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EXPANDED

PROGRAM
IMMUNIZATION
EXPANDED PROGRAM IMMUNIZATION

FULLY IMMUNIZED CHILD


CHILD GIVEN COMPLETED VACCINE 1 DOSE OF BCG 3
DOSES OF OPV, 3 DOSES OF PETAVALENT 1 DOSE OF
MEASLES VACCINE AGAINST 8 COMMUNICABLE
CHILDHOOD DISEASES BEFORE REACHING 1 YEAR OLD.
1.BACILLUS CALMETTE- GUERIN ( BCG )
Most effective for disseminated forms of TB
(miliary TB ) TB Meningitis & Leprosy.
Given at birth or anytime after birth 1 dose at right deltoid
region of the arm.
TB Disease – droplet infection that is through inhalation of
mycobacterium tuberculosis from positive patients.
Signs and syptoms
• Cough of two weeks or more
•Fever
•Chest or backpains
•Significant weight loss
•Hemoptysis or recurrent blood steaked sputum
-Body malaise, shortness of breath & fatigue
2.PENTAVALENT VACCINE 5 IN 1 VACCINE
Diptheria ,Pertussis,Tetanus,Hepatitis B &Haemophilus Influenza type B
vaccine.
DISEASES

DIPTHERIA- Person to person droplets caused by


Corynebacterium diphteria.
Signs and symptoms
•Sore throat,loss of apptetite & slight fever.
COMPLICATIONS:
•Abnormal heart beats
•Inflammation of heart muscles and valves.

Treatment
Diptheria Anti toxin and antibiotics.

Prevention
Active immunization
PERTUSSIS
Whooping cough, a bacterial infection caused by
Bordetella pertussis primarily direct contact with
discharges from respiratory & mucous membranes of
infected persons.Serious complication result to death.

Signs and Syptoms


•Colds and cough

Prevention
Immunization
NEONATAL TETANUS
Acute disease induced by toxin of Clostridium tetani,usually occurs
through contamination of the unhealed stump of the umbilical
cord,characterized by rigid muscles and painful muscles spasms.

Prevention
Immunization
HEPATITIS B
It is a liver infection caused by the B type of hepatitis virus.It attacks
the liver resulting inflammation.

Prevention
Immunization of hepatitis B vaccine.
Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib)
Acute communicable disease caused by influenza virus and
characterized by abrupt onset of fever,chilly sensation or chills,aches or
pains in the back and limbs,sore throat,cough and colds.

Prevention
Immunization
3.ORAL POLIO VACCINE
Oral drops given for protection against poliomyelitis.

Poliomylitis
Acute flaccid paralysis caused by polio virus type 1,2 & 3, through
fecal oral route with infected person.

Prevention
Active Immunization
4.MEASLES VACCINE
Vaccine against Measles disease.

Measles
Acute disease caused by measles virus, highly infectious, everyone
exposed gets the disease if not immune & transmitted through contact
with respiratory secretions.
Signs & Symptoms
•Fever
•Cough, Coryza, Conjunctivitis
•Rashes in the face,body and extremities.

Complication
Blindness,Encephalitis,Pneumonia & Diarrhea

Prevention
Immunization
5.MEASLES MUMPS RUBELLA VACCINE
Vaccine prevents from measles,mumps and rubella disease.

Mumps
Acute contagious disease caused by paramyxovirus, the characteristics feature
of which is the swelling of one or both of parotid glands.
Signs & Symptoms
•Painful swelling in front of ear,angle of jaws & down the neck.
•Fever
•Body Malaise
•Loss of appetite
•Swelling of one or both testicles
Prevention
Immunization
Rubella
Contagious viral disease characterized by fever,symptoms of mild upper
respiratory tract infection,lympnode enlargement and maculopapular
rash.

Prevention
Immunization
6.PNEUMOCOCCAL CONJUGATE VACCINE
Prevent against pneumonia disease.

Pneumonia
Acute infectious disease of the lungs caused by pneumococcus or diploccocus
pneumoniae resulting in the consolidation of one or more lobes either one or both
lungs.

Signs & Symptoms


•Rhinitis/common colds
•Chest indrawing
•Rusty sputum
•Productive cough
•Fast respiration
•High fever
•Vomiting at times
•Flushed face
•Pain over affected lung
•Highly colored urine
Prevention
Active Immunization.
“And whatever things you ask in
prayer,believing,you will receive.”
Matthew 21:22

THANK YOU