Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 45

¡La universidad para todos!

¡La Universidad para todos!

Tema: CAN , COULD, BE ABLE TO


Docente: Mag. Jessica Verónica Ríos Sosa

Escuela Profesional Periodo académico: 2018-1


INGENIERÍA DE SISTEMAS E INFORMATICA Semestre:1
Unidad:1
¡La universidad para todos!

Título del tema

CAN COULD BE ABLE TO


¡La universidad para todos!

Orientaciones

Review your guide

Review your book

Listen to the cd.


¡La universidad para todos!

Contenidos temáticos

CAN,CAN’T

COULD,COULDN’T OR BE ABLE TO
¡La universidad para todos!

EXPECTED LEARNING

Students can learn about new vocaulary


and abilities in present and past using
Modals.
¡La universidad para todos!
¡La universidad para todos!

VOCABULARY
¡La universidad para todos!

CAN/CAN’T
• Can is used to talk about ability and possibility, to ask for
and give permission, and to make requests and offers.
¡La universidad para todos!
Modals of Ability: Can and Could;
Be Able To

Affirmative Statements Negative Statements


I can play the piano. I cannot (can’t) play the flute.
He can speak Spanish. He can’t speak Arabic.
They can work on their essay tomorrow. They can’t work on their essay .

Yes/No Questions Short Answers


Can you play the piano? Yes, I can./No, I can’t.
Can he speak Spanish? Yes, he can./No, he can’t.
Can they work on their essay tomorrow? Yes, they can./No, they can’t.
¡La universidad para todos!

Can is a modal auxiliary verb. It is followed by an


infinitive without to.
There is no –s in the third person singular.

• I can swim. (=know how Questions and negatives


to) are made without do:
• She can sing. (NOT She
cans …) • Can you speak French?
• He can run a mile in (NOT Do you can speak
four minutes. (NOT He French?)
can to run…) • I can't swim. (NOT I
• She can play tennis don't can swim.)
very well. (NOT She can • You cannot fool him.
to play tennis…) (NOT You don't can fool
him.)
¡La universidad para todos!
7-2 EXPRESSING ABILITY: CAN AND COULD

I can’t believe that!


¡La universidad para todos!
7-2 EXPRESSING ABILITY: CAN AND COULD

(a) Dolphins can jump very high.

(b) They can swim long distances.

(c) They can be taught fancy tricks.

can ability in present


or future
¡La universidad para todos!
EXPRESSING ABILITY: CAN AND COULD

can’t
(d) I cannot fix this computer.
can not

three negative forms


of can
¡La universidad para todos!
EXPRESSING ABILITY: CAN AND COULD

(e) When we were in college, we could


play chess for hours.

could = past form of can


¡La universidad para todos!
LET’S PRACTICE

can
can’t
He is always upset when he
_____ remember something.
¡La universidad para todos!
7-2 LET’S PRACTICE

can
can’t

A dolphin ____ run,


but it ____ jump.
¡La universidad para todos!
7-2 LET’S PRACTICE

can
can’t
You ____ bring a horse

to water, but you ____

make him drink it.


¡La universidad para todos!

Exercises
Complete with a suitable word: Complete the sentences
with can or can't.
• 1 I ______ go out tonight. I'm
busy. • 1 ______ I park my car
• 2 Can you ______ to the cinema here?
tonight? • 2 Where? I ______ see
• 3 You ______ park here. It's no him.
parking. • 3 ______ you help me
• 4 ______ you tell me the time, with my homework?
please? • 4 You ______ smoke
• 5 She can ______ English well. there, but not here.
• 6 I ______ play football, but not • 5 Sorry. I ______
basketball remember the answer.
• 6 I ______ speak
Spanish and Italian.

© Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007


¡La universidad para todos!
USING COULD TO EXPRESS POSSIBILITY

This could be a long walk.


¡La universidad para todos!

How do we use modals?

WE USE IN SIMPLE PAST : CAN -COULD

S M V
Subject Verb

Example: Mary could play the piano

They do not accept conjugation


They do not need other auxiliary verbs
¡La universidad para todos!

Could for Past Ability

Affirmative/Negative Statements
I could read in kindergarten./I could not (couldn’t) read in kindergarten.
He could drive at 14./He couldn’t drive at 14.
They could draw beautifully./They couldn’t draw beautifully.

Yes/No and Information Questions


Could you read in kindergarten? Yes, I could./No, I couldn’t.
What could she read in kindergarten?
Who could read in kindergarten?
¡La universidad para todos!
EXPRESSING ABILITY: CAN AND COULD

(f) I couldn’t play chess in graduate school.


