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8TH GRADE COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW

MATHEMATICS

Created by: Jessie Minor


MATHEMATICS
• Purpose: PSSA Review for 8th Grade Mathematics
(Can be used as enrichment or remediation for middle school
levels)

• Contents: Concept vocabulary & practice exercises/


solutions.
Fill-in-the-blank, Multiple Choice, Short & Extended Response

• Sources: PA Assessment Anchors & Eligible Content for 8 th


Grade Mathematics
PA Assessment Anchor Glossary for 7th & 8th Grade Mathematics
PDE Standard Aligned Systems Online Resources
McGraw Hill Pre-Algebra & Algebra I 2012 Series
Holt McDougal 8th Grade Mathematics 2012 Series

• Reinforcement: www.studyisland.com
http://www.ixl.com/math/grades
www.mathmaster.org
INSTRUCTIONS

 There are five categories tested; Numbers & Operations,


Measurement, Geometry, Algebraic Concepts, Data Analysis &
Probability.
 Each category has a two page vocabulary (fill-in-the-blank) review,
followed by multiple choice, short response, and extended response
exercises that are aligned with each of the Assessment Anchor
subcategories.
 Navigate through the review as you would a regular PowerPoint slide
show.
 Fill-in-the-blank answers will appear, in order, at the click of a mouse.
 Exercise answers will also appear at the click of a mouse.
 Use the reference symbol to access the 8th Grade Formula Sheet if
needed.
 Use the symbol found on the Formula Sheet to return to your
previous slide.

PLEASE BEGIN!!  3
Numbers & Operations
Vocabulary Review
1. The product of a number and its __________
Reciprocal is 1.

2. Any number that can be written as a fraction is called a _________.


Rational
number
3. ________________
Scientific notation is a short-hand way of writing extremely large or
extremely small numbers.

4. The set of ____________


Real numbers is the set of all rational and irrational
numbers.

5. The product of an integer multiplied by itself is called a _____________.


Perfect square

Word Bank:
Rational number
Scientific notation 4
Order of Operations
Numbers & Operations
Vocabulary Review
Expanded
6. A number written as the sum of values of its digits is called _________.
form
7. A number that is multiplied by itself to form a product is called a
___________
Square root of that product.

8. A(n) __________
Unit price is used to compare price per item.

9. Rules describing what sequence to use in evaluating expressions is


Order of Operations
known as __________________.

10.A ___________
Proportion is an equation showing that two ratios are equal.

Word Bank:
Rational number
Scientific notation 5
Order of Operations
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Representing Numbers in equivalent forms.

Scientific Notation Exponential Form

 The Earth is approximately  Which number represents


93,000,000 miles from the 4.5 x 104 written in
sun. What is the distance standard notation?
written in scientific
notation?

A. 9.3 x 106 A. 0.00045


B. 93 x 106 B. 0.000045
C. 93 x 107 C. 45,000
D. 9.3 x 107 D. 450,000

6
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Representing Numbers in equivalent forms.

Expanded Notation

 Which expression is equivalent to the number 8,006,425?

A. (8x107)+(6x106)+(4x103)+(2x102)+(5x101)
B. (8x10)+(6x10)+(4x10)+(2x10)+(5x10)
C. (8x106)+(6x105)+(4x104)+(2x103)+(5x102)
D. (8x106)+(6x103)+(4x102)+(2x101)+(5x100)

7
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Representing Numbers in equivalent forms.

Square Root

 LeAnn got an answer of about 3.87 when she entered 15 on her


calculator and pressed the (√) key. Which of the following
statements is the most likely explanation for her to believe that her
calculator’s answer is or not reasonable?

A. It is not reasonable, because the answer should be a whole


number.
B. It is reasonable because 3 squared is 9 while 4 squared is 16.
C. It is not reasonable, because the answer should be only slightly
more than 3.
D. It is reasonable, because 15 is and odd number.

8
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Completing calculations by applying the order of operations.

