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EAT340 - Professional Engineering

Management Techniques

Lecture 1: Module Introduction


and Project Management

Module Leader: Dr Ken Robson


EAT340 INTRODUCTION
WELCOME! Insert Tutors names for International
Centres
Your module tutors are

 ______________ Email:________________________
Room ______, __________ Building

Telephone: _____________

 __________ Email: ___________________________


Room ______ , __________ Building
EAT340 Professional Engineering
Management Techniques
Delivered as two units:

 Unit 1 Project Management (Semester 1)


 Unit 2 Engineering Management (Semester 2)

 Uses a combination of lecturers, tutorials and seminars.


EAT340 Professional Engineering
Management Techniques
The module covers five main areas:

1. Project Management
2. Personal Development
3. Team Problem solving
4. Engineering Management and its key drivers: Safety, cost,
customer service, quality
5. Other business functions: Marketing, Finance, Human
Resources
Tutorials (Unit 1)
 Semester 1 - tutorials take place on a weekly
basis – Your tutor will allocate you to a team.

 Tutorial format alternates weekly between:


1. Tutorial task specification handout/and task delivery session
2. tutorial task planning/problem solving session

 You are required to work with the other


members of your allocated team between
tutorial sessions to complete the specified tasks

 You MUST arrive fully prepared at each tutorial


EAT340 -Assessment

Module assessed by:


 An examination in January 2018, testing
learning outcomes 2 and 3 contributing
70% of the final module mark
 A group assignment due at the end of
Semester 2, testing learning outcomes 1
and 4 contributing 30% of the final
module mark
Indicative Content (Unit 1)

Project Management:

 This element will consider the techniques and skills needed to


manage capital projects.

Specifically the unit will cover :

 Verbal and written skills

 The project lifecycle: project planning, feasibility, evaluation


and control, Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) activity
sequencing, cost benefit analysis (discounted cash flow,
payback, return on investment ROI etc.) and project risk.
Indicative Content (Unit 1)

Team Problem Solving(TPS)

 TPS - a key skill needed by engineers and


companies

 Here, students apply practically the TPS framework


via tutorial exercises
EAT 340 Schedule (Insert Schedule for International Centres)

UNIT WK Lesson Lecture topic Tutorial Tutorials


1 9 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE MODULE + PROJECT 1 TEAM FORMING AND BUILDING H/out (LAS)
MANAGEMENT
1 10 2 Verbal communication skills 2 Group Prep. for presentation
1 11 3 Feasibility of Projects 3 Group presentations : peer review (seq)
1 12 4 Written communication Skills 4 Reviewing and drafting +
Group Prep. for feasibility poster
1 13 5 Project Selection 5 Group Poster presentation – peer review (rotation)
1 14 6 Project Estimating 6 Group Prep. for project selection group report
1 15 7 Scope Definition & Project Planning 7 Mark reports and provide constructive peer f/back
1 16 8 Activity Sequencing and Scheduling 8 Group Prep. – complete Belbin questionnaire (group)
1 17 9 Critical path method 9 Team interviews
1 18 10 Resource Sequencing and Scheduling 10 Group Prep. Personal review of work so far
1 19 11 Project Control and Quality 11 Multiple exercise session (revision)
1 20 12 Revision 12 Multiple exercise session (revision)
XMAS 21,22,23
24 REVISION
25 EXAM
2 26 1 Engineering structures
(assignment hand-out and ground rules)
2 27 2 Self-Awareness 13 Preferred representational style
2 28 3 Systems thinking 14 Lateral thinking quiz
2 29 4 Safety, Legislation, management systems 15 Risk assessments
2 30 5 Intro to Edmundo 16 Edmundo – round 1 ?
2 31 6 Marketing 17 Edmundo – round 2?
2 32 7 Human Resource Management (HRM) 18 Edmundo – round 3?
2 33 8 Finance 19 Edmundo – round 4?
2 34 9 Ethics 20 Edmundo – round 5?
EASTER 35,36,37
2 38 10 Team problem Solving techniques 21 Guitar poser/Sunscreen tube
2 39 11 GROUP PRESENTATIONS
2 40 12 GROUP PRESENTATIONS
EAT340 - Professional Engineering
Management Techniques

Project Management
Indicative Content
 Introduction to Project Management :
This session will consider:

 Definitions of Project Management and the


origins of Project Management as a discipline.
 Sources of information and professional bodies
in the field of Project Management
 General reasons why some projects fail
Learning Outcomes
On completion of todays session you should be able to:

 understand & list the distinguishing characteristics of


projects
 define the term project management
 understand & state the important factors of a project’s
context
 recognise the importance of the Project Management
Body of Knowledge
 understand & apply the concept of the project
management life cycle
 Identify examples of projects that have failed
 Give an example of a project that you
have undertaken or been involved with.

Discuss
 Let’s consider some general characteristics
of a project.

Discuss
Key Characteristics of Projects

 a clear start and finish


 a clear budget (overall & by work package)
 planning is required
 specific objectives are to be met (and/or)
 a specified product is to be created
 the project has a pre-determined schedule
 a lifecycle (passes through distinct phases)
 unique and non-repetitive tasks/activities
 single point of responsibility
Functional Work

 Functional work – is normally repetitive,


on-going and reasonably predictable.

