Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 17

7 Articles:

Indefinite and Definite

The Rules of the


Game

Focus on Grammar 3
Part V, Unit 22
By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Chess
Chess is a game for two players. Each player
begins with a set of sixteen white or black
pieces. Some chess sets are plain, but some are
very unusual. The players take turns moving
their pieces on a board with 64 squares. Each
type of piece moves in a different way. The
Queen is the most powerful piece, but the King
is the most important. The primary goal in chess
is to checkmate your opponent’s King. The
game is over when a King cannot avoid capture.
Indefinite Nouns 1
A noun is indefinite when you and your listener do not
have a specific person, place, or thing in mind.

Let’s play a You’ll need


game! some luck
to beat me.
Indefinite Nouns 2
Use the indefinite article a / an with singular
count nouns that are indefinite.

singular count noun

Chess is a game for two players.

singular count noun

You may capture an enemy piece.


A or An 1

Use a before consonant sounds.

consonant
with a A chessboard has 64 squares.
consonant
sound

vowel
with a
consonant Chess is a unique game.
sound
A or An 2

Use an before vowel sounds.

consonant
with a The game lasted over an hour.
vowel
sound

vowel
with a
vowel Chess is an interesting game.
sound
Indefinite Nouns 3
Use no article (  ) or some with plural count nouns
and non-count nouns that are indefinite. Some means
an indefinite number.

plural count noun

Some chess sets are very unusual.

non-count noun

Most players enjoy competition.


Identifying Nouns 1
Use a / an with singular count nouns to
say what someone or something is.

singular count noun

Chess is a board game.

singular count noun

Chess is an interesting game .


Identifying Nouns 2
Use no article (  ) with plural count nouns and
non-count nouns to say what someone or
something is.
plural count noun

Kings, queens, and bishops are chess pieces.

non - count nouns

Some chess sets are made of marble or glass.


Make General Statements
Use no article (  ) with plural count nouns and
non-count nouns to make general statements.

plural count noun

Players often play with chess clocks.

non - count noun

Special software is needed to play chess online.


Complete the sentences with
Practice 1 a, an, some, or  (no article).


Example: Can you play ______chess?

 pawns move one square at a time.


1. In chess, ______
an interesting game.
2. Chess is ____

a white square.
3. The white Queen begins on ______

a Queen.
4. A pawn can be promoted to ______

5. A verbal call of “check” is ______


an insult.
a tie.
Some games end in ______
6. ______
Definite Nouns
A noun is definite when you and your listener both know
which person, place or thing you are talking about.

Right here. It’s


Where is the
part of the
chessboard?
furniture.
The 1
Use the with most common nouns (count and
non-count, singular and plural) that are definite.

plural count noun

Players with the white pieces move first.


singular count noun

The queen is the most powerful piece.


non - count noun

Some players record the time between moves.


The 2
Use the when a person, place, or thing is
unique.

There’s
only
The player who checkmates is the winner.
one
winner.

There’s
only
People can play chess on the web. one
web.
The 3
Use the when the context makes it clear
which person, place, or thing you mean.

Will you let


me win
the game?
They know
he is
talking
about their
card game.
Complete the sentences with a,
Practice 2 an, the, some, or  (no article).

It started in China, but people play Mahjong all over


______
the world. Mahjong is played with ______  tiles. They
 bamboo or ivory. ______
are made from ______ The tiles
 flowers, numbers, or ______
display ______ a unique
animal. Players shuffle the tiles by building ______
a wall.
Mahjong
There are several mahjong patterns such as a Chow and a
Pong. ______
A Kong contains four tiles of ______the same
number and suit. ______
An Eye contains two tiles of the same
the game is to collect
number and suit. The object of ______
a set of fourteen tiles in four groups of three tiles and
______
a matched pair. Now you can download ______
______ 
the Internet.
Mahjong and play it over ______
References

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its


licensors.
All rights reserved.

Chess Table ©
http://www.everythingfurniture.com.