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GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ENGIEERING, CHANDRAPUR

BALLARPUR ROAD, BABUPETH, CHANDRAPUR, 442403


‘’DENSITY BASED TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM’’
PRESENTED BY : 1. NITIN KAHALKAR 2. JAGADISH SELOKAR 3. KAJAL CHALAKH 4. JAYSHREE THENGRE
UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF: DR. S. G. AKKOJWAR

ABSTRACT FLOWCHART ADVANTAGES


At the present time, the traffic control system becomes the main issue  The time loss which is caused by traffic can be reduced.
because of the fast increase in automobiles and also due to large time  Reduces the work of traffic police.
delays between traffic lights. So, in order to overcome this problem, we
will go for density based traffic light timing control system. This article  Low power consumption.
discusses how to control the traffic based on density.The proposed system  It provide easy access in the traffic system.
uses IR sensors to calculate the traffic density. We have to place one IR  Low cost to design the circuit, maintainance is good.
sensor on every road; where the sensor alwayS senseS the traffic on that
specific road. All these sensors are interfaced to the microcontroller. Based  Fire station or medical emergency entrance.
on the sensors, microcontroller detects the traffic and controls the traffic
system.
FUTURE SCOPE
AIM OF PROJECT  Real time traffic information update on traffic department website.
 The aim of the traffic control system project is to solve traffic congestion,
To solve the problem, we have designed a framework for a dynamic and  Automatic generation of E-Challan.
automatic traffic light control system and developed a simulation model
with codes to help to build the system on hardware.  Automatic Tracking of laws defaulters.

 It is possible to propose dynamic time-based coordination schemes  Implementation of above system at night using thermal cameras.
where the green signal time of the traffic lights is assigned based on the
present conditions of traffic. This is achieved by using 3 pairs of IR sensors  Detection of other emergency vehicles.
(Transmitter and Receiver) across the road to monitor a particular
length/zone while vehicles on the same zone block the IR light falling on  We can increase the efficency by using microprecessors (8086).
the IR receiver to assume low traffic density.

APPLICATION
BLOCK DIAGRAM BRIEF DESCRIPTION  There is no need of traffic inspector at the junctions for supervising the
traffic to run smoothly

Density of roads  The intelligent work which is done by traffic inspector will be perfectly
Density of roads is classified as: done by the microcontroller in the circuit with the help of sensors and
 Low the program which is coded to the microcontroller.
 Medium
 High
Priority of roads CONCLUSIONS
 If two or more roads of equal high priority any one road is opened.
 If all roads are having no traffic, yellow signal appears.  Thus from above theory we can conclude that using the method of
 No road is allowed to be closed continuously for more than maximum density based control of traffic lights we can save a considerable
duration amount of time and also we can prevent excessive traffic jams thus
 Without considering the density. leading to smooth traffic flow.
Delay of roads  In practice presently in India we are following time based control of
traffic signals and we are experiencing a heavy traffic jams all over
The delay of each road is chosen according to the density which in turn consumes lot of time and fuel. We hope these methods
 Low-20seconds will be adopted as soon as possible so that the limitations we are
 Medium-30seconds experiencing with present method can be overcome.
 High-60seconds