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MSHEIREB PHASE 3 PROJECT

CLIENT : MSHEIREB PROPERTIES


CONSULTANT : QATAR & CEG INTERNATIONAL
MAIN CONTRACTOR : OBAYASHI-HBK JOINT VENTURE

NOTE : EDIT THE TITLE FOR SCOPE OF WORK AND DELETE THE BOX

AIR HANDLING UNIT


TRAINING PRESENTATION FOR A01
SCHOOL BUILDING
1
AGENDA
AIR HANDLING UNIT Date :
Time : 08:00am to 12:00pm

08:00 am to 10:00 am : CLASS ROOM TRAINING

INTRODUCTION
EQUIPMENT DETAIL
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONALITY
TROUBLESHOOTING

10:00am to 10:30am : BREAK

10:30am to 12:00pm : ON SITE TRAINING


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3
I. TABLE OF CONTENT

1.0. Equipment and system description (Page no. 23)

2.0. Hands-on operation of equipment and system (Page no. 46)

3.0. Equipment start-up, operation in normal and emergency modes, shutdown


procedures, seasonal changeover and manual / automatic control.
(Page no. 49)

4.0. Planned Preventive Maintenance including frequency and checklist and


instruction. (Page no. 55)

5.0. Warranties and guarantees (Page no. 63)

6.0. Operational requirements to maintain warranties and guaranties including


“don’ts do’s “ to prevent guarantee or warranty invalidation. (Page no. 65)

7.0. Common trouble shooting problem that might arise, with description of
possible causes and corrective measures. (Page no. 68)

8.0.The operation and adjustment information i.e. damper, valves and controls.
(Page no.76)
4
9.0. Emergency procedures. (Page no.83)
10.0. Special list of tools need and recommended spare parts inventory.
(Page no. 87)
11.0. Energy management and control system operation and programming.
(Page no. 94)
12.0. Control sequence and strategies. (Page no. 123)

13.0. Relevant health and safety issues and concerns. (Page no. 145)

14.0. Energy management practices. (Page no. 148)

15.0. When and how to re-commission the system to ensure future re-
commissioning testing can be completed during different seasonal period
or at time of differing load demand. (Page no. 151)

16.0. The information contained in the operating manual and the location of all
plans and manuals in the facility. (Page no. 159)

17.0. Design intent documents. (Page no. 161)

18.0. Relevant commissioning report documents (Page no. 166)

19.0. On-site inspection and practical training (must be video or recorded in


additional to classroom training.)
5
(Page no. 176)
20.0. Documentation in the final O&M manuals. (Page no. 178)

21.0. How to use the O&M manuals. (Page no. 180)

22.0. Acceptable tolerances for system adjustments in all operating modes


including procedures for dealing with abnormal conditions and
emergency situations for which there is specified system response.
(Page no. 191)

23.0. Procedures for dealing with the abnormal conditions and emergency
situation for which there is a specified system response.
(Page no. 193)

24.0. Soft copy of training documentation provided. (Page no. 197)

25.0. Soft copy of recorded training provided. (To be provided after the training).

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INTRODUCTION
1. An Air handling unit Supplies Conditioned air to the space and return it to
AHU as return air. The AHU are feeded from VFD’s there therefore all
AHU’s in A01 Building are variable air volume AHU’s. The air flow and
temperature can be varied as per requirement of conditioned space. All
units are interfaced with FA interface and BMS system directly.

2. The make-up air unit is a 100 percent Outside air unit 1 is used to
provide fresh air from outside to AHU’s, FCU’s & areas required AC
system through ductwork.

3. The Air handling unit is designed to have Comfort Condition as per


recommendation of AHSRAE standard within the space to be
conditioned.

7
1. An air handling unit comprises a large insulated metal box that contains a fan, cooling or
heating coil, UV lamps, Filters, dampers etc. the AHU’s directly connected to ductworks
system spreading across conditioned area in plenum space.