I had to study all the time.
couldn’t or could not = negative form of could
¡La universidad para todos!
USING COULD TO EXPRESS POSSIBILITY

(a) Why isn’t this


working? I don’t think it’s serious.
It could be just a weak
battery.

present
Could =
possibility
¡La universidad para todos!
USING COULD TO EXPRESS POSSIBILITY

(b) This error could


cause problems in
the whole company.

future
Could =
possibility
¡La universidad para todos!
LET’S PRACTICE

I’d like to visit a beautiful place. present


? future
We could go to Thailand.
¡La universidad para todos!
LET’S PRACTICE

Oh, no! This could be a problem! ?

present
future
¡La universidad para todos!
LET’S PRACTICE

This car doesn’t run.


The battery could be dead.
?

present
future
¡La universidad para todos!

COMPARE
¡La universidad para todos!

 Be Able To for Past, Present, and Future Ability


(Be able to is not a modal, but it has the meaning as can and could. The verb be in be able to
chances from and agrees with the subject.)

Affirmative Statements
He was able to work yesterday.
He is able to work today.
He will be able to work tomorrow.

Negative Statements
He was not able to work yesterday.
He is not able to work today.
He will not be able to work tomorrow.
¡La universidad para todos!
¡La universidad para todos!
¡La universidad para todos!
¡La universidad para todos!
¡La universidad para todos!
¡La universidad para todos!

MANAGED TO

manage to (do something)


¡La universidad para todos!

• Today I have another expression which many of my


students misunderstand: “manage to”. This is used
when talking about something we are able to do
successfully, but that was not easy to do. For example:
• I woke up late this morning, but I managed to get to
work on time.
• My team had to work overtime, but we managed to
meet our deadline.
• That novel was over 1000 pages, but I managed to
read the whole thing in two weeks.
¡La universidad para todos!

So in all of these examples, the person is successful, but when they say
“manage to”, they are stressing the fact that it was difficult to
accomplish.
We can also use this expression as a question. For example:
Do you think you can manage to write this report without making any
mistakes?
In this case, the speaker is NOT being polite. It sounds like the person
is angry about a previous report that contained many mistakes. I don’t
recommend using this expression as a question because people won’t
like you if you do. However, unfortunately, sometimes you might hear
another person say this. I hope that no one speaks to you in this way
though.
¡La universidad para todos!

• Used to talk about specific achievements that were


difficult.
Examples:
No one thought she had a chance to win the race
but somehow she managed to get enough votes and
win the election.
When Carla quit without giving notice it was difficult
for us, but we managed to handle everything.
How did they manage to find a suitable candidate for
the position in such short time?
¡La universidad para todos!
Please select the correct answer for each of the
questions below:Could / managed to
1 - I asked Tom if he ______ help.
a - manage to
b - managed to
c - could
d - couldn't
2 - I would have liked to have gone but I ______ get a
ticket.
a - could
b - manage to
c - managed to
d - couldn't
¡La universidad para todos!

3 - I missed the last train but I ______ get a taxi.


a - could
b - manage to
c - managed to
d - couldn't
4 - For once, I ______ get up early today. It was an effort!
a - manage to
b - could
c - couldn't
d - managed to
¡La universidad para todos!

5 - It was very frustrating. I ______ make her understand


what I wanted.
a - managed to
b - couldn't
c - could
d - manage to
6 - I ______ find the correct answer anywhere.
a - couldn't
b - could
c - managed to
d - manage to
¡La universidad para todos!

7 - I don't speak much Russian but I ______ make the taxi


driver understand where I wanted to go.
a - could
b - manage to
c - managed to
d - couldn't
8 - I looked everywhere but I ______ find it.
a - manage to
b - could
c - couldn't
d - managed to
¡La universidad para todos!

9 - There were very few seats left but I ______ get us two
tickets.
a - could
b - managed to
c - couldn't
d - manage to
10 - I ______ speak Italian really well when I lived in Venice.
a - manage to
b - couldn't
c - managed to
d - could
¡La universidad para todos!

Conclusiones y/o actividades de investigación


sugeridas

Estimados estudiantes:
Espero que este material haya sido de utilidad, también que deben
ingresar semanalmente a los enlaces interesantes y los bibliográficos
para que puedan repasar todo lo aprendido,también al blog del docente
para que puedan ya no tener dudas sobre el tema ensí

Gracias por su atención!!


¡La universidad para todos!

¡Thank you!