Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 43

QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY

REFLECTIVE WATER FOUNTAIN

TRAINING PRESENTATION

WATERMASTER (QATAR)
WATER FEATURE (REFLECTIVE WATER FOUNTAIN)
CLIENT - QATAR FOUNDATION
MAIN CONTRACTOR – BROOKFIELD MULTIPLEX MEDGULF

PROJECT - QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY (REF. NO - 1844B)


QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
TRAINERS
 Adolfo Espinosa– Project Manager
 Shadi Mansour – Site Manager
 Kajendran, S. – Site Engineer
 Eugenio Cabahug - T&C Engineer
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

QATAR FOUNDATION – QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY


QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

PLEASE FEEL FREE TO ASK ANY QUESTIONS


DURING PRESENTATION
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

Presentation Boundaries …….

 Key Plan For the System


 Water Feature and Pump Room Plan
 Flow Diagram
 System Equipments
 Sequence of the Operation
 Preventive Maintenance and Common Troubleshooting
 Tools
 Safety Control and Emergency Procedure
 Spare Parts
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

WATER FEATURE KEY PLAN


QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
FLOW DIAGRAM
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

• WATER FEATURE PLAN


QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
• WATER FEATURE PUMP ROOM KEY PLAN
AND PUMP ROOM INSIDE PLAN
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
• SYSTEM EQUIPMENTS

o Sand Filter With In built Pump


o Clear Fountain System
o Jet Nozzle Pump
o Jet Nozzle
o Drain Fitting
o Floor Inlet Fittings
o Under water Lights
o Air Blower
o Air Bubbler Diffuser
o Water Level Sensor
o Solenoid Valve
o GRP Tank
o Control Panel Board
o Motorized Valve
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Sand Filter with in built pump
The Oase Sand Filter model 50431 is coming with an in
built filter pump.
The Filter Pump Suck the water from the balancing tank
and discharge to the sand filter. After the filtration, water
will back to the balancing tank.
Sand Filter has multi port selector valve in order to
perform six different operations such as backwash, drain,
closed, filtration and rinse etc.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Clear Fountain System
The Oase chemical dossing system has been installed in
order to maintain the water quality of the fountain.
This System Consists with Chlorine dossing unit, Hydro
Chloric Acid Dosing Unit and Aluminium Sulphate Al 2(SO4)3
dosing Unit.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Jet Nozzle Pump
Two numbers of Oase End Suction Direct Coupled Centrifugal
Pumps have been installed in order to perform the Jet Operation.
One Jet Pump will be working and other one will be the stand by
pump. It will suck the water from the balancing tank and
discharge to the water feature through the jet nozzles and inlet
fittings.
This Jet pump will be operated by the Oase WECS II Controller in
order to making the water effects in the basin
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Jet Nozzles
Ten numbers of Oase Comet 10-12T Jet Nozzles have
been installed in order to perform the water effects in the
basin.
These nozzles are usually arranged in a group . All sizes
have a ball joint with which the jet can be pivoted up to 16°
from the vertical plane.
This feature makes it possible to generate interesting
water patterns.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Drain Fitting
Four Numbers of Astral Drain fittings have been installed
for the water fountain.
This Fitting’s Support ring in aluminium Grille in18/8/2
AISI-316 Stainless Steel and Complete with fixing screws.
Flow rate 27 m3/h.
The water fountain water will flow to the Balancing tank
through the Drain fittings under the Gravity.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Inlet Fitting
Four Numbers of Astral Inlet fittings have been installed
for the water fountain.
It Consists With chrome-plated brass body , grille in AISI-
316 Stainless steel and Maximum flow rate is 14m³/h.
Internal 2” thread.
The Jet pump discharge water will enter to the water
fountain through the Inlet and Jet Fittings.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Under Water Lights
Oase Profiplane LED Under water lights 10 numbers
have been installed in order to generate the lighting
effects at the night times.
These lights consist with Red , Green and Blue LED lights.
All LED lights are controlled by the Oase Water
Entertainment Control System Unit (WECS II ).
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Air Blower
 Two numbers of Astral Air Blowers have been installed
in order to generate the water bubbling effects in the
water fountain basin.

 Both two blowers are working together.