8
9
10
SUPPLY FAN:

11
FILTERS:

12
BLEED FAN:

13
AHU COOLING COIL:

14
RELIEF FAN:

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
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1.0. EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEM
DESCRIPTION

23
LOCATION OF MECHANICAL ROOM

AHU-A01-BM-004 AHU-A01-BM-005

AHU-A01-BM-003
MAU-A01-BM-001

LEVEL-BM
AHU-A01-BM-002
A01 BUILDING
24
LOCATION OF MECHANICAL ROOM

AHU-A01-02-006 AHU-A01-02-007

LEVEL-02
A01 BUILDING

25
LOCATION OF MECHANICAL ROOM

AHU-A01-04-001

LEVEL-04
A01 BUILDING

26
EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
• There are total 7 AHU’s & 1 MAU providing conditioned air to the
school building. Air handling units components includes Pre filters,
Final filters, chilled water coil, UV lamp, supply fans & return fans.
The details are as follows;

• Chilled water cooling coil


Chilled water coil contains the chilled water coming from ETS
room, the chilled water circulated through all units through
secondary pumps located in ETS rooms. This consists of copper
tubes and aluminum fins prepainted aluminum copper & tin platted
copper. The Flow rate are controlled by 2 way modulating control
valves and initially balance by DRV’s.

• UV lamps
• The devices work by direct irradiation of UV –C rays. When
the tube is turned on the surface enlightened by the UV lamp. The
use of this devices is allowed only in absence of personnel inside
the AHU environment.

• Their purpose is to eliminate the microbial load.

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• Supply fan/ Return fan
All supply fans are of centrifugal impeller backward curved type. All
unit fans are directly connected to motor except of AHU-A01-BM-
002 with is belt driven.

• Electric heating Coil


The MAU unit is provided with electric heating coil. As the unit is
supply fresh outside air the temperature to match the mixing air
temperature in serving units. AHU’s do not have heating coils, the
heater is provided in AHU duct network in each VAV’s the function
will be explained in VAV manuals.

• Heat Recovery Coil


The AHU-A01-BM-002 and MAU-A01-BM-001 are provided with heat
pipe the heat pipe absorb the heat and external exhaust fan from fresh
air and transfer the heat to exhaust air. The external fan cause the
exhaust air to move outside the building.

• MERV Filters
Filters are placed first in the AHU in order to filter the dust and external
particles from air and fresh air to keep all the downstream space and
components are clean. MERV 8 are used as a pre filter and MERV13
are used as a final filter as project specification.
28
EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

• AHU for each is located on its own mechanical room as per the schedule.
Each AHU is provided with 2way motorized valve except at the end of the
pipe run where 3 way valve is used. Each AHU are provided with
automatic 2 way flow control valve. All AHU are manufactured by
York- Italy. The AHU’s will service the project facility through ducting
network according to the routes shown in the approved shop drawings. The
supply fan is started and stopped base on either time of day, temperature,
building pressures or combination and controlled by building Management
System (BMS) 29
1. AIR CONDITIONING:

• Air conditioning to the various building packages in the Msheireb


Downtown Doha is provided by the chilled water system generated at
District Cooling Plant within the Msheireb Downtown Doha Project
itself.

• Chilled water generated in the District Cooling Plant is distributed to


the various buildings through the aboveground chilled water ring
circuit installed in the project. The main chilled water circuit consists
of 300mm diameter aboveground insulated chilled water supply and
return pipes.

• From secondary circuit of the heat exchanger the chilled water is


distributed to the Air Handling Units, make Air Units and Fan Coil
Units to cool down air supply to the buildings. Cooled supply air is
provided by the AHU through VAV’s in accommodation areas.

30
2. VENTILATION:

• The ventilation of the toilets and changing rooms in the building is


effected by inline ducted type fans to discharge the foul air to outside
passing through the heat recovery coil to pre-cool the Main Make Up
AHU, Air Unit inlet air.

• The basement mechanical room is air-conditioned by Fan Coil Unit


installed.

• The air handling unit supplies conditioned air to the space using
a variable air volume air handling unit. The components include
pre- and filters, bi polar ionization, chilled water coil, UV lamp, and
supply fan. Supply temperature will be at a constant temperature with
variable air flow. AHU’s receive outside air from separate make-up air
handling units. AHU’s deliver air to variable air volume boxes.

31
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
• Variable Speed (volume) air handling units are more efficient air
handling unit. AHU supplies pressurized air to VAV boxes, one box per
room or area. Air handling unit can change the pressure to the VAV
boxes by changing the speed of a fan or blower. The amount of air is
determined by the needs of the spaces served by the VAV. Each box
has a damper that is opened or closed based on how much heating or
cooling is required in its space. The more boxes are open, the more
air is required, and a greater amount of air is supplied by the AHU.