Order of Operations

 3³ + 4(8-5) ÷ 6 =  Evaluate
7 + 5[(3 + 2)² - (2³ + 1)]

A. 97
A. 6.5
B. 87
B. 11
C. 36
C. 29
D. 22
D. 27.5

9
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Completing calculations by applying the order of operations.

Order of Operations
 Karen is solving this  Which statement is
problem. correct?
(3² + 4²)² = ?
A. (2 x 3) + 5 ÷ 8 = 2
Which step is correct in the B. (2 x 3 + 5) ÷ 8 = 2
process of solving this C. 2 x (3 + 5) ÷ 8 = 2
problem? D. (2 x 3) + 5 ÷ 8 = 2

A. (3² + 4⁴)
B. (9² + 16²)
C. (7²)²
D. (9 + 16)² 10
Numbers & Operations
Practice…
Represent or solve problems using rates, ratios, proportions
and/or percents.

Rates Ratios

 A secretary can type 56  In 1991, and American, Ann


words per minute. How much Trason, set a world record by
time will she need to type a running 100km in
4200-word report? Hours Minutes Seconds
7 50 09

A. 7 hours 30 minutes Which is the best estimate of her


B. 1 hour 4 minutes average speed?
C. 1 hour 28 minutes
D. 1 hour 15 minutes A. 12 km per hr
B. 14 km per hr
C. 16 km per hr
D. 18 km per hr
11
Numbers & Operations
Practice…
Represent or solve problems using rates, ratios, proportions
and/or percents.

Proportions
(Short Response)
 Julio’s wages vary directly as the number of hours that he works. If
his wages for 5 hours are $29.75, how much will he earn for 30
hours?

Scoring Rubric:
**[2 points] $178.50, and appropriate work is shown, such as solving a
proportion, using a table, or trial and error with at least three trials and
appropriate checks.
*[1 point] An incorrect proportion is set up, but no solution or an incorrect
solution is found.
*[1 point] $178.50, but no work is shown or fewer than three trials with
appropriate checks are shown.
[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is
a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.

13
Numbers & Operations
Practice…
Represent or solve problems using rates, ratios, proportions
and/or percents. Distance & Rates
(Short Response)
 Bob and Rebecca both drove to a baseball game at a college stadium.
Bob lives 70 miles from the stadium and Rebecca lives 60 miles from it,
as shown in the accompanying diagram. Bob drove at a rate of 50 miles
per hour, and Rebecca drove at a rate of 40 miles per hour. If they both
left home at the same time, who got to the stadium first?
70 miles

Bob’s House
60 miles
Scoring Rubric: Rebecca’s House
**[2 points] Bob, and appropriate work is shown, such as using the distance formula to
calculate the two travel times or setting up a proportion.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but one computational or conceptual error is made but
an appropriate answer is found.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but no answer or an incorrect answer is found.
[0 points] Bob, but no work or inappropriate work is shown.
[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is a correct
response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure. 14
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Using estimation strategies in problem-solving situations.

Estimation

 Ken bought a used car for  The state law requires that
$5,375. He had to pay an students attend school 180
additional 15 percent of the days out of the 365 days in a
purchase price to cover both year. Approximately what
sales tax and extra fees. Of percent of a year must
the following, which is the students attend school?
closest to the total amount
Ken paid?
A. 2%
B. 50%
A. $806 C. 75%
B. $5,510 D. 200%
C. $5,760
D. $6,180
15
Numbers & Operations
Practice…
Computing and/ or explaining operations with integers,
fractions and/ or decimals.

Fractions
 A grocery store sells brown sugar by the pound. The table below
shows how many cups of sugar a customer will get for the number
of pounds purchased.
Number of Pounds Number of Cups
3 7
4 9 1/3
5 11 2/3
6 14

The pattern continues. What is the total number of cups of brown


sugar in a 7-pound package?
A. 15 2/3
B. 16 1/3
C. 16 2/3
D. 17 1/3
16
Numbers & Operations
Practice…
Computing and/ or explaining operations with integers,
fractions and/ or decimals.

