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• The most common type of continuous vacuum

filter.
• Vacuum system is attached.
• Well suited to slurries, and liquids with a high
solid content.
• The drum is pre-coated with a filter medium,
typically of diatomaceous earth (DE), perlite
or purified wood cellulose.
• The surface of the drum is divided into
different section by stripes. (Cake formation
zone, washing zone, dewatering zone.
• The liquid and slurries to be filtered is sent to the slurry tub below the drum.

• The liquid and slurries is sucked by vacuum through a moving drum to deposit a
cake of solids.

• The solids (cake) adhere to the outside of the drum is moved out of the washing
zone and dewatering zone (remove liquid).

• Then passes a knife, cutting off the solids and a small portion of the filter (fresh
media surface) that will enter the liquid as the drum rotates.

• The knife advances automatically as the surface is removed.


ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
The rotary vacuum drum filter is a continuous and Due to the structure, the pressure difference is limited
automatic operation - operating cost is low. up to 1 bar.

The variation of the drum speed rotating can be used Besides the drum, other accessories, for example,
to control the cake thickness. agitators and vacuum pump, are required.

The process can be easily modified (pre-coating filter The discharge cake contains residual moisture.
process).

Can produce relatively clean product by adding a High energy consumption by vacuum.
showering device.
• A type of continuous filter employing an
endless belt as the filter medium, onto which
the feed slurry is fed.
• Solid/liquid separation processes, (dewatering
of sludges in the chemical industry, mining and
water treatment).
• The process of filtration is primarily obtained
WORKING PRINCIPLE:
by passing a pair of filtering cloths and belts Sludge in the feed hopper is squeezed between two filter cloths
through a system of rollers. (shown green and purple). Fluid is extracted initially by gravity,
then by squeezing the cloth through rollers. Filtrate exits
• The system takes a sludge or slurry as a feed, through a drain, while solids are scraped off into a container.
and separates it into a filtrate and a solid cake.
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
Simple and reliable, with good availability, low Odor problems.
staffing, easy maintenance and a long life.

Easy to adjust and monitor. Less effective at processing some feeds.

Designed to handle excess capacity, has low initial Costly when processing a feed with varying solids
costs and low energy running costs. content as this requires more operator attention,
raising staffing costs.
Screening of slurry to avoid sharp object that will
damage the belt.