• AHU-A01-BM-003, AHU-A01-BM-004 & AHU-A01-BM-BM-005

• The units are getting fresh air from MAU-A01-BM-001, all 3 unit units
located on BM level and relieving some amount of return air as
exhaust going to MAU-A01-BM-001 passing through heat
pipe and finally going out of building through REF-008 located on
level-04.

• AHU-003 is serving the level-01, 02 and L-03 North block of building


and AHU-004 serving the North west middle block of building on
Level 01 & Level 00 and AHU-005 serving the South west middle
block of building on Level 01 & Level 00.
32
• AHU-A01-BM-002

This unit getting fresh air from level 04 penthouse louver this unit have
external fan for exhaust/ relief air. This AHU is serving south block of
building on level-BM, 00, 01, 02 (GYM Area). This unit have external
heat recovery coil which transfer the heat from outside air going
into AHU to exhaust/ relief air going out of AHU.

• AHU-A01-02-001, AHU-A01-02-006 & AHU-A01-007

These units have internal relief fan. The relief fan will modulate to
maintain building static pressure. Fresh air taken directly from louvers.

• AHU operation is monitored in the Fire Alarm panel as a “Supervisory”


and to the BMS as well. AHU are monitored for the following points.
“AHU RUNNING”, “AHU TROUBLE”,” AHU FAILED”. AHU is interfaced
with Building Management System (BMS) and the operations are
monitored in the BMS panels.

• The Air Handling Unit (AHU) is the most essential and critical units to
air conditioning system. The understood, as it modifies the air
conditions for final treatment of air conditioned environments and is
placed downstream of all installed equipment. 33
AHU EQUIPMENT SCHEDULE

ELEECTRI
MOTOR
SIZE

CAL
DIMENSIONS
BUILDING
SL.NO. AIR

QTY.
LOCATION FLOW ESP TOTAL

(V/ph/Hz)
LEVEL

AREA

(Kw)
ROOM MODEL ASBUILT DRAWING
UNIT TAG NUMBER MAKE NUMBER (LPS) (Pa) (Kw) REFERENCE NO.

MECH MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
AHU-A01-BM- YORK 6750x400 YMA-K-
1 A01 BM D 1 17,705 2,000 75 415/3/50 891.1 CS-M1957 MDD1C-DSI-A01-
002 ITALY 0x2550 600
ASB-MEP-CS-M1960

(A01.BM:
D.03)
MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
MECH CS-M1953 MDD1C-DSI-A01-
ASB-MEP-CS-M1962
AHU-A01-BM- YORK 5500x290 YMA-K- MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
2 A01 BM A 1 9,000 625 18.5 415/3/50 210.4
003 ITALY 0x2550 400 CS-M1963 MDD1C-DSI-A01-
(A01.BM:
ASB-MEP-CS-M1964
A.03)
MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
CS-M1965
5000
AHU MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
x2200x20
AHU-A01-BM- (A01.BM: YORK YMA-K- CS-M1950
20
3 A01 004 BM B B.03) 1 ITALY 230 6,350 500 15 415/3/50 149.3
5100x225
AHU MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
0x2220
AHU-A01-BM- (A01.BM: YORK YMA-K- CS-M1958
4 A01 005 BM B B.09) 1 ITALY 800 7,000 650 18.5 415/3/50 162.4
6400x220
AHU MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
0x3020
AHU-A01-04- (A01.04:C YORK YMA-K- CS-M1923
5 A01 001 4 C .01) 1 ITALY 280 5,800 1,350 22 415/3/50 1.75
6600x225
MECH MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
0x2800
AHU-A01-02- (A01.02:F YORK YMA-K- CS-M1922
6 A01 006 2 F .01) 1 ITALY 280 6,600 1,050 22 415/3/50 2.17

MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
AHU-A01-02- MECH YORK 6800x245 YMA-K-
7 A01 2 E 1 7,300 1,050 30 415/3/50 2.25 CS-M1921 MDD1C-DSI-A01-
007 ITALY 0x2500 280
(A01.02:E ASB-MEP-CS-M2921
.01)
MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
MECH CS-M1953 MDD1C-DSI-A01-
ASB-MEP-CS-M1962
MAU-A01-BM- YORK 6750x305 YMA-K- MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
8 A01 BM A 1 8,621 1,075 30 415/3/50 127
001 (A01.BM: ITALY 0x3220 400 CS-M1963 MDD1C-DSI-A01-
A.03) ASB-MEP-CS-M1964
34
MDD1C-DSI-A01-ASB-MEP-
CS-M1965
BLEED FANS

TYPE OF SYSTEM
• Outside air is introduced into the building to meet code ventilation requirements,
providing positive building pressurization, and replacing extract air. Outside air is
filtered and conditioned in dedicated make-up air units (MAUs) before being
distributed to AHU’s/FCU’s. The outside air is drawn into the building through
standard architectural type louvers, and then transferred through an inertial type air
filter/separator.