Fractions Decimals

 Subtract (-)  Divide (÷)


14 5/8 3
- 6 3/8 0.24

A. 8 3/8 A. 0.08
B. 7 2/8 B. 8.0
C. 8 1/4 C. 0.72
D. 9 D. 12.5

17
Numbers & Operations
Practice…
Computing and/ or explaining operations with integers,
fractions and/ or decimals.

Subtracting Negatives Adding Negatives

 Solve:  Solve:
27 – (-9) -4 + 23

A. -3 A. -19
B. -18 B. 19
C. 18 C. 20
D. 36 D. -27

18
Numbers & Operations

Practice…
Calculating mean.

Average
(Short Response)
 TOP Electronics is a small business with five employees. The mean
(average) weekly salary for the five employees is $360. If the
weekly salaries of four of the employees are $340, $340, $345, and
$425, what is the salary of the fifth employee?
Scoring Rubric:
**[2 points] $350, and appropriate work is shown, such as (1450 +x) ÷ 5 = 360,
or trial and error with at least trials and appropriate checks.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but one computational error is made
*[1 point] The total of the five salaries is shown to be 5 · 360 = 1800, but no
further correct work is shown.
*[1 point] $350, but no work is shown or fewer than three trials with appropriate
checks are shown.
[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is
a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.
19
Measurement
Vocabulary Review
Surface area is the sum of the areas of all the faces of a 3-D figure.
1. ____________

2. The sum of Supplementary


___________________
angles is equal to 180°.

3. A _______
Net is a 2-D shape that can be folded to create a 3-D figure.

4. A 3-D solid that has two congruent and parallel faces is known as a
_______.
Prism

5. The sum of ____________________


Complementary angles is equal to 90°.

Word Bank:
Net
Circumference 20
Prism
Measurement
Vocabulary Review
Interior angle is an angle inside of a shape.
6. A(n) _____________

7. A (n) _________
Polygon is a closed plane figure formed by three or more line
segments that intersect only at their endpoints (vertices).

8. The number of cubic units needed to fill a given space is known as


________.
Volume

Circumference is the measured distance around a circle.


9. ______________

10.A ________
Formula is a rule showing relationships among quantities.

Word Bank:
Net
Circumference 21
Prism
Measurement

Practice…
Converting measurements.

Customary measurements Metric measurements

 How many feet are in 15  Greg is 150 centimeters tall.


miles? How many meters is that?

A. 352 A. 0.500
B. 35,200 B. 1.5
C. 79,200 C. 15
D. 89,760 D. 15,000

22
Measurement
Practice…
Determining the measurement of a missing side(s) or angle(s)
in a polygon.

Missing Angles
 In a quadrilateral, each of two  Find the measure in degrees,
angles has a measure of of the smallest angle in this
115°. If the measure of a third triangle:
angle is 70°, what is the
measure of the remaining
angle? 3x

A. 60°
A. 20
B. 70°
B. 40 2x 4x
C. 130°
C. 60
D. 140°
D. 80

24
Measurement
Practice…
Determining the measurement of a missing side(s) or angle(s)
in a polygon.
Missing Angles
(Short Response)
 In the accompanying diagram of ∆BCD, m<C=70, m<CDE=130, and
side BD is extended to A and to E. Find m<CBA.
C
70°

130°
A B D E
Scoring Rubric:
**[2 points] 120, and appropriate work is shown, such as m<CDB= 180 – 130 = 50
and m<CBA = 70 + 50 = 120 or correctly labeled angles in a diagram.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is show, but one computational error is made.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is show, but one conceptual error is made.
*[1 point] m<CBD = 60 is found, but no further correct work is shown.
*[1 point] 120, but no work is shown
[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is a
correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.
26
Measurement
Practice…
Determining the measurement of a missing side(s) or angle(s)
in a polygon.

Missing Sides
 The length of each side of a  The interior angles of a sign
figure below is 4 inches (in.). total 1080°. What type of
polygon is the sign?

