Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

Precast

Precast concrete is a method of printing


components of mechanization in the factory or
workshop to give time hardening and gain
strength before it is installed.
a. Advantages of Precast Concrete
• Control of technical quality can be achieved, because the production
process is done in the factory and laboratory testing
• The timing of the shorter
• Can reduce development costs
• Not affected by weather

b. Constraints Precast
Requires a large initial investment and advanced technology
It takes finesse and accuracy
Required production equipment (transport and erection)
Building on a large scale
• Building with Precast Construction method
• a. A series of activities performed in the production process
are:
• 1. Making the framework of reinforcement
• 2. mold making
• 3. Preparation of concrete mix
• 4. Casting concrete
• 5. Care (curing)
• 6. Completion of the final
• 7. Storage
b. Transport and conveyance
Transportation is the removal of precast elements from the factory to the
installation site. Transportation systems affect the time, the efficiency of the
construction and transport costs.
Noteworthy in the transportation system are:
• Specification transport tool
• Route transport
• Licensing
Lifting equipment is moving elements of a buildup to the position of the connection
(assembly).

Lifting equipment for installing precast concrete can be categorized as follows:


1. Crane mobile
2. telescopic cranes
3. Crane Tower
4. Crane portal
c. Implementation Construction (Erection)
Methods and types of precast construction are:
a) Assembled per element
b) Lift - Slab System

Is the binding element of the column to the floor using a hydraulic jack.
The principle of construction is as follows:
• Floor plates using reinforced concrete cast on the lower floor
• The column is a vertical load dealer can as precast elements or cast in place.
• Once the floor is strong enough can be removed one by one with a hydraulic jack.
c) Slip - Form System
In this system the concrete is poured over the steel mold which can move upward climb following the
addition of wall height is concerned.
d) Push - Up / Jack - Block System
In this system on the roof top floor first cast dalu then lifted upward with hidranlic - jack mounted
below the vertical support element.
e) Box System
construction using dimensional form of modules concrete cube.
• PRINCIPLE constructional

• The following principles can be applied to structural design:

• structure consists of a number of types of components that have functions


such as beams, columns, walls, floor plate, etc.
• Each tip [E component should have a slight difference
• The system should be simple and the same connection with one another,
so that these components dap [at formed by the same method and using
a tool similar
• Components must be able to be used to perform several functions
• The components must be suitable for a variety of circumstances and are
available in a wide range of sizes of production
• Component-component must have the same weight so that they are
saving bias disussun using the same equipment
There are three kinds of prefabricated
construction:

a. Manufacture in a factory, where the


components are easy to build and convenient to
transport
b. Making the site by using mechanical tools
c. The series of components assembled into
components broader
• Classification System Precast Concrete
• Precast system is divided into two categories, namely:

• a. As a component of the structure

• Concrete piles and system connection
• There are several forms of piles. The most common form is a massive square, because most easily made. Another variant is a hollow
spherical shape (spinning) in a round mold.

• Prefabricated Floor Plates
• In 1984, the components of precast floor became known in Indonesia in the construction of the tower BDNI. Common format is
prestressed hollow plate (hollow core slab).

• Girder bridge and flyover
• This component is very popular because it is obviously easier bibandingkan steel structure. The first variant of the slab-shaped void, the
prestressing system pratarik, berbentu variant I, the prestressing system pascatarik, Y-shaped variant, variant-shaped box with a system
of prestressed pascatarik.

• Plaster
• Geotechnical structures whose function is to plant a high diversity of land, for example, the structure of the excavation, pool or heap.

• Bearing Rail
• Since the Dutch era popular wood used to prepare for the sleepers.
b. As the system structure

System Waffle Crete (1995)


These systems include the category of bearing wall system with precast components such as floor panels and reinforced concrete wall panels which are
connected with steel bolts.

Column-Slab System (1996)


The advantages of this system lies in the structural design elements and installation practicality. Installation is very fast ie two days perlantai building.

System L Shape Wall (1996)


Its main components are precast reinforced concrete walls L, which serves also as a bearing wall.

All Load Bearing Wall System (1997)


Pracetaknya component is a component of the walls and floors of massive reinforced concrete 20 cm thick, the wall system bearers.

Jasubakim Building Systems (1998)


This system includes a hybrid composite precast system category rare form. This system combines the monolith of conventional, formwork and precast. The
precast components apart is the structure also serves as a formwork and scaffolding for concrete cast in place.

Bresphaka Systems (1999)


Characteristic of this system is the use of lightweight concrete material for components of lightweight concrete columns and balok.Bahan primarily coarse
aggregate made of light gray. Another characteristic that is T-shaped columns and other components are beams and plates.

System, cerucuk Concrete Mattress


The solution is to use the system cerucuk concrete mat can be installed as deep as planned with melakuakn connecting ring, and so can be obtained
carrying capacity, decrease and the desired level of stability.
TRANSPORTATION AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS ERETION REFABRIKASI

a. Prefabricated components precast concrete units can be said economical only if the cost of transport and of overall
production secra eresktion significantly lower than the cost of conventional concrete (concrete in situ).
b. Transportation and erection munghkin value can be kept low if the mechanical engineering in improved
manufacturing
c. There are basically two forms of transport:
1. Transportation highway
2. Transportation by rail
d. Some things to consider in the selection of transport
1. The distance transport - ekomonis distance of 200 km
2. The dimensions of the object to be transported
3. The volume of the transported objects - a minimum of 400 units
4. Frequency of transport
5. The nature of the object material to be transported
6. Time available
7. The distribution of the construction site
8. Location of project and Accessibility
9. Costs are available
10. Legalization sdistem transport