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At the time of disaster both government and non-
government play a crucial role in preparing
society. Home guard, civil defense, volunteer
of national service scheme, Nehru Yuva
Kendra sagam too play major role at times of
India with its federal system of government has
specific role for central and government.
Country has an integrated administrative
machinery for management of disaster at
national, state, district level. The basic
responsibility of undertaking rescue, relief and
rehabitation in event of natural disaster is with
the concerned state government. The central
government supplements the effort of state
government by providing finical and logistic
National level
The response from the central government is
based keeping in view the following
factor :
1. The gravity of disaster
2. The scale of relief operation
3. The requirement of central assistance
4. for argumenteing finical resource
5. logistic support at the disposal of state
State level
The role of central government is to support
terms of physical and financial resource . The
chief minister and chief secretary of states
heads a state level committee which is in
overall charge of relief operation in state and
relief commissioner who in charge of relief
and rehabitation measures of natural disaster
Village level
At village level , the village disaster management
committee is headed by sarpanch/village head
men is responsible for village disaster
management plans and coordinating with
various agencies for providing training to
disaster management team. Members should
see to it that mock drills are carried out
Un disaster management
team (undmt)-India
Un office for coordinating humilities affairs (UN
OCHA) is responsible for international disaster
response. in, India undmt,
represents various agencies to
implement disaster response
preparedness and mitigation effort and strengthen
government capacity on disaster risk
management. UNDMT has representation from
various UN agencies such as, UNFPA, UNICEF,
WFP, and WHO.
The national cadet corp. a body
formed in 1948 aims at:

Developing qualities of courage, character,

leadership, secular, spirit of adventure ,
sportsmanship and idle of selfless service
among youth to make them useful citizen.
Civil defense aims at saving life,
minimizing damage to property and
maintaining community of industrial
production in the event of hostility
attack. The two war emergencies faced by country in
1962 and 1965 and 1965 compelled the government of
India to reorient its emergency training activities from natural
disaster to those concerning protection of life and property
against enemy action so, national defense college was
founded at Nagpur as central emergence relief training
institute(CERT) to function as training wing of emergency
Nehru yuva Kendra's was launched in 1972 as
part of silver jubilee celebration of India’s
independence. This was on recommendation of
national board on youth with objective of
providing the non-students rural youth avenues
to take part in national building activities and
also to provide opportunity for development of
their own personality and skills.
Home guard is a voluntary force, first raised in
India in December, 1946 to assist the police in
controlling civil disturbances an communal
rights. Subsequently, the concept of voluntary
citizens force was adopted by several states. In
the wake of Chinese aggression in 1962 the
centre advice the states and union territories to
merge their existing voluntary organizations
into one uniform voluntary force known as
home guards.

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