A. Hexagon
4 in.
B. Pentagon
What is the perimeter of the figure? C. Heptagon
D. Octagon
A. 12 in.
B. 16 in.
C. 20 in.
D. 24 in.

27
Measurement
Practice…
Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,
surface area and/ or volume.

Scaling Area
 A farmer has a rectangular field that measures 100 feet by 150 feet. He
plans to increase the area of the field by 20%. He will do this by
increasing the length and width by the same amount, x. Which equation
represents the area of the new field?

A. (100 + 2x)(150 + x) = 18,000


B. 2(100 + x) + 2(150 + x) = 15,000
C. (100 + x)(150 + x) = 18,000
D. (100 + x)(150 + x) = 15,000

29
Measurement
Practice…
Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,
surface area and/ or volume.

Surface Area Volume


 The box pictured below is open  The volume of the rectangular
at the top. Find its outside solid below is 1,440 cubic
surface area. inches.

20 cm 3 in

15 cm
10 cm
What could be the length and
A. 45 cm² width of this rectangular solid?
B. 1150 cm²
C. 1300 cm² A. 4 inches by 10 inches
D. 3750 cm² B. 8 inches by 20 inches
C. 10 inches by 48 inches
D. 30 inches by 40 inches
30
Measurement
Practice…
Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,
surface area and/ or volume.

Perimeter Circumference
 Delroy’s sailboat has two sails  The circumference of a circle
that are similar triangles. The is 16∏. What is the radius of
larger sail has sides of 10 feet, the circle?
24 feet, and 26 feet. If the
shortest side of the smaller sail A. 4
measures 6 feet, what is the
B. 8
perimeter of the smaller sail?
C. 16
D. 32
A. 15 ft
B. 36 ft
C. 60 ft
D. 100 ft

32
Measurement
Practice…
Determining measures of perimeter, circumference, area,
surface area and/ or volume.

Perimeter Area
 How does the perimeter of a  If the diameter of a car tire is
rectangle change when each 30 cm, what is the area of
side is increased by 2 units that circle? Round your
answer.
A. The perimeter doubles
B. The perimeter quadruples
C. The perimeter increases by 4
units
D. The perimeter increases by 8 A. 30.14 cm²
units B. 314 cm²
C. 7,070 cm²
D. 707 cm²

34
Geometry
Vocabulary Review
1. When a transversal intersects two lines, Corresponding
___________________
angles are
on the same side of the transversal and on the same side of the given
lines. (Also, similar or congruent figures.)

2. A(n) _________________
Isosceles triangle has exactly two congruent sides.

3. The ____________________
Pythagorean Theorem is a formula for finding the length of a
side of a right triangle when the lengths of two sides are given.

4. A pair of ________________
Alternate exterior angles are located outside a set of
parallel lines and on opposite sides of the transversal.

5. A pair of opposite congruent angles formed when two lines intersect


are called _____________.
Vertical angles
Word Bank:
Isosceles triangle
Adjacent angles 36
Coordinate plane
Geometry
Vocabulary Review
Scalene triangle has no congruent sides.
6. A(n) _______________

7. A (n) ____________
Acute triangle has each angle measuring less than 90°.

8. A pair of _______________
Alternate interior angles are located between a set of
parallel lines and on opposite sides of the transversal.

9. A ________________
Coordinate plane is a 2-D system which contains both horizontal
and vertical axes.

10._______________
Adjacent angles share a common side and common vertex and do
not overlap.

Word Bank:
Isosceles triangle
Adjacent angles 37
Coordinate plane
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Circular Geometry
 A duck swims from the edge of a circular pond to a fountain in
the center of the pond. Its path is represented by the dotted line
in the diagram below.

Duck’s Path

What term describes the duck’s path?