 The blower operation is controlled by the WECS II


Controller.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Air Bubbler Diffuser
Thirty Numbers of Air Diffusers have been installed in the
water fountain basin in order to diffuse the air which is
discharged by the blowers.
This air diffuser consists with stainless steel front cover.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Water level Sensor
One Water level sensor has been installed to take the
water level readings in the water fountain basin.
Water Fountain Basin Water level details which is
important to the system operation sequence will be
transmitted to the Oase WECS II controller by this WLS.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Water level Sensor and Solenoid Valve for the Balancing
Tank
One Water level sensor has been installed to take the
water level readings in Balancing tank.
The sensor will transmit a signal to the solenoid valve
which is located in the main water supply line according to
the tank inside water level.
If it is in low level the solenoid valve will open and fill the
water to the tank.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
GRP Balancing Tank
One number of GRP Sectional Water tank has been installed with
9 cubic meter capacity in side of the pump room in order to keep
the water stock for the water fountain.
Filter pump will suck the water from the this balancing tank and
discharge again to the tank after filtration process.
One make up water line which is controlled by the solenoid valve
has been provided in order to operate according to the water
fountain water level.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Electrical Control Panel
One number of Custom made Electrical Panel Board has been
installed in order to operate the All equipments.
Oase WECS II Controller is located in side of this panel board.
Main Panel Board consists with accessories such as Main
isolator, Miniature Circuit Breakers, Current transformers and
timers.
The operator can change the Operation “Manual” or
“Automatic”.
If “automatic” is selected system will be operated by WECS II
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Water Fountain Operation Sequence

Jet Operation Bubbling Operation +


Starts+ Lighting Lighting

Drain the water until Calm Condition +


basin become fully Lighting
empty + Lighting
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
SAFETY ON SITE
•All operatives and visitors to site will wear hard-hats at all times. Safety footwear and High Visibility
Vests are also required at all times and other protective clothing (e.g. gloves, glasses, goggles, ear
defenders)

•All workers will wear and use safety harnesses when working aloft. All harnesses in use will be
visually inspected on a daily basis before use and signed off on a weekly basis. A copy of all recorded
inspections is to be available on site at all times. Safety harness to be tied into lifelines.

EMERGENCY PROCEDURE
•Electrical Circuit Breaker
In case of any Electric problems takes place, shut down the system immediately with the help of
electrical circuit breaker(Main Power Isolator).
•Fire Extinguisher
In case of any Fire takes place, shut down the fire immediately with the help of Fire Extinguisher or use
some other Fire fighting Equipments.
•First Aid Box
In case of any injury, immediately use First Aid Box and later see a doctor.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
INTRODUCTION

Water Feature operates mainly on the theory of water re-circulation: Suction portions and discharge
portions.
They require care and maintenance to keep them in a perfect state of clarity and disinfection.
Water Feature is subject to continuous contamination from foreign matter brought in by wind and
articles used in and about the water. Such contamination includes particles of dirt, organic matter,
bacteria, algae, hair, and mineral residue from chemicals and other debris.
Filtering is the mechanical process which helps to eliminate a large part of dirt which has been
introduced, but the growth of bacteria, algae and viruses can be prevented by adding chemical
products such as bromine for indoor formations and chlorine for outdoor. Water clarity is important
for appearance, hygiene and safety.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

BASIC PARAMETERS:
FILTERING

The air and the environment are all continuously introducing dirt into the water. This dirt causes
cloudiness and becomes the food for bacteria, fungi and algae. Because of this, it is necessary to
remove it with the aid of filtering equipment.
The filter retains the dirt particles in the water, keeping it transparent and clear. It is important that
the filter is in a good state and that the entire volume of water is filtered within proper intervals.

WATER FEATURE SANITIZING & CHEMICAL BALANCE

Even though the water is clear and transparent, it can contain within it bacteria and viruses which
transmit diseases and infections. For this reason, it must be disinfected in order to eliminate all the
microorganisms and organic matters present.
Dosing pump allows Chlorine to be constantly added to the water, thus ensuring correct
disinfection. They work very simply. the dosing tank filled with the tablets to be administered. The
entry valve is regulated in order to achieve and maintain the desired chlorine levels in the water.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

