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FUNDAMENTALS OF

TELEVISION JOURNALISM
Topic: News Channel Operations

By
Dr. Fakir Mohan Nahak
Associate Professor
UIMS.

www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali


Course Objectives

•To understand Television as Mass Medium.

•To have understanding about Television Industry.


•To understand the basic skills of TV Journalism.

www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali


Topic Objectives

•Basic understanding of Television Channels.


• News Channel Operations.
• News Channel Management.
• Organisational structure of the TV News
Channels.

www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali


NEWS CHANNEL MANAGEMENT
•Television is not an one man show. Similarly
the News can not be managed by a single
person.
•It requires a team to manage the News
channel.
•The team consists of Journalists, Technicians,
Ground staffs, field managers and sales
persons.
•Journalists include the Copy Editors, Editors,
Executive Producers, Producers, Reporters and
Video Journalists.

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NEWS CHANNEL MANAGEMENT
•Technicians include the Panel Producer, The Online
Video Editor/Vision Mixer Engineer, The Audio
Engineer, The sting operator/CG Operator, Systems
Engineer, System administrator, Floor Manager,
Graphics designer, Video Editor, Post Production
head, Production Coordinator.
• The Ground/Support staff include the Make-up
artist, Hair dresser, Costume Executive, Spot boy and
office boy.
•The sales and Marketing team include the sales
executives, Publicity manager, Sales manager, Head
of sales.
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NEWS CHANNEL MANAGEMENT

PCR/MCR

DESK
News SALES
Channel

FIELD

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NEWS CONTENT MANAGEMENT

FIELD

TRANSMISSION

DESK

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ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF NEWS CHANNELS

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INPUT DESK
• Assignment desk
• Chief reporter-national and bureau reporter
• Stringer
• Agency feed
• Social media – Facebook, Twitter, whatsapp.
• Internet news sites.
• Other television news channel- Regional,
National, International.
• Print news

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INPUT IN CHARGE/ INPUT HEAD

• Responsible for all the news inputs


• All the live for the channel
• All the states stories
• All political guests for the shows
• All Reporter movements.
• All the inputs for the special shows
• All the inputs from all the stringer across the
nation
• All coordination with stringer and output
• And whatever required…….

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OUTPUT DESK
•Looks after the output of the channel.
•Handle all stories, inputs received from the input
desk.
•Making copy, Editing the story, Voice over, Value
addition, placement in the run down are done by
the output desk.
•All content put on the lower third/ticker of the
channel.
•Making back to back shows.
•Making promos, teasers for the channel.

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OUTPUT HEAD/ OUTPUT EDITOR
•Responsible for Final output of the channel.
•Decides the format of the stories.
•Decides the airtime of the stories.
•Assigns stories to different producers.
•Keeps coordination between field and desk.
•Keeps coordination with desk and PCR.
•Guides the Anchors, Run down producers.
•Monitors promos, teasers for the channel.
•Manages man power as well as content.

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KEY INGRADIENTS OF NEWS ROOM
• SCRIPT-WRITING TOOLS
• SHOW RUNDOWN
• PROMPTING CAPABILITY
• ARCHIVING
• WIRE ACCESS
• ASSIGNMENT DESK FUNCTIONS
• ARCHIVE AND WIRE WORD SEARCH
• INTERFACE WITH AUTOMATION SYSTEMS
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Course Outcome

•Students understand process of News channel


management.

•Students became aware about the dynamics of News


channels.

•Students came to know the basic difference between


various Editorial and Technical requirements of TV
News.

www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali


FAQ’S

•Concept of Television News Channel?


•Difference between Field and Desk?
•What is the role of sales team in TV News
channel?
•What the ground staffs do in TV News
channels?
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REFERENCES

•Audio visual journalism : B.N.Ahuja


• Bhatt, S.C. (1995) — “Broadcast Journalism
•Broadcast journalism: Andrew Boyd
•Video Production- Vasuki Belabadi, OUP

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