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Erika Paredes

ECD 420
 Distinguish between low and high self
 Learn strategies in how to improve self-
 Learn a clear understanding about self-
 Know the reasons behind self-esteem
What exactly is Self- Esteem
• Self-esteem is the judgment or
opinion we hold about ourselves.
It’s the extent to which we
perceive ourselves to be
worthwhile and capable human
• Self-esteem is the picture we
have of ourselves.
• Self-esteem can be changed or
changed at any age.
Self-Esteem Assessment
 Yes No Are children born with self-esteem?
 Yes No Was your child born with high self-esteem?
 Yes No Do you Praise your child?
 Yes No Does the caregiver preform a power in a child’s self
 Yes No Does negative modeling affect the child self esteem?
 Yes No Does positive modeling influence the child’s self esteem?
 Yes No Do you think you can “give” a child confidence?
 Yes No Does bullying affect a child’s self esteem?
 Yes No Child that has a high self-esteem they are more social?
 Yes No When a child suffers a negative experience does it affect
their self-esteem?
Self-Esteem Graph


6 Yes

Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 Question 5 Question 6 Question 7 Question 8 Question 9 Question 10
Some Common Signs of Low Self-Esteem
• Exaggerated bragging
• Resorting to numerous attention-getting behaviors
such as clowning, acting overly silly, teasing,
complaining, exhibiting both verbal and physical
• Very reactive to ups and downs of daily life –
failure can be devastating, even on minor issues
• Being self-critical and always apologizing
• Easily influenced by peers
• Blaming
• Reluctance to learn new things or avoiding a
• Over-reacting to things and situations
• Being unable to make choices or solve problems
• Putting themselves down
High Self-Esteem
• People with high self-esteem:
• Like to meet new people
• Don’t worry about how others will judge
• Have the courage to express themselves
• Lives’ are enriched with each new
• Are nicer to be around
• Ideas are met with interest because others
want to hear what they have t say.
• Are magnets to positive opportunities

• Have an “ I THINK I CAN” attitude!!!!!

Low Self-Esteem
• People with low self-esteem:
• Don’t believe in themselves
• See themselves failing before they even begin
• Have a hard time forgiving their mistakes and
make themselves pay the price forever
• Believe they can never be as good as they should
be or as good as others
• Are afraid to show their creativity because they
will be ridiculed
• Are dissatisfied with their lives
• Spend most of their time alone
• Complain and criticize
• Worry about everything and do nothing
• Have an “I CAN’T DO IT” attitude
Positive Experiences
 You felt secure, safe, and trusting of your environment.
 You felt special or unique. You felt worthwhile.
 You felt important and appreciated by someone whose opinion
you valued.
 You had a goal or purpose. You were successful in achieving
what you wanted.
 You felt that you made a difference. You felt capable.

The positive experience that you had probably satisfied a

basic emotional need. It helped reinforce a belief in your own
value as a person
Five Feelings that Nurture High Self-
1. A sense of Security: a feeling of trust or
2. A sense of Self-hood: knowing who you
really are.
3. A sense of Affiliation: a sense of belonging.
4. A sense of Mission: a feeling of purpose,
direction and responsibility.
5. A sense of Competence: feeling like you are
capable and successful in the things you do.
Building Block
1. Use “praise words” or “empowering words” often with your
2. Give compliments every chance you get
3. Acknowledge special efforts. Notice when your children do
something special, such as display their best manners at a
4. Recognize each good decision
5. Avoid put-downs, even as jokes. . Children take them seriously.
6. Praise academic achievements. An “A” is great but it is not the
only grade deserving of praise.
7. Don’t compare your children. It may cause resentment. Each
child is different and special!
• There are two types of
• Self-esteem can affect
children and adults.
• Low self-esteem can have
several affects.
• We do not compare
ourselves with others, we
have to love ourselves.
 Block, J., & Robins, R. W. (1993). A longitudinal study of consistency and change in
self‐esteem from early adolescence to early adulthood. Child development, 64(3), 909-923.

 Donnellan, M. B., Trzesniewski, K. H., Robins, R. W., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2005). Low
self-esteem is related to aggression, antisocial behavior, and delinquency. Psychological
science, 16(4), 328-335.
 Jordan, C. H., Spencer, S. J., Zanna, M. P., Hoshino-Browne, E., & Correll, J. (2003).
Secure and defensive high self-esteem. Journal of personality and social psychology,
85(5), 969.
 Painter, J. E., Borba, C. P., Hynes, M., Mays, D., & Glanz, K. (2008). The use of theory in
health behavior research from 2000 to 2005: a systematic review. Annals of Behavioral
Medicine, 35(3), 358.
 Rimm, S. B. (1996). Dr. Sylvia Rimm's Smart Parenting: How to Raise a Happy, Achieving
Child. Three Rivers Press.