A. Chord
B. Radius
C. Diameter
D. Central angle

38
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Parallelograms Prisms

 The height of a parallelogram  What is the volume of a


is 13.5 feet. The base is four rectangular prism with a
times the height. What is the length of 16 inches, a height
area of the parallelogram? or 4 inches, and a width of 12
inches?
A. 45.5625 ft²
B. 54 ft² A. 48 in.³
C. 182.25 ft² B. 768 in.³
D. 729 ft² C. 1810 in.³
D. 2413 in.³

39
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders..
Parallelograms
(Short Response)
 Is it possible for two parallelograms to have the same area but not
be congruent? Explain why or why not.
Scoring Rubric:

**[2 points] Yes, two parallelograms can have the same area but not be congruent.
Let one parallelogram have a base of 6 units and a height of 4 units. Its area is 24
square units. Let another parallelogram have a base of 8 units and a height of 3
units. Its area is also 24 units, but the two parallelograms are not congruent.

*[1 point] Yes, two parallelograms can have the same area but not be congruent. No
explanation or example is given.

*[1 point] Yes, two parallelograms can have the same area but not be congruent. A
poor or incorrect explanation is given.

[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is a


correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.
41
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders..
Angles
 Which angles are  The ratio of two
complementary? supplementary angles is 2:7.
What is the measure of the
2
smaller angle?
1 3
5 4
A. 10°
A. <2 and <3 B. 14°
B. <3 and <4 C. 20°
C. <4 and <5 D. 40°
D. <1 and <2

42
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders..

Net
 Which of the following figures is the net of a square based pyramid?

A. 1 C. 3

B. 2 D. 4

43
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders..
Regular Polygons
(Extended Response)
 The top of the picnic table shown
has the shape of a regular polygon.
a. Sketch and classify the polygon. Is it
convex or concave?
b. Draw a single segment that divides
the polygon in your sketch into two
trapezoids.
c. Find the sum of the measures of the
angles of the polygon.

Solution:
a–b. The polygon is a regular hexagon. It is convex.

c. 360 + 360 = 720


The sum of the measures of the angles of the polygon is 720°.
44
Practice… Geometry

Identifying, using, and/or describing properties of angles,


triangles, quadrilaterals, circles, pyramids, cubes, prisms,
spheres, cones and/or cylinders.
Angles & Lines
 Line p is parallel to line k in the  In the diagram below, line l
figure shown below is parallel to line m and line
p k p is parallel to line q?
m 2 1
p
3
4 5
j q

l m

Which statement about the lines in Which angle has the same
the figure is true? measure as <1?
A. Line k is parallel to line m. A. <2
B. Line m is parallel to line j. B. <3
C. Line p is perpendicular to line k. C. <4
D. Line j is perpendicular to line p. D. <5
46
Geometry
Practice…
Computing measures of sides of right triangles using the
Pythagorean Theorem.

Pythagorean Theorem
 Mr. Kyle drives eight miles  What is the length of the
south and then six miles missing side in this triangle?
east. What was the
diagonal distance from his
starting point? 20
12
A. 2 miles
B. 10 miles x
A. 14
C. 14 miles B. 15
D. 48 miles C. 16
D. 18

47
Geometry

Practice…
Plot and/or identify ordered pairs on a coordinate plane.

Coordinate System
 Which building is located at  At what point does the line
(-2, 3)? intersect the y-axis?

Library Market

School

Bank

A. School A. (5, 0)
B. Library B. (0, 5)
C. Market C. (0,-3)
D. Bank D. (-3, 0)
49
Algebraic Concepts
Vocabulary Review
1. A ______________
Linear equationis an equation whose graph in a coordinate plane is
a straight line.

2. _____________
Absolute valueis the distance of a number from zero on a number line;
shown by | |.

3. A(n) __________________
System of equations is a group of two or more equations that
contain two or more variables.

4. A phrase that contains operations, numbers, and/or variables is a(n)


____________.
Expression

5. A relationship that has exactly one output for each input is called a
________.
Function
Word Bank:
Function
Function table 50
System of equations
Algebraic Concepts
Vocabulary Review
6. An _________
Inequality shows the relationship between quantities that are not
equal.