 Give some example of functional work

Discuss
Operations Management

 Operations management – is a subject area that


is outside of the scope of project management
(PMBOK).

 an area of management concerned with on-


going production of goods and/or services
 ensuring that business operations continue
efficiently by optimising resources to meet
customer demands (materials, components, energy, labor)
& managing processes that transform inputs
into outputs (products, goods and/or services)
 What is a project?

Definition
PMI Definition of a Project

 ‘A project is a temporary endeavor


undertaken to create a unique product or
service. Projects are different from other
on-going operations in an organisation,
because unlike operations, projects have a
definite beginning and an end- they have a
limited duration’.
British Standards Definition of a Project

 A project is a unique set of co-ordinated


activities, with definite starting and
finishing points, undertaken by an
individual or organisation to meet specific
objectives within a defined schedule, cost
and performance parameters,
Triple Constraints of Projects
 Thinking about the key characteristics
and definitions of projects – now give an
example of a project that you have
undertaken or been involved with.

Discuss
Some Examples of Projects

 Constructing a building, Industrial plant,


Infrastructure
 Design/develop a new product or service
 Effecting a change in the structure, process,
staffing, or style of an organisation
 Developing or acquiring a new modified
information system (hardware or software)
 Conducting a research effort whose outcome
will be aptly recorded
 Implementing, improving, or enhancing existing
business processes and procedures
The New Wear Crossing Project (1)

 Three span cable stays bridge


 A frame pylon (105 M)
The New Wear Crossing Project (2)

 $117.6 Million Project (Private & Public Sector)

 PM – Farrans Construction & Victor Buyck Steel


Construction.

 Castletown (North) A1231 – Pallion (South)


B1405

 Scheduled to open Spring 2018


Other Project Examples

 Nissan Leaf / Lithium-ion Battery Plant


 Rio 2016 Olympics & Paralympics
 Toronto 2017 Invictus Games

 International Centers may insert project of


relevance to their centre here
Costa Concordia Parbuckling Project
(April – September 2013 – Giglio – Genoa)

One of the biggest salvage operations in maritime history


 What is project management?

Define
PMBOK Project Management (1)

 Project Management is the application of


knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to
project activities to meet the project
requirement.

 PM is accomplished through appropriate


application and integration of 47 logically
grouped processes, categorised into 5
process groups:
PMBOK Project Management (2)

 PMBOK –Project Management Bodies of


Knowledge
 Several professional bodies have proposed
knowledge frameworks:
 PMI – Project Management Institute (USA)
 APM - Association of Project Managers (UK)

 Some differences, but general agreement on


key elements within P.M.
 PMBOK provided by the PMI is a good example
PMBOK (5th Edition) Areas of Knowledge

1. Project integration management


2. Project scope management
3. Project time management
4. Project quality management
5. Project human resources management
6. Project communication management
7. Project risk management
8. Project procurement management
9. Project cost management
10.Project stakeholder management
PMBOK

BOK elements determining the deliverable


objectives of the project:
 scope
 time
 cost
 quality
PMBOK

BOK knowledge areas providing a means of


achieving the deliverable objectives:
 integration
 human resources
 communication
 risk
 procurement & contract
PMBOK (5th Edition) Process Groups

 Project Management Process Groups:

1. Initiating
2. Planning
3. Executing
4. Monitoring & controlling
5. Closing
The Project Lifecycle (1)

 Generally considered to be four stages


within the life cycle (e.g. Burke) (Smith)
1. Concept and Initiation – establishes need or opportunity,
feasibility of project is investigated (two separate stages)
2. Design & Development – uses guidelines to design product,
service etc. and develop detailed plans for implementing the
project
3. Implementation (Execution) – implements plan as in baseline
plan developed in previous phase (procurement &
construction)
4. Commissioning and Handover (Transfer) – confirms the
project has been implemented and the project is terminated
(commission & operate)
The Project Lifecycle (2)

 Key points:

 Potential to influence the project is highest


during the concept and design phases.
 Rate of effort and expenditure is higher during
the implementation phase.
 Normally some knowledge transfer occurs
between phases
 Each of the four main phases can be managed
as a separate project.
The Project Lifecycle (3)
Project Management

 Project Management – ‘Not Rocket Science’

 It’s common sense, isn’t it?


Project Management

 Wind aerolasics effect on the Tacoma Narrows


Suspension Bridge (1940)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mclp9QmCGs

 Faulty calculations, things deemed to be


unimportant
Project Management

 Channel Tunnel (1988 – 1994, 80% over budget)


 Wembley Stadium (Opened 2007 [1 year late])
 Quantas A380 (problems with complex wiring)
 Boeing 787 Dreamliner (In service problems
[Lithium- ion batteries])
Failed Projects Grab Headlines

 Commonwealth Games, India 2010

(Imagindia Institute estimated loss of 90 billion $


over 3 years in India’s Quaility of project
Management Insurance – loss of confidence)
Google Car (Research – Commercialisation)

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-09-12/google-car-project-loses-
leaders-and-advantage-as-rivals-gain
Next Steps
 Attend the introductory tutorial

 Secure copies of the relevant texts


 Read Lesson 1 & 2 of the study guide and
read around the subject using the core
recommended text/s.

 Prepare for next weeks lecture and tutorial


sessions