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IILM BS

TOPICS TO BE COVERED:-

 DEFINITION OF MANAGEMENT
 FEATURES OF MANAGEMENT
 PURPOSE & SCOPE OF MANAGEMENT
 FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT
 MANAGEMENT -- SCIENCE OR ART ??

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MEANING OF
MANAGEMENT
Management is the art of getting things
done through people.
Management is to Manage-Men-Tactfully.

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ACCORDING TO FAYOL

“To manage is to forecast and plan,


to organize, to command, to co-
ordinate and to control.”

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Why study Management?

1. To treat work forces


2. Skill development
3. Long lasting advantages
4. Sound management
5. Customer & Employee satisfaction

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Features of Management

 Goal oriented
 Group activity
 Conducive environment
 Establishes healthy relationship

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Nature of Management

 Purposive activity
 Pervasive activity
 Continuous process
 Universal activity
 Requires at all levels

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Purpose &Scope of
management
 Determining of objectives
 Efficient use of resources
 Satisfaction of customers
 Earning adequate return on capital
 Satisfying workforce
 Keeping & Maintaining good working
conditions
 Maintaining good relations with suppliers
 Contributing towards National goals
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PLANNING

CONTROLLING ORGANIZING

FUNCTIONS
OF
MANAGERS

DIRECTING STAFFING

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PLANNING

Planning is the process in which we come to


know about – “Where we are” and “where we
want to be”.

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Steps In Planning

 Determining the goals


 Finding alternative courses of action
 Comparison of both
 Selecting the most suitable course
for the organization

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ORGANIZING

It is the process of determining what


needs to be done, how it will be done
and who is to do it. It is also
identification of activities to be
carried out and assigning them to
different departments.

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STEPS IN ORGANIZING

 DIVISION OF WORK
 GROUPING OF IDENTICAL
 GRANTING OF AUTHORITY
 ESTABLISHING RESPONSIBILITY
 CREATING ACCOUNTABILITY

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STAFFING

IT IS THE PROCESS OF PROVIDING


RIGHT PERSON AT RIGHT PLACE.

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DIRECTING

It is the process of guiding the


subordinates towards the achievement
of organizational goals. It includes the
process of motivation and leadership.

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CONTROLLING

It is the process to keep an eye or check


on all the activities of the subordinates.
Control is the process through which
standards of performance of people and
processes are set, communicated and
applied.

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Steps in controlling

 Setting standards
 Measuring actual performance
 Comparing actual performance with
standards
 Finding deviations
 Locating the causes for the deviation

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THE MANAGERIAL ROLES

INTERPERSONAL INFORMATIONAL DECISIONAL

ENTREPRENEUR
FIGUREHEAD MONITOR

DISTURBANCE
HANDLER
LEADER DISSEMINATOR
RESOURCE
ALLOCATOR

LIAISON SPOKESPERSON NEGOTIATOR

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MANAGEMENT SKILLS

 CONCEPTUAL
 HUMAN
 TECHNICAL

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SKILLS DISTRIBUTION AT VARIOUS
LEVELS
SKILLS

TOP CONCEPTUAL
LEVELS

MIDDLE HUMAN

LOWER TECHNICAL

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IS MANAGEMENT SCIENCE OR ART ?

SCIENCE ART
Science is a systematized body of knowledge “Art is a systematic application of
pertaining to specific fields of study based on skills and knowledge in affecting
cause & effect relationship between two or desired results”
more variables.
- Henry Fayol

Features of science :- Features of art :-


•Science is a systematic approach. •Art is a practical knowledge.
•Science has got universally accepted •Art is a specialized personal skill.
principles. •It is based on experience attitude
•It establishes relationship between and interest.
cause & their effect. •Art can be proved through practice.
•Its result come accurate & effective. •Art creates congenial atmosphere
•It is based on well defined proved and develop further interests.
experiments.

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Management Management
As a As an
Science Art

Management can’t be referred as Management cannot be compared to


‘exact science’ infact it is a any fine arts. It deals with people
behavioural science. The reason is whose behaviour is not exact. It is
Management deals with human beings concerned with application of skills
whose behaviour can’t be acknowledge and ability in solving the
predicted with surety. problems of the enterprise.

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Therefore management is defined as
both art and science. It is a science as
if follows some universal principles
which are based on proper
observations accepted at all places in
the organizations. It is an art because
it requires creativity of skills and
knowledge.

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CONCLUSION

Management is all about creating an


environment which deals with human
behaviour and skills and to get work
done through people.

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THANK YOU
PRESENTED BY :-

 HUBA KHAN
 JEEVRAJ SINGH SHEKHAWAT
 MOUSUMI MAZUMDAR
 SANDEEP KUMAR
 TALQEEN
 YOGESH DUGGAL

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