7. A sentence that shows that two expressions are equivalent is a(n)


Equation
________.

8. ______
Terms in an expression are set apart by plus or minus signs.

9. A table of ordered pairs that represent solutions of a function is called a


_____________.
Function table

10._________________
Inverse operations undo each other; addition and subtraction,
multiplication and division.

Word Bank:
Function
Function table 51
System of equations
Algebraic Concepts
Practice…
Analyzing, extending or developing descriptions of patterns or
functions.

Patterns
 Fiona created a pattern  List the next two values in
using numbers as shown this sequence:
below.
0, 2, 6, 12 4, 10, 22, __, __
The pattern continues. What is
the next number in the A. 34, 46
pattern?
B. 34, 48
C. 40, 62
A. 14
D. 46, 94
B. 18
C. 20
D. 24

52
Algebraic Concepts
Practice…
Analyzing, extending or developing descriptions of patterns or
functions.

Functions
 What is the solution of  The table below shows a
x > -3?. relationship between the
values of x and y.
3
x y
A. x < -1 -7 -10
-2 -5
B. x > -1
3 0
C. x < -9
8 5
D. x > -9
Which equation describes the
relationship?
A. y = x – 3
B. y = x +3
C. y = -x -3
D. y = -x +3
53
Practice… Algebraic Concepts

Select and/ or use a strategy to simplify an expression, solve


an equation or inequality and/ or check the solution for
accuracy.
Solving Equations
 Dora owns a card store.  In which equation is m = 28
After a full week, she made the solution?
$250.00 by selling cards (c).
Using the equation A. m – 3 = 5
1.25c = 250, how many 5
cards did Dora sell that
B. m – 3 = 5
week?
5
C. m – 3 = 5
A. 125
5
B. 200
D. (m – 3)5 = 5
C. 251
D. 312

54
Practice… Algebraic Concepts

Selecting and/ or using a strategy to simplify an expression,


solve an equation or inequality and/ or check the solution for
accuracy.
Expressions Inequalities

 If k can be replaced by any  There is $150 in Dave’s bank


number, how many different account. He deposits $200 into the
values can the expression account each month. Dave needs
k + 6 have? at least $700 to buy a used car.
The inequality below can be solved
A. One for x to find the number of deposits
Dave must make to reach his goal.
B. Six
200x + 150 ≥ 700
C. Seven
How many deposits must Dave make?
D. Infinitely many

A. x ≥ 2.75
B. x ≤ 2.75
C. x ≥ 4.25
D. x ≤ 4.25
55
Practice… Algebraic Concepts

Selecting and/ or using a strategy to simplify an expression,


solve an equation or inequality and/ or check the solution for
accuracy.
Checking for Accuracy
(Short Response)

 Brett was given the problem: “Evaluate 2x² + 5 when x = 3.” Brett wrote
that the answer was 41. Was Brett correct? Explain your answer.
Scoring Rubric:
**[2 points] No, and an appropriate explanation is given or the expression is
evaluated correctly.
*[1 point] No, and the correct order of operations is used to evaluate 2(3)² + 5,
but one computational error is made.
*[1 point] One conceptual error is made in evaluating the expression, but the
question is answered appropriately.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown, but the question is not answered.
[0 points] No, but no explanation or an inappropriate explanation is given.
[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is
a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.
56
Algebraic Concepts
Practice…
Creating and/ or interpreting expressions, equations or
inequalities that model problem situations.

Inequalities Expressions

 When Bernie earns 5 times  Which expression represents


more than the amount (a) of 4 times the sum of x squared
money he has plus another and 6?
$1,000, he will have at least
$16,000 to start a small A. 4x² + 6
business. Which statement
B. 4(x² + 6)
represents this situation?
C. 4(x + 6)²
D. (4x + 6)²
A. 5a + 1,000 ≥ 16,000
B. 5 + 1,000a ≤ 16,000
C. 5a +1,000 ≤ 16,000
D. 5 + 1,000a ≥ 16,000

57
Algebraic Concepts
Practice…
Creating and/ or interpreting expressions, equations or
inequalities that model problem situations.

