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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

REGION III

• TRAINING ON
GENDER EQUALITY
MOVEMENT IN
SCHOOLS OF CENTRAL
LUZON
August 22 – 24, 2017

Otel Pampanga, City of San Fernando


Module 1
Session 3

Gender Equality Issues


in the K to 12 Basic
Education
Objectives :

After the session, the participants should be


able to:

1. Identify gender equality issues that are


present in the Philippine Education setting;
2. Describe the effects of these gender
equality issues on the school performance
of learners, and
3. Demonstrate commitment to mitigate the
effects of gender equality issues.
Overview

The most common goal of gender


equality initiatives in education is to challenge
traditional gender roles and change the
perception on stereotypes.

The first step in overcoming this major task


is to recognize the reality of gender equality
issues occurring in our educational institutions.
Watch Me
Instructions:

1. Watch the(4) short video clips from


documentary films .
2. Brainstorm with your group the gender
equality issue/s identified per video clip.
3. Write on meta cards your answers.
4. Post your responses on the board.
Video Presentation
Video Presentation
(EBRD - Gender Equality Works)
Video Presentation
(Gender Equality in Classroom)
Video Presentation
(Gender Equality in Education)
Document Review

Instructions:

1. As a group, study the document “WEF


Global Gender Gap Report 2016 –
Philippine Context”.
Document Review
Instructions:
2. Answer the following questions.
a) What is the document all about?
b) Which of the data presented in the document
pertains to gender parity and gender disparity?
Why do think so?
c) What are your thoughts on the numbers
mentioned in the document? Why?
d) Do you have similar data in your schools? Cite a
particular example.
e) What are the implications of these data in the
promotion of gender equality in our schools?
Document Review

Presentation of Group
Answers
Guide Questions

1. What gender equality issues were


presented in the short video clips? How
about in the article?

2. Which of the statistics presented in the


document you found alarming?
3. Which of these issues can be observed in your
school? Please provide concrete examples.

4. Can you see these gender equality issues


occurring in all levels, Kindergarten Level?
Elementary Level? Junior High School? Senior
High School?
5. Trip down Memory Lane
Recall your schooling days, did you observed these
gender equality issues occurring in the school
where you studied? What were thoughts on
gender equality back then?

6. What will happen if these gender equality issues


will continue to occur in our Philippine education
system?
Abstraction

As an organization, it is important for the


members of the Department of Education
community to become aware of gender
equality issues and embrace the prevailing
need to consciously address these issues.
Indicators of Gender Equality in Education

Let us take a look at the indicators of


gender equality in education. Reflect
individually on whether these indicators are
present in your school or not.
Indicators of Gender Equality in Education
Equal Access Equal Treatment and Opportunity Education and Other Outcomes
 Sex disaggregated:  Subject choice/assignment by gender  Exam performance (on both
 Gross/net enrolment rates by (including extra-curricular activities) international and local exams) by
location, region, ethnicity,  Gender-awareness in textbooks, gender
religion, socio-economic status, curriculum, and teacher training  Male/female employment across
etc.  Gender balance within classrooms different levels of education
 Survival rates (+5 years of  Level of training of male/female  Gender differentials in teaching at
schooling) teachers all levels (recruitment, wages,
 Drop-out rates  Gender discrimination within the positions)
 Completion rates school and classroom (context  Gender differentials in wages across
 Absenteeism/attendance rates specific indicators needed, e.g., different levels/sectors of
 Repetition rates teacher practices, access ) employment
 Average years of schooling  Teacher gender attitudes  Changes in social norms and gender
 Transition/progression to higher  Levels and types of violence roles
levels experienced  Changes in levels of violence
 Proportion of female to male  Other factors shaping participation  National, local, and school related
teachers, head teachers, school and performance (e.g. to outcomes
administrators and ministers, reproductive/productive
inspectors responsibilities)
 National, local, and school  National, local, and school policies
policies related to access related to equal treatment and
opportunity
Source: Levtov, R. (2014). Addressing gender inequalities in curriculum and education: review of literature and promising practices to inform education
reform initiatives in Thailand.Documents.worldbank.org. Retrieved 30 June 2016, from
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/20431471/addressing-gender-inequalities-curriculum-education-review-literature-promising-practices-
inform-education-reform-initiatives-thailand
Key Messages

• Gender inequality is especially harmful to


women and girls, but can also affect men
and boys.
• Gender equality advances equal rights for
both genders.
• Gender parity refers to equality in numbers.
• Gender disparity indicates an imbalance in
educational access or achievement.
• Gender parity is an important step towards
gender equality.

Source: Levtov, R. (2014). Addressing gender inequalities in curriculum and education: review of literature and promising practices to inform education
reform initiatives in Thailand.Documents.worldbank.org. Retrieved 30 June 2016, from
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/20431471/addressing-gender-inequalities-curriculum-education-review-literature-promising-practices-
inform-education-reform-initiatives-thailand
Instructions:
1. As a group, create either a slogan, jingle or
a pledge signifying your commitment to
contribute in the promotion of gender
equality and cushioning the impact of
gender inequality issues.
2. You have ten (10) minutes to prepare and
each group will have two (2) minutes to
present your output.
References:

World Economic Forum (2016). The Global Gender Gap Report 2016.
Retrieved on 04 July 2017 from http://www.weforum.com

Levtov, R. (2014). Addressing gender inequalities in curriculum and


education: review of literature and promising practices to inform
education reform initiatives in Thailand.Documents.worldbank.org.
Retrieved 30 June 2016, from
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/01/20431471/addr
essing-gender-inequalities-curriculum-education-review-literature-
promising-practices-inform-education-reform-initiatives-thailand