Chlorine readily combines with chemicals dissolved in water, microorganisms, small animals,
plant material, tastes, odors, and colors. These components "use up" chlorine and comprise the
chlorine demand of the treatment system. It is important to add sufficient chlorine to the water to
meet the chlorine demand and provide residual disinfection.
It is recommended that the feeder to be opened on a weekly basis to check the quantity present
and to replace them if necessary. (Warning: Take care when opening the feeder)
The Chlorine that does not combine with other components in the water is free (residual)
chlorine, and the breakpoint is the point at which free chlorine is available for continuous disinfection.
To ensure correct disinfecting of the water, the level of Free Available chlorine for outdoor applications
must be maintained between 0.5 and 2ppm.
Hydro Chloric Acid will control the pH Level in the water between 7.2-7.8.Specially in this case
we have added Aluminum Chloride dosing unit. Aluminum Chloride will make the bonds between the
small particles which floating on the water surface . So it will be bigger and it will increase the visibility
of the particles . It will be easy for the Maintenance. This All three Dosing systems has been installed
as one unit .The name is Clear Fountain System.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

PREVENTION OF ALGAE

Algae are single-cell plant organisms, which can develop and multiply rapidly in the water,
especially when its temperature is lukewarm and exposed to sunlight. The algae spores are
introduced into the water by the wind, or they can be present in the water source.
The chemistry of algaecides is complex, because 46 species of clean – water algae exist.
Sunlight, temperature, pH, bacteria, chlorine residual and the mineral content of water affect the
presence and growth of algae.
To prevent their procreation, in addition to disinfectant, an anti-algae product must be used. Of
course, weekly vacuuming and cleaning will reduce the algae formation to an extent.
Algae grow easily on rugged joints and surfaces. Careful attention should be given to inspect
daily all angles, dead corners and spots, joints etc. this is where the algae starts and expands,
changing its color with time and getting more and more difficult to remove. Black algae are the
worst phase.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
Step by Step Operation for Water Feature

At Startup
A. Process can begin when the water level is accepted inside the Balancing tank and power supply
connected to the panel.
B. Turn on the main breaker, branches and control breaker as per the drawing inside the panel board
C. Have a look on the Switches & it's symbols (Filter pump, Circulation, lighting,...)
D. Turn on the equipment isolator switches
E. On the System By Selecting A the pumps will operate automatically by the WECS II Controller
schedule or By selecting M the pump will start immediately
F. Dosing pumps will be ON automatically when the filtration pump ON and according to the water
requirements
G. Multi Port Valve Function: Filter Position is the normal setting for filtering the water feature.
Backwash is necessary operation required to clean out the contaminates filter which will be fully
automatic by sensing the pressure on the filter .
This process can be done manually any time .

H. Lights will be operated by the WECS II Controller.


QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

•The Jet Pump system: Put the selector switch of the Jet pump and Circulation pump on auto
position at the panel board. It will operate depending on preprogrammed time schedule.

•Automatic Chemical system: will powered-up along with the filtration system, the dosing of
chemicals depending on RX & PH value read all the time by sensor placed in circulation water line.

** The pumps will start operation only if the water level in the pond or in balance tank is sufficient
enough. If the water level is very low, the float switch will turn off the pumps.

At Shutdown

 Turn off the Pumps by putting all selector switches on 0 positions.


 Turn off the breakers.
 Switch off the pumps isolators.
 Turn off the panel board main breaker.
 Switch off the main switch.
 Close the valves at the suction and discharge line of the pumps.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
A – PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
A preventive maintenance program, effectively implemented, will improve equipment operating
performance and extend equipment life.
Preventative maintenance should be required for pumps, suction lines, drains, piping, disinfection
equipment and control switches for the equipment in the facility.
The different ways of Preventive Maintenance:
a) Make any repairs needed to gauges, valves, test kits, or other equipment so they will be ready to
place back into service. Order any necessary parts from the manufacturer. Store all removed plugs,
caps, covers, and other loose parts in a secured cabinet.
b) Paint all exposed iron or steel with rust-preventive paint.
c) The piping system should be marked for easy identification of lines. This can be accomplished by
painting colored bands and placing markers on pipes with arrows to indicate direction of flow.
NOTE: Every 7 days the clear fountain system must be opened for inspection, Valves & Joints should be
inspected every 3 months.

d.) If your pump starts running louder or making unusual noises, shut it off and contact your water
feature professional. If your pump motor hums but will not start, turn off the power and check to see
if the impeller is clogged with debris. Make a habit of checking pump baskets regularly.

A.1 – PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE


The secret of maintaining your water feature, it is necessary is to implement correct prevention
treatment. To do so, the following must be carried out:
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOT

Daily:

1. Analyze the pH of the water and adjust it between 7 – 7.6 if necessary.


2. Analyze the level of Free Residual Chlorine Keeping it between 0.5 and 2ppm
3. Clean the water of leaves and insects.
4. Carry out proper vacuuming and wall scrubbing.
5. Open the strainers daily, the baskets on the suction line of the pumps and clean the basket properly. This will
prevent the impeller of the pump from getting damaged and elongates its life expectancy.