• The inertial type air separator provides high dust removal efficiency of airborne
particulate matter, thus a sand type louver is not warranted. A percentage of the
incoming/outside air is discharged into the bleed air manifold that collects the
dust/particulate and then exhausted/transported out of the building by a
separate fan systems.

There are 4 no. Bleed Fans in A01, serving AHU’s and MAU as follows:

 IAC-A01-04-002 WITH BF-A01-04-002 SERVING AHU-A01-04-001 AND


AHU-A01-BM-002
 IAC-A01-04-003 WITH BF-A01-04-003 SERVING MAU-A01-BM-001
AND DHU-A01-BM-001
 IAC-A01-04-004 WITH BF-A01-02-004 SERVING AHU-A01-02-006
 IAC-A01-04-005 WITH BF-A01-02-005 SERVING AHU-A01-02-007
35
BLEED FAN (MHA - Air Handling Type):

For more details on system location refer to section 3.2.

• It is a single width, single inlet radial blade, belt driven industrial material handler. The
MHA wheel is used for clean air, fumes, high temperature or light dust applications. This
design delivers higher efficiencies and lower operating costs than radial bladed wheels
due to its flat backward inclined blades. Continuously welded, heavy gauge construction
provides a long service life over a broad operating range.

Certifications: Fan shall be manufactured at an ISO 9001 certified facility. Fan shall be
Underwriters Laboratories Classified (as to electrical shock and mechanical hazards
only) and CSA Certified (Standard 113-M1984). Fan shall bear the AMCA certified
ratings seal for air and sound performance.

36
Figure 3.1 – Bleed Fan
Figure 3.2 – Bleed Fan as per site Installation

37
Figure 3.3 – Electrical Panel as per site Installation
EXHASUT FANS

TYPE OF SYSTEM

•An exhaust fan is a fan which is used to control the interior environment by venting out unwanted odors,
particulates, smoke, moisture, and other contaminants which may be present in the air. Exhaust fans can
also be integrated into a heating and cooling system.

•Exhaust fans EF-A01-BM-002 & EF-A01-BM-003 are provided for the chemical feed room & irrigation
rooms at A01 building to ventilate the space. Since these areas can sometimes acquire strong smells and
people may work with potentially dangerous chemicals in them, exhaust fans can be used for comfort and
safety. An exhaust fan is especially important when people are working with things like solvents, which are
not healthy or safe to inhale. Likewise, it is important to vent fumes from paints, varnishes, and similar
types of treatments.

•Exhaust Fan EF-A01-BM-001, located in the mechanical room at BM Level operates in conjunction with
AHU-A01-BM-002 heat recovery coil, to recover heat / cooling from the space.

•For A01 School building there are 3 no’s of Exhaust Fan located at Level BM at different rooms detail as
mention in table 3.1

•The Exhaust Fan with model no. SQN-B was manufactured by Loren Cook Company of Springfield,
Missouri. The SQN-B is licensed to bear AMCA certified ratings seal for air and sound performance.

•It’s a duct mounted belt & pulley drive centrifugal square inline, which is available in 7 direct drive sizes
and 18 belt drive sizes. Capacities range from 100 to 26000 CFM, with static pressure range from 0-2.5
inches.
38
Figure 3 – EXHAUST FAN

39
Figure 3.2 – Exhaust Fan as per site Installation

40
Figure 3.3 Electrical Panel as per site Installation
41
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RELIEF FAN:

Motor size : 3kw


Motor rpm : 1440
Type : TEFC
Electrical : 415/3/50

Fan ESP : 535pa


Fan ISP : 467pa
Fan TSP : 1002pa
Construction :Plenum
Quantity : 3nos.

