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Elementary Students and Teachers Perception about Homework

Praharesti Eriany
Mellisa Shovelin Sahetapy
Fransisca Kurnia
Intan Purnamasari
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Angelia Astri Hermatika
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Introduction

Homework (HW) is still controversial :


Students don’t like HW but think that it is usefull for them (Hallam, 2004)
In Turanli’s research (2009)  HW doesn’t make student motivated or
understand the lesson but could improve their study time.
HW provides student to practice and improve critical and problem solving
skills (Cuadros et al, 2007)

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The difficulty of the problem students need help from other family
member  HW could improve communication between students, teachers
and parents.
Finland education  high quality education in the world : short school
hours, no assign task until 4th grade. HW and test only given to teenage
students.

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Cooper (Morgenweck, 2006) stated that HW has the greatest effect on


the achievement of high school students but minimal effect on elementary
students

This study aim to identify elementary student and teacher perception to


some HW isues.

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Types of Homework

Practice

Preparation

Extension

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Students Perception

Students appreciate the teachers who regularly assign reasonable amount


and difficulty of HW assignment.

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Causes of HW problems 7

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Teacher Perception

HW is one method to increase student engagement and time with academic


task. Student who complete HW academically outperform than student who
do not complete HW.
The reason teacher give HW : help student practice skills, prepare for exam,
develop good work habits, life skill, critical thinking and motivate student to
learn.

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Method

Scale :
a. Students perception about HW
b. Teacher perception about HW
Subject :
129 fifth grade students (70 boys and 59 girls) and 15 teachers from three
different school around Semarang, Central Java.
Data were analyzed by using descriptive analysis

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Result
Students perception about HW
2%
Very important
21%
Important

Less Impotant

77%

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Teacher Perception about HW

27%

Very
Important

73% Important

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Person ask for help

6%
14% 32% Mother

Father

Tutor
33%
16% Brother/Sister

Others

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Reasons not doing HW

6%
14% Forgot

Lazy
13%
58%
Difficult

Tired

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Parent check student assignment book

23% 26%

Everyday

Sometimes

Never
51%

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Teacher check the HW Assignment


1%

28%
38%
Very often

Often

Sometimes

33%
Never

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The difficulty of HW

11% 9%

Very Easy

37% Easy
49%
Difficult

Very diifficult

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Benefit of HW (teacher)

26%
Increase student skill

7% Understand the lesson


60%
7% Managing time

Understand the lesson

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Consequence for not doing homework (teacher)

26%
Scolded
47%

Punished

27% Others

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Discussion 19

Students and teachers viewed HW is important. Mostly the assignment were exercise (91%) and just only (2%) for
reading. The purpose of HW not only to increase students skiils but also develop life skill

The impact of homework : reducing play increase achievement (41%) score and skiils (33%)

The most reason for not doing HW because they forgot (58%). So,it is important for students and parents to check
the assignment book daily.

In case students have difficulties in doing their assignment, they will seek help from the tutor (33%) and mother (32%).
Seeking help from family members is common (Morgenweck, 2006) but seeking help from tutor as the fisrt person
seems to be a new finding.

Checking the assignment book : 26% students viewed their parents checked their assignment book daily but 23%
viewed their parents never checked the book. Maybe this was one of the cause student forgot the assignment because
they still need external control.

Difference between boys and girls : the second and third reason girls didn’t do their HW because the assignment is difficult (20%)
and lazy (8%) but for boys is because they are lazy (17%) and the assignment is difficult (9%). Girls exhibit more desirable work
habits and attitudes toward HW (Hong, Wan, Peng, 2011). The level of difficulties in HW assignment need to be considered appropriate
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to student abilities.
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The implication for the next study

Parents perception about homework

the difference between the type of school


(formal school, homeschooling, jungle school)
perception about homework
Perception about homework between junior
and senior high school students
special needs student perception about
homework and setting an intervention program
for them

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