brands; 15.00% Brand A; 8.00%

Brand B; 5.00% 7 7 7 8 9

Brand C; 15.00%

6 9

Brand E; 27.00%

5 2 3

Brand D; 30.00% 4 4

A. 15% A. 2 students

B. 14% B. 6 students

C. 17% C. 7 students

D. 16% D. 9 students 62

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Choosing, displaying or interpreting data.

Interpreting Data

The test scores for 10 students in Ms. Sampson’s homeroom were

61, 81, 83, 87, 88, 89, 90, 98, and 100. Which frequency table is

accurate for this set of data?

A. 1) C. 3)

61-70 2 61-70 2

71-80 2 71-80 0

81-90 7 81-90 8

91-100 10 91-100 10

B. 2) Interval D. 4)

Frequency Interval Frequency

61-70 2 61-70 2

71-80 2 71-80 0

81-90 8 81-90 6

91-100 10 91-100 2

63

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Calculating the probability of an event.

Probability

boys in a mathematics class. and 4 green. There are

If a student is selected at calculators inside 4 of the red

random to run an errand, packages and inside 2 of the

what is the probability that a green packages. What is the

boy will be selected? probability of choosing a

package containing a

calculator from the entire

A. 4/26

group of packages?

B. 11/26

C. 15/26

A. 4/5

D. 11/15

B. 2/3

C. 1/2

D. 4/9

64

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Calculating the probability of an event.

Probability

While watching a game at a carnival where participants guess

which of three cups is covering a ball, Jeremy tallies that

following results.

Ball Location left middl right

e

Frequency 16 18 33

Find the experimental probability of the following as a fraction in its

simplest form AND an approximate percentage.

a. Find the experimental probability of the ball being under the right

cup.

33 or about 50%

67

b. Find the experimental probability of the ball not being under the

middle cup.

49 or about 73%

67

65

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Determining the number of combinations and/ or permutations

for an event.

Combination Permutation

soccer league that has 8 simulation using a coin, a

teams. Each team will play all number cube, and a spinner

of the other teams twice. How as shown below.

many games will be played in

all?

B. 28 for this simulation?

C. 56

D. 64 A. 3

B. 8

C. 12

D. 48

66

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Determining the number of combinations and/ or permutations

for an event.

Combinations

(Short Response)

In Jackson County, Wyoming, license plates are made with two letters

(A through Z) followed by three digits (0 through 9). The plates are made

according to the following restrictions:

• the first letter must be J or W, and the second letter can be any of the 26 letters of the

alphabet

• no digit can be repeated

How many different license plates can be made with these restrictions?

Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] 37,440 and appropriate work is shown, such as 2 x 26 x 10 x 9 x 8 or

2P1 x 26P1 x 10P3.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is show, but one computational error is made.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown for at least one restriction, such as 2x26 or

10 x 9 x 8.

*[1 point] 37,440 but no work is shown.

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is

a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

67

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Drawing conclusions, making inferences and/ or evaluate

hypotheses based on statistical and data displays.

bulbs, 100 were selected at scatter plot below can be

random and tested. If 5 of the described as having…

light bulbs in the sample were

found to be defective, about

how many defective light

bulbs would be expected in

the entire bunch?

A. 15

B. 60 A. Positive correlation

C. 150 B. Negative correlation

D. 300 C. No correlation

D. Both positive and negative

correlation 68

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Drawing conclusions, making inferences and/ or evaluate

hypotheses based on statistical and data displays.

find homes for 40 dogs and negative correlation?

60 cats. If 15% of the dogs

are female and 25% of the A. A person’s eye color and

cats are female, what percent height

of the animals are female?

B. A person’s height and weight

C. The distance traveled and

A. 21% the time it takes to travel

B. 22% D. The outdoor temperature and

C. 40% the number of hours a heater

D. 42% is used

69

Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…

Drawing conclusions, making inferences and/ or evaluate

hypotheses based on statistical and data displays.

Drawing Conclusions

John left his home and walked 3 blocks to his school, as shown in

the accompanying graph.

3 D

B C

2

1 A

Time

What is one possible interpretation of the section of the graph from

point B to point C?

A. John reached the top of a hill and began walking on level ground.

B. John waited before crossing a busy street.

C. John arrived at school and stayed throughout the day.

D. John returned home to get his mathematics homework. 70

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