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CHILD LABOUR

IN BANGLADESH

Photo Credit: www.theindependentbd.com


BRIEF OUTLINE

1. Background
 Current Situation
2. Child Labor Protection
 Legal Protection & Economic Exploitation
3. Awareness & Solution
 Access to Education and Social Norms
1. BACKGROUND

1.1 What is child labour?


Child Labour is a narrower concept than
“working children”.

There are about 3.2 million child labourers in


Bangladesh.

Among child labourers only 25% attend


school. Photo Credit: www.pinterest.dk
1. BACKGROUND (CONTD.)
• Ages 5-11: 1 hour economic work
28 hours domestic works per week.

• Ages 12-14: 14 hours of economic


28 hours of domestic work per week.

• Ages 15-17: 43 hours work per week.


1.2 CURRENT SITUATIONS

 Children are forced to works.

 Children are often denied their rights to


education and playtime.

 Vulnerable to trafficking, abuse, violence and


exploitation.
1.3 KEY STATISTICS

Working Children, aged 5-17 7.4 million


Working Children, aged 5-14 4.7 million
Child Labourers, aged 5-17 3.2 million
Percentage of children (aged 5-14) engaged National Slum Tribal
in child labour (2006)
12.8 19.1 17.6
2. CHILD LABOUR PROTECTION

2.1 Legal Protection in Bangladesh

• Prohibits employment of children under 14


years of age.
• Prohibits hazardous forms of child labour for
under age 18.
• Concern about their mental and physical
developments.
Photo Credit: www.unicef.org
2. CHILD LABOUR PROTECTION (CNTD.)
2.2 Child Labour and Education

• Education is free and compulsory up to grade


eight.
• Reduce primary educational expenses.
• Children living in slums often move frequently
due to evictions, civic unrest and employment
instability.
• As a result, working children get stuck in low
Photo Credit: www.unicef.org
paying and low-skilled jobs.
2. CHILD LABOUR ISSUES
2.3 Abuse, Exploitation and Violence
• Hidden jobs are at risk of abuse and
exploitation.
• Children receives accommodation,
clothes & food.
• Employer becomes violent with
children at workplace.
• Children work in hazardous jobs.
These hazards include:
- physical Photo Credit: www.dhakacourier.com.bd

- psychological
- sexual abuse
2. CHILD LABOUR ISSUES (CNTD.)

2.4 Trafficking and commercial sexual


exploitation

• Risk of trafficking as they seek a


better life.
• Lured by false promises of jobs or
marriage proposals.
• Children are beaten and many of
them often raped.
Photo Credit: www.thedailystar.net
3. AWARENESS & SOLUTIONS
 Providing access to education
– Government project called Basic Education for
Hard to Reach Urban Working Children
(BEHTRUWC).
 Changing social norms
– child labour is unacceptable.
– guaranteeing the rights of working children.
– messages through social communities and
media.
Photo Credit: www.worldvision.org.uk  Strengthen legal protection against child labour
3. AWARENESS & SOLUTIONS (CNTD.)

 Providing services to working


children.

 Building the capacity of child-


protection workers.

 Social protection for vulnerable


children.
Photo Credit: www.clu-mole.gov.bd
4. CONCLUSION
The process of replacing the 1974 Children Act with a new act is in its final
stages. The 1974 law as well as the new draft provides penalties for engaging
children in child labour. UNICEF is also supporting the development of the
National Children Policy 2010, which includes specific policies to protect
children from child labour.

Bangladesh has made commendable progress in increasing enrolment of


children in schools. But still 1.7 million children are working in the informal
sector of the economy, a majority of whom are involved in various types of
hazardous works. Therefore, the government should take all out efforts to
implement the National Child Labour Elimination Policy-2010 in order to
eliminate child labour from the country.
5. REFERENCES
• International Labour Organisation (ILO).(2006). Baseline Survey on Child Domestic Labour in Bangladesh.
Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Informationresources/WCMS_IPEC_PUB_4647/lang--en/index.htm
• Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.(2002-2003). Report on National Child Labour Survey. Retrieved from
https://www.unicef.org/emailarticle/bangladesh/children_4863.rhtml
• UNICEF, ILO, World Bank Group.(2009). Understanding Children’s Work in Bangladesh. Retrieved from
https://www.unicef.org/bangladesh/Child_labour.pdf
• UNICEF.(2008). Opinions of Children of Bangladesh on Corporal Punishment. Retrieved from
https://www.unicef.org/bangladesh/Child_labour.pdf
THANK YOU
EVERYONE

ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE…