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STATUS OF SAFETY
REGULATION IN INDIA

Copyright © 2012 Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. All rights reserved. 2


Current Safety Regulations – Passive Safety

SL no. Subject Applicable IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

IS 11939 : 1996 ECE R 12


Steering Control
1 Scope M1 & N1 GVW < 1500 kg All M1, & N1 GVW < 1500 kg
Systems
Requirements Same as ECE

ECE R 16
IS 15140 : 2003
Safety Belt Safety belt to be installed on Safety belt to be installed
2 Front outboard - 3 point
Assembly on All seat - 3 point with
All other - 2 point ELR with multiple
with or with out Retractor sensitivity.

IS 15139 : 2002
M1 & N1 category of vehicle
Safety Belt seat belt anchorage shall
3 ECE R 14
Anchorage withstand 1350 daN for 3 point &
2250 daN for 2 point.
Same as ECE

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Current Safety Regulations – Passive Safety
SL no. Subject Applicable IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

No ECE Regulation, Specific to


4 Side Door strength IS 12009 : 1995 India. IS 12009 is based on
FMVSS

IS 15546 : 2005 or AIS 016 ECE R 17 & ECE R 25


Applicable to M1 only All seats shall be fwd facing.
Seat Anchorage & Test Pulse - 20 g for 30 ms Applicable to both M1 & N1
5 their Head Head restraint shall be provided
Restraints for M1 Head restraint shall be provided for for front outboard seats.
front outboard seats. Height of Height of HR shall be 750
HR shall be 700 mm to 750 mm mm to 800 mm
Seat Anchorage &
AIS 023 : 2005 ECE R 80.01
their Head
6 Applicable to other than M1 &
Restraints other
Test Pulse - 8 g for 50 ms N1
than M1

AIS 72 : 2009
Child Restraint ECE R 44.04
7 Phase I : Provision for fitment of
System CRS on at least one designated ECE R 16.
seating position.

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Current Safety Regulations – Passive Safety

SL no. Subject Applicable IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

IS 15223 : 2002
8 Interior Fitting ECE R 21
Same as ECE

IS 13942 : 1994
9 External Projection ECE R 26
Same as ECE

AIS 006 : 2005


Only low speed Impact test is
10 Bumpers same as ECE ECE R 42
Other two optional tests:
1. Vibration Test
2. Four Poster Test

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Current Safety Regulations – Active Safety

SL no. Subject Applicable IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

1 Brakes without ABS IS 11852 : 2001 part 3 ECE R 13.09

Brakes with ABS


2 IS 11852 : 2001 part 9 ECE R 13.09
(If Fitted)

IS 11827 : 2008
3 Speedometers ECE R 39
Same as ECE

IS 11948 : 1999
4 Steering Equipment ECE R 79.01
Same as ECE

AIS 21 : 2004 77/649/EEC amended up to


5 Driver field of vision
Same as EEC 90/630/EEC

AIS 84 : 2008 part 1 & 2


6 Defrost & Demist 78/317/EEC
Same as EEC

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Current Safety Regulations – Active Safety

SL no. Subject Applicable IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

Windshield IS 15804 : 2008


7 78/318/EEC
Washing & Wiping Same as ECE

Devices for Indirect AIS 002 : 2001


8 ECE R 46
Vision Same as ECE

Door locks & IS 14225 : 1995


9 73/387/EEC
hinges Same as EEC

IS 15796 :2008
10 Horn Installation ECE R 28 / 93/130/EC
Same as ECE / EEC

AIS 008 : 2010 rev 1


11 Lighting Installation ECE R 48.03
Same as ECE

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Future Safety Regulation
SL no. Standard IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

AIS 096 : 2008


Applicable to All M1, & N1 (GVW <
1500 kg) ECE R 12.03
Behavior of steering Tests -
1 mechanism of All M1, & N1 up to GVW 1500
1. Frontal Impact with 48 kmph 100 %
Vehicles kg
overlap. exempted for M1 vehicle
of GVW < 2500 kg
2. Body block test with 24.1 kmph
3. Head Impact with 24.1 kmph
AIS 098 : 2008
2 Offset Frontal Impact Applicable to M1 GVW < 2500 kg ECE R 94.01
Same as ECE
AIS 099 : 2008
Applicable to M1 & N1 whose seat R
3 Side Impact Point is < 700 mm ECE R 95.02
Same as ECE
AIS 101 : 2012 ECE R 32
4 Rear Impact
Only Fuel Leakage with rear Impact ECE R 34.02

AIS 100 : 2010 78/2009/EEC


5 Pedestrian Protection
Same as EEC / GTR 9 GTR 9
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Future Safety Regulation
SL no. Subject Applicable IS / AIS Equivalent ECE

11852 H
Same as ECE R 13 H for Test
6 Brakes ECE R 13 H
Procedure
No ESC Requirement
AIS 72
Child Restraint ECE R 44
7 Phase II ISO fix Anchorage
System ECE R 16
requirements
IS 14225 : 1995 rev 1
8 Door locks & hinges GTR 1
Same as GTR 1

Anti Theft & AIS 75 : 2006


9 Vehicle Alarm AIS 76 : 2007 ECE R 116
System Same as ECE
AIS 016 : 2000
10 Luggage Retention ECE R 17.07
Same as ECE
Device for Indirect AIS 002 : 2011 rev 1 (Part 1)
11 ECE R 46.02
Vision Same as GTR
External Projection AIS 120 : 2014
12 ECE R 26.03
M1 Same as ECE
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Future Safety Regulation Roadmap
Standard Name IS / AIS 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Behavior of steering mechanism
AIS 096 ● ♦
of Vehicles

Offset Frontal Impact AIS 098 ● ♦

Side Impact AIS 099 ● ♦


Rear Impact AIS 101 TBD *
Pedestrian Protection AIS 100 ● ♦
Brakes IS 11852 H TBD *

Child Restraint System Phase II AIS 072 TBD *

Door locks & hinges IS 14225 TBD *


Anti Theft AIS 075 ● 6 Months after Final Notification
Vehicle Alarm System AIS 076 ● 6 Months after Final Notification
Luggage Retention AIS 016 TBD *
AIS 002 rev1
Devices for Indirect Vision ● 36 Months after Final Notification
(part 1)
External Projection M1 AIS 120 : 2014 ● 24 Months after Final Notification

● New Vehicle Models (Proposed) * TBD – To be Decided


♦ All Vehicle Models (Proposed) 10
Test Agencies In India Having Safety Test
Facility
 ARAI – Automotive Research Association India
 ARAI is situated at Pune & having both Active & Passive Safety testing
facilities
 iCAT – International Center for Automotive Technology
 iCAT is situated at Manesar & having both Active & Passive Safety testing
facilities
 GARC – Global Automotive Research Center
 GARC is situated at Chennai & having both Active & Passive Safety
testing facilities
 VRDE – Vehicle Research & Development Establishment
 VRDE is Situated at Ahemadnagar & having Active safety testing
facility

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Test Agencies - Crash test Facility
Establishment Timeline

Test Expected Readiness Remark


Agency
ARAI December
2014
iCAT April Pedestrian
2015 lab
completed
GARC December Pedestrian
2016 and Air bag
lab
completed

Data: NATRiP presentation in 47th AISC meeting, Aug’14

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