Creating Equations

 A wooden box with 8 DVDs  Which equation shows that


inside weighs 4.2 kilograms. the sum of x and 2 is twice
The box weighs 0.6 kg when as much as 6?
empty. Using w to represent
the weight of one DVD, which A. x=2·2·6
of the following describes this
B. x + 2 · 2 =6
situation?
C. 2(x +2) = 6
D. x+2=2·6
A. 8w = 4.2
B. 8w + 0.6 = 4.2
C. 8w – 0.6 = 4.2
D. 8(w + 0.6) = 4.2

58
Algebraic Concepts
Practice…
Represent relationships with tables or graphs on the
coordinate plane.

Functions Tables
 Given the function y = ½x -2,  Which linear function is
which set of numbers graphed below?
completes the table?

x y
-4
-2
0

A. {4, 3, 2}
B. {-4, -3, -2}
C. {-4, 3, 2} A. y=x+3
D. {4, -3, -2} B. y² = 3x
C. y=3
D. x=3
59
Data Analysis & Probability
Vocabulary Review
Correlation describes the relationship between two sets of data.
1. ___________

2. A graphic method for showing a summary using median, quartiles and


extremes of data is known as a(n) ____________________.
Box-and-whisker plot

3. A(n) Permutation
___________ is a possible order or arrangement of a set of items.

4. A statement of _____________________
Experimental probability is based on the results of a
series of trials.

5. Two events that cannot occur at the same time are known as
_______________________.
Mutually exclusive events

Word Bank:
Compound event
Stem-and-leaf plot 60
Theoretical probability
Data Analysis & Probability
Vocabulary Review
6. Theoretical
___________________
probability is a statement of the probability of an event
without doing an experiment or analyzing.

7. A Compound
_______________
event is made up of two or more simple events.

8. Two events in which the outcome of one event does not affect the
outcome of the other event are known as _________________.
Independent events

9. A graph with points plotted to show a relationship between two


variables is called a ___________.
Scatter plot

10.A(n) ________________
Stem-and-leaf plot displays groups of data arranged by place
value.

Word Bank:
Compound event
Stem-and-leaf plot 61
Theoretical probability
Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…
Choosing, displaying or interpreting data.

Charts Stem-and-Leaf Plots


 According to the graph, what  The table below shows test
percent of the students chose scores for a class. How
generic brands? many students scored in the
Favorite Sneakers at
80’s?
Sherman High School
Stem Leaf
9 0 1 1 5 7
8 0 0 2 4 6 7 9
Generic brands; 15.00% Brand A; 8.00%
Brand B; 5.00% 7 7 7 8 9
Brand C; 15.00%
6 9
Brand E; 27.00%
5 2 3
Brand D; 30.00% 4 4

A. 15% A. 2 students
B. 14% B. 6 students
C. 17% C. 7 students
D. 16% D. 9 students 62
Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…
Choosing, displaying or interpreting data.

Interpreting Data
 The test scores for 10 students in Ms. Sampson’s homeroom were
61, 81, 83, 87, 88, 89, 90, 98, and 100. Which frequency table is
accurate for this set of data?

Interval Frequency Interval Frequency


A. 1) C. 3)
61-70 2 61-70 2
71-80 2 71-80 0
81-90 7 81-90 8
91-100 10 91-100 10

B. 2) Interval D. 4)
Frequency Interval Frequency
61-70 2 61-70 2
71-80 2 71-80 0
81-90 8 81-90 6
91-100 10 91-100 2

63
Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…
Calculating the probability of an event.