Weekly:

1. Check the sand filter.


2. Add the maintenance amount of your anti-algae product.

See to:

3. Keeping the water level correct, i.e. two thirds minimum level of water in the compensation tanks...
4. Proper ventilation takes place all the time.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOT

B – BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE:


B.1 – Cloudy Water

When the water loses its clarity, it could be due to several causes:

• Water Feature filtering.

Treatment: Check the filtering system.

• High pH

Treatment: Analyze the pH to keep it between 7 and 7.6.


•Excessive organic residues.

Treatment: See the section “Irritation of eyes and skin, and bad smells”.

•Algae formation.
Treatment: See the section “Algae formation”.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOT
B.2 – ALGAE FORMATION
If algae have formed in your water feature water, treat them immediately, since the longer they are
there, the more difficult it will be to remove them.
Case A – Presence of algae on the walls and bottom, with the water feature water clean and
transparent.
Treatment: With the filtering equipment off, apply Chlorine on the surface where algae formed.
Immediately afterwards add anti algae (3.5 gr. for each 100 m3 of water).
It is important to proportion these products directly into the areas where algae have been noticed.
Leave the products to act for about 8 hours. Then BRUSH the walls and bottom. Remove the dead
algae with the bottom-cleaner, sending the water directly to the drain and Backwash the filters.
Case B – Presence of algae on the walls and/or bottom, with the water feature water cloudy and
green.
Treatment: With the filtering equipment off, carry out shock chlorine 30 gr. for each m 3 of water or (3 tablets for
each m3 of water). Immediately afterwards add anti algae (3.5 lts for each 100 m 3 of water) and then liquid flocculent
(1 lt. for each 100 m3 of water). Leave the products to act for about 8 hours. Then BRUSH the walls and bottom.
Remove the dead algae with the bottom-cleaner, sending the water directly to the drain and backwash the filter. Then
filter as many hours as are required to obtain clean and transparent water.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE FOR EQUIPMENTS:

 PUMPS
Problem: Pump doesn’t run
Likely cause: Blown fuse, wrong size, or low voltage:
Replace fuse; use proper fuse and wire size; may need to contact the qualified electrician.

Loose or broken wire:


Replace defective wiring; look for heat stressed wires; tighten all connections.
Defective motor:
Repair or replace motor (Call a qualified service technician).
Problem: Pump runs- no water
Likely cause: Air pockets, leaks in suction line:
Properly prime pump; check for leaks in suction side plumbing.
Valve closed:
Check suction side valves, they must be open.
Too high suction lift:
Elevation of pump is above water level in excess of manufacturer’s recommendations.
Incorrect line voltage:
Use a voltmeter to check wire size; if size is correct you need to contact the qualified electrician.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE FOR EQUIPMENTS:

Problem: Pump starts, then stops


Clogged filter:
Backwash and clean filter.
Closed or partially closed valve:
Check valve position; may need to replace valve.

Problem: Pump runs; water in basket moves slow with reduced pumping capacity
Likely cause: Air pockets; leaks in suction lines:
Check for leaks in suction side lines.
Bent shaft; misalignment of shaft:
Replace shaft
Damaged motor/pump (e.g. bearings, shaft):
Return for service.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER
FOUNTAIN
• SAFETY ASPECTS
Before Operation & Maintenance
1. Make sure all operators are properly trained.
2. Safety inspection of the plant is to be done.
3. Permit to be raised, if required.
4. Check PPE compliance as per required.
5. Check the fire extinguisher/fire fighting system for proper
operation.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER FOUNTAIN

During Operation & Maintenance


1. Check for any water leakage.
2. Follow the LOTO procedure to energize the system. Specially the
main isolator.
3. Confine space procedure and gas test to be performed, if anybody
need access to the balancing tank.
4. Proper supervision by competent person.
QATAR NATIONAL LIBRARY
REFLECTIVE WATER FOUNTAIN

• After the Operation & Maintenance


1. Final checking
2. Proper house keeping need to be done.
3. LOTO need to be done, if required.
SPARE PARTS LIST
CONCLUSION

THANK YOU !!!

“Providing complete valuable turn-key solution with up-to-date


technology supported by professional after sales”
WATER MASTER