45
2.0.HANDS-ON OPERATION OF
EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEM

46
I. All Air Handling Unit can be controlled manually by operating the VFD panel of
Air Handling Unit.

1. The AHU can be run manually


by selecting manual mode panel
of Air Handling Unit.

2. The Speed of Fan can be varied


by changing the frequency on
Variable Frequency Drive.

47
1. The parameter can be set through
Variable frequency Drive panel by
selecting “ setting Option” like.

• Acceleration
• Deceleration
• Low speed
• High speed
• Rated current voltage
• Rated speed , etc.

48
3.0. EQUIPMENT START-UP, OPERATION
IN NORMAL AND EMERGENCY MODES,
SHUTDOWN PROCEDURES, SEASONAL
CHANGEOVER AND MANUAL/
AUTOMATIC CONTROL.

49
START UP & SHUT-DOWN PROCEDURES.
1. START-UP:

• Check that the filters are in place and positioned properly.

• Remove any debris from the unit interior.

• Remove all foreign material from the drain pan and check drain pan
opening and condensate line for obstructions.

• Close and secure all unit access doors.

• Ensure the differential pressure switch is correctly adjusted.


Connections should be clean and secure. Compare the actual wiring
with the nameplate.

• Check piping and valves for leaks. Open or close the valves to check
for proper operation. Ensure valves are returned to their required
initial position. Drain line is open.

• Before completing start-up, Bump start the unit and confirm the fan
wheel rotates properly, as indicated by the rotation arrow located on
the fan housing.
50
2. SHUT DOWN:

• To switch off the AHU for maintenance purpose, turn the control
switch to the off position.

• The AHU can be further electrically isolated by opening the relevant


circuit breaker.

51
3. EMERGENCY MODE:

• IF The BMS enables the supply fan and a pre-determined time has expired
without proof of opened dampers, the BMS shall alarm from damper failure
and shall disable the fan start command.

• IF the BMS has enable the fan, both dampers have been proven open, and a
pre-determined time has expired without proof of flow, the BMS shall alarm
from fan failure and shall disable the fan Start command.

• IF the BMS has commanded the chilled water control valve to begin opening
and a pre-determined time has expired with the valve remaining closed, the
BMS shall alarm from control valve failure.

• IF the BMS has commanded the chilled water control valve fully open and the
discharge air condition rises more than 3 degrees C above set point, the BMS
shall alarm.

• When pressure differential across any of the filter banks exceeds its
respective alarm level, the BMS shall variable speed drive shall send a general
alarm to the BMS when any of its alarm conditions occur.

• The UV system sensor shall output the UV lamp intensity as a percentage.


Once the lamp intensity set point is less than 80% an alarm shall be initiated
indicating that the UV lamp shall be cleared and/or replaced.
52
NOTE: In case of fire alarm activation ALL AHU’s will be shutdown.

4. NORMAL MODE:
• The fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its
motor starter.

• When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

• When the switch is in the off position fans shall be de-energized.

• When the switch is in the auto position, the fan and unit shall be
enabled by the.

5. MANUAL AND AUTOMATIC CONTROL


• The manual & automatic control can be selected by switch
on VFD panel.

• In manual mode the fan speed can be varied by changing


the frequency of VFD. The speed current voltage parameters can
be limited.

• In automatic mode the AHU will be controlled & monitored


by BMS. 53
Automatic Control:

• The Unit will be in control of Building Management System and Fire Alarm
System.

• The unit primarily will be monitored by BMS like the cooling coil
temperature, airflow rates in ducts, air temperature, chilled water flow rates
etc. The unit can be controlled by BMS also.

• The speed of AHU will ramp up and down automatically by detecting the
pressure through sensors in the supply duct based on terminal unit
demand.

• In case of fire alarm activation, the FAS will override all BMS control and
will shut down the unit quickly.

• As soon as the fire alarm reset the unit will come back to normal position.

54
4.0. PLANNED PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
INCLUDING FREQUENCY AND CHECKLIST
AND INSTRUCTION.

55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
5.0. WARRANTIES AND GUARANTEES

63
“Air Handling Unit / MAU warranty certificate shall be submitted
separately after Functional Performance Test (FPT) approval”.

64
6.0. OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS TO
MAINTAIN WARRANTIES AND
GUARANTEES INCLUDING “ DON’TS
DO’S “ TO PREVENT GUARANTEE OR
WARRANTY INVALIDATION.