Probability

 There are 15 girls and 11  There are 9 packages, 5 red


boys in a mathematics class. and 4 green. There are
If a student is selected at calculators inside 4 of the red
random to run an errand, packages and inside 2 of the
what is the probability that a green packages. What is the
boy will be selected? probability of choosing a
package containing a
calculator from the entire
A. 4/26
group of packages?
B. 11/26
C. 15/26
A. 4/5
D. 11/15
B. 2/3
C. 1/2
D. 4/9
64
Data Analysis & Probability

Practice…
Calculating the probability of an event.

Probability
 While watching a game at a carnival where participants guess
which of three cups is covering a ball, Jeremy tallies that
following results.
Ball Location left middl right
e
Frequency 16 18 33
Find the experimental probability of the following as a fraction in its
simplest form AND an approximate percentage.
a. Find the experimental probability of the ball being under the right
cup.
33 or about 50%
67
b. Find the experimental probability of the ball not being under the
middle cup.
49 or about 73%
67
65
Data Analysis & Probability
Practice…
Determining the number of combinations and/ or permutations
for an event.

Combination Permutation

 Sarah and Tom belong to a  Edward conducts a


soccer league that has 8 simulation using a coin, a
teams. Each team will play all number cube, and a spinner
of the other teams twice. How as shown below.
many games will be played in
all?

A. 16 What is the number of outcomes


B. 28 for this simulation?
C. 56
D. 64 A. 3
B. 8
C. 12
D. 48
66
Data Analysis & Probability
Practice…
Determining the number of combinations and/ or permutations
for an event.
Combinations
(Short Response)
 In Jackson County, Wyoming, license plates are made with two letters
(A through Z) followed by three digits (0 through 9). The plates are made
according to the following restrictions:
• the first letter must be J or W, and the second letter can be any of the 26 letters of the
alphabet
• no digit can be repeated
 How many different license plates can be made with these restrictions?
Scoring Rubric:
**[2 points] 37,440 and appropriate work is shown, such as 2 x 26 x 10 x 9 x 8 or
2P1 x 26P1 x 10P3.

*[1 point] Appropriate work is show, but one computational error is made.
*[1 point] Appropriate work is shown for at least one restriction, such as 2x26 or
10 x 9 x 8.
*[1 point] 37,440 but no work is shown.
[0 points] A zero response is completely incorrect, irrelevant, or incoherent or is
a correct response that was obtained by an obviously incorrect procedure.
67
Data Analysis & Probability
Practice…
Drawing conclusions, making inferences and/ or evaluate
hypotheses based on statistical and data displays.

Drawing Conclusions Correlation

 From a batch of 3000 light  The data represented in the


bulbs, 100 were selected at scatter plot below can be
random and tested. If 5 of the described as having…
light bulbs in the sample were
found to be defective, about
how many defective light
bulbs would be expected in
the entire bunch?

A. 15
B. 60 A. Positive correlation
C. 150 B. Negative correlation
D. 300 C. No correlation
D. Both positive and negative
correlation 68
Data Analysis & Probability
Practice…
Drawing conclusions, making inferences and/ or evaluate
hypotheses based on statistical and data displays.

Drawing Conclusions Correlation

 An animal shelter needs to  Which data sets have a


find homes for 40 dogs and negative correlation?
60 cats. If 15% of the dogs
are female and 25% of the A. A person’s eye color and
cats are female, what percent height
of the animals are female?
B. A person’s height and weight
C. The distance traveled and
A. 21% the time it takes to travel
B. 22% D. The outdoor temperature and
C. 40% the number of hours a heater
D. 42% is used

69
Data Analysis & Probability
Practice…
Drawing conclusions, making inferences and/ or evaluate
hypotheses based on statistical and data displays.
Drawing Conclusions
 John left his home and walked 3 blocks to his school, as shown in
the accompanying graph.

3 D
B C
2
1 A

Time
What is one possible interpretation of the section of the graph from
point B to point C?

A. John reached the top of a hill and began walking on level ground.
B. John waited before crossing a busy street.
C. John arrived at school and stayed throughout the day.
D. John returned home to get his mathematics homework. 70
Good luck to all!!!

Feel free to repeat the review as many


times as you like or continue studying
your own additional resources!

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