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NURSES
Issues and effects that come along with the shortage
of nurses.
WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?
• Currently in America we have a major issue with keeping nurses properly
staffed in our hospitals and clinics.

• There has been many studies that show the unfortunate events and dangers
that follow, when hospitals do not have enough nurses for the overwhelming
amount of patients.

• The nurse to patient ratio is extremely high and poses a huge threat to
patients receiving proper care.
NURSE-TO-PATIENT RATIO
• When hospitals are low on nurses, patients are more
likely to die, get infections or even come back to
the hospital more sick then when they had left the
first time.

• The staff may not have enough time before a


patients is discharged to educate the patient and
family members on how to properly care for
themselves.
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• Not having the proper education from the hospital


staff could result in patients coming in with
exponentially worse symptoms or even resulting in
the patients death.
UNSETTLING FACTS
• When just 1 patient is added to a nurse’s workload, it
increases the patient’s risk of death by 7%

• When the hospital increases the average workload


of a nurse to 4-6 patients the patient’s risk of dying
jumps 14%.

• When that workload is boosted to 8 patient’s per


nurse, the risk of the patient dying goes up by 31%
than with a nurse that only has 4 patients!
WHY IS THIS A PROBLEM?
• There was a study conducted in an issue of “Policy, Politics & Nursing
Practice” that explained that 17.5% of newly nurses will leave their first job as
a nurse in their first year after obtaining their license.

• 1 in every 3 nurses will leave their nursing job in the first two years after
receiving their license.

• This could be due to many things but the research is showing that the
biggest reason nurses are leaving their jobs is because the stress and pressure
that is put on their shoulders to provide quality care for the amount of
patients, is too much for one person to handle.
HOW IS THIS AFFECTING THE
NURSE?
• Nurses are expected to work long hours..
Usually 12-14 hours shifts a few times a week.
In that shift (depending on the hospital and
the unit that he/she works on) the nurse
could have between 4 and 8 patients. Those
patients may require some or all of the
following:

• Medication multiple times a day.


• Assistance in using the restroom/ showering/
getting dressed etc.
• Patients may require physically being turned
or rotated during the day to prevent pressure
ulcers.
• Nurses are also required to chart and
occasionally do administrative work.
NURSES’ MENTAL HEALTH
• There was a study done in 2010 in which 441 active nurses were sent a survey that
talked about substance abuse in response to a difficult work environment and high
amounts of stress.

• The experts who were running the survey received 302 of the surveys back. They
concluded that 48% of those nurses had reported drug or alcohol use at work!

• 40% of the nurses said that their competence at work was affected by the alcohol
and drugs.

• They also found in this study that the nurses who experienced this type of abuse
were too afraid to get help because they worried about losing their nursing license.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION
• Nurses have many roles in the healthcare field, but one of the most
important jobs that they have is to educate patient’s and the patients family
members.

• All units require some type of education before a patient is discharged. This
can include things like how much medicine to take, how to take a shower,
how to maintain a healthy life outside of the hospitals.

• Because of the nursing shortage, nurses lack enough time to teach these
things to the patient and the family members.
PROBLEMS WITH NOT EDUCATING
• If a patient has come to a hospital for recovery
after having a stroke or heart attack they may not
ever have the ability to care for themselves like
before.

• This means that those patients that did not learn


how to take care of themselves, most likely will Both images from google images

come back to the hospital in worse condition than


when they left.

• Which means a longer hospital stay and more


patients per nurse.
EDUCATION ON TREATMENTS
• A nurses’ job does not stop for patients after their procedures or when
symptoms start to disappear.

• One of the most important things that nurses have to inform patients about
before being discharged, is the medicine that has been prescribed to them.

• Patients should be informed about how much medicine to take, if they


should take it with or without food, how many times a day, what kind of
symptoms or reactions that their body may have, etc.
CONCLUSION
• Nurses have a very important job in the healthcare field. They are really the

backbone of any hospital or clinic. It’s unfortunate that most nurse’s are completely

over worked because this makes it much more difficult for them to do their job and

provide excellent patient care. All of these stresses and pressures can add up and

make a nurse forget the reason he/she became a nurse. This is a huge problem and

it is only getting worse, but if we recognize the issue we can start to move forwards

instead of back. People’s lives are on the line so something needs to change.
WORKS CITED
• What Happens to Patients When Nurses Are Short-Staffed?, www.truthaboutnursing.org/faq/short-
staffed.html.

• “Nurse Staffing and Work Environments Affect Survival after in-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.” EurekAlert!,
10 Dec. 2015, www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-12/wkh-nsa121015.php.

• “Dying for Lack of Nurses.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 25 Oct. 2002,
www.nytimes.com/2002/10/25/opinion/dying-for-lack-of-nurses.html.

• Carayon, Pascale. “Nursing Workload and Patient Safety-A Human Factors Engineering
Perspective.” Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses., U.S.
National Library of Medicine, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2657/.

• “One in Five Nurses Leave First Job Within a Year.” RWJF, 1 Mar. 2018,
www.rwjf.org/en/library/articles-and-news/2014/09/nearly-one-in-five-new-nurses-leave-first-
job-within-a-year--acc.html.
STATEMENTS OF GOALS AND
CHOICES
• https://drive.google.com/open?id=1CkBT74nPOr0uzVsibmq
U1Uf5hfclmupD