65
Don'ts

• Never open the unit door while AHU is under operation mode, first shut
down the AHU then open the access doors properly. The door may get
damaged.

•Do not run the unit in with damper closed, it will create high static pressure
inside unit which will further damage the equipment.

• Clean the cooling coil with proper coil comb, otherwise it will damage the
fins and coils.

• Don’t run the machine with filters removed, it will affect the coil condition.

• Never touch any rotating part it will result in misbalance of fan shaft sheave
or motor sheave.

• Never fix the incompatible spare part in the unit.

• Never modify the unit without presence of authorized personnel.

•Never use the equipment for improper use, this will invalidate warranty.
66
Do’s

•Belt alignment should be done by authorized person having sufficient


maintenance experience.

• Preventive maintenance should be followed regularly.

• Open the screw of AHU panels with proper set of tools otherwise it will result in
air leakage from panels if screw are not tightened properly.

• Use standard spare parts provided by the company or OEM.

• Maintain the equipment as per manufacturer recommendation.

• Periodically clean the filters to maintain warranty of the equipment.

•Use standard set of tools and equipments for maintenance.

67
7.0. COMMON TROUBLE SHOOTING
PROBLEM THAT MIGHT ARISE, WITH
DESCRIPTION OF POSSIBLE CAUSES AND
CORRECTIVE MEASURES.

68
Warning: Disconnect all power while adjusting units.
1. Air Handling Units Troubleshooting

Problem Possible Cause(s) Solution


Bearing is First start after re-lubrication.
Allow machine to cool down and restart.
excessively hot. (grease distribution).
Over tensioned belts. Tension belts.
No lubricant. Apply lubricant.

Misalign bearing. Correct alignment. Check shaft level.


Blown fuse or open circuit Replace fuse or reset circuit
breaker. breaker.
Overload trip. Check and reset overload.
recommendations. Contact power company for
Motor fails to start. Improper current supplies.
adjustments.

Check that motor and drive rotate freely. Check


Mechanical failure.
bearing lubricant.

Open phase. Check line for an open phase.

Overloaded motor. Reduce load or replace with larger motor.

Check across AC line. Correct voltage if


Motor stalls. Low line voltage.
possible.

Shipping spacers not removed. Remove shipping spacers and/orbolts.

Over tensioned belts. Tension belts.


Misalign drive. Align drive.
69
Problem Possible Cause(s) Solution

Check for loose connections.


Partial loss of line voltage. Determine adequacy of main
Motor runs and then dies down.
power supply.
Stator shorts when motor warms up. Replace stator

Motor does not come up to speed


Check across AC line and correct voltage loss if
Low voltage at motor terminals.
possible.

Motor overheats Line wiring to motor to small. Replace with larger sized wiring.
Overloaded motor. Reduce load or replace with a larger motor.
Motor fan is clogged with dirt preventing proper
Remove fan cover ,clean fan and replace cover.
ventilation.
Excessive motor noise Motor mounting bolts loose. Tighten motor mounting bolts.
Rigid coupling connections Replace with flexible connections
Worn motor bearings Replace bearings and seals
Excessive motor noise Fan rubbing on fan cover Remove interference in motor fan housing

Repaid motor bearing wear Excessive overhung load due to over tensioned drive Check belt tension and overhung load

Excessive overhung load due to a small diameter


Replace sheave with large one
motor sheave
Motor is poorly positioned Adjust tension
Loose fan belt Worn or damaged belt Replace belt or belt set check sheave alignment
Worn sheaves Replaces heaves
Realign drive with MVP sheave set at mean
Misalign belt
pitch diameter
Check for leaky bearings .Clean belts and
Grease or oil on belts
sheaves
Short belt life Belt Slipping Adjust tension
Remove obstruction or realign drive for70
Belts rubbing
clearance
Air Handling Units V-belt Troubleshooting
Spine burn marks from belt slipping on driver
sheaves under staled load conditions or when Check belt tension and adjust
staring
Short belt life Gauges or extreme wear caused by belt rubbing on Eliminate obstruction or realign drive to provide
other objects clearance
Check for leaky bearings. Clean belt and sheaves
Grease or oil on belt Worn sheaves
Replace sheaves
Problem Possible Cause(s) Solution
Damaged cord section in belts. Frayed or gouged
Replace belts
belts

Belts turnover in groove