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PRESENTED BY: AKASH RANABHAT & ARJUN SINGH

CONTENTS
• INTRODUCTION
• TYPES
• HISTORY
• EUTHANASIA AND RELIGION
• FACTS
• ARGUMENTS FOR EUTHANASIA
• ARGUMENTS AGAINST
EUTHANASIA
• CASES
INTRODUCTION
• Greek word: Eu(Good) + Thanatos (death) =
Euthanasia
• Act or practice of killing or permitting the death
of hopelessly sick or injured individuals in a
relatively painless way for reasons of mercy.
• Painless or peaceful death
TYPES OF EUTHANASIA
• ACTIVE EUTHANASIA:
Intentionally causes death
Example: Lethal injection,
Overdose
• PASSIVE EUTHANASIA:
Pulling the plug or by giving
them inadequate medicine.
• VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA:
Patient’s own request. E.g.:
Living will
• INVOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA:
Decision made by family
members or spouse, when
the patient can’t make their
own decision.
HISTORY
First official Groups petition Belgium
statue in the UN to amend India also legalize
outlawing the Declaration of adopted the passive
physician assisted human rights to Euthanasia euthanasia under
suicide occurred include certain
in New York. euthanasia. law. circumstances.

1939–
1828 1952 1994 2001 2008 2011
1945

Germany Netherlands US state of


during , First Washington
World war country to legalizes
II, Mercy allow assisted
killing was Euthanasia. euthanasia.
performed.
EUTHANASIA AND RELIGION
• ISLAM: Against euthanasia as they believe all human life is sacred as it is given by Allah.
• CHRISTIANITY: Mostly against as they emphasize not interfering with the natural process of
death.
• JUDAISM: Jewish thinker perform voluntary euthanasia under limited circumstances.
• SHINTO’s think you should allow a person die if he asks for.
• HINDU’s think helping a person ending a painful life is good but interferes cycle of death and
rebirth.
FACTS
*10 countries have legalized euthanasia out of
total 196 countries.
*Done by giving lethal doses of drugs or
painkillers.
*There is a tradition of forced euthanasia in
south India.
*In 2010, Movie called Guzaarish portrayed
Euthanasia.
*Though Euthanasia is still illegal in England,
King George V was euthanised.
ARGUMENTS FOR EUTHANASIA
• Everyone has a right to decide when their life should end.
• Provides a way to relieve extreme pain.
• Frees up medical fund to help other people.
• Right to die with dignity.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST
EUTHANASIA
• Devalues human life
• Hippocratic Oath taken by
doctors.
• Euthanasia may weaken patients.
• Transform hospitals into unsafe
place.
• Leads to the decline of care of
terminally ill people.
• Euthanasia will became
economical.
• Religions , fancy words for murder
ARUNA SHANBAUGH CASE
• Nurse at KEM hospital in
Mumbai
• In 1973, she was strangled
and sodomised by
Sohanlal walmiki, sweeper.
• Supreme court made its
decision on 7th march,
2011 but rejected the plea
to discontinue her life
support.
• Died in 18 may, 2015 due
to pneumonia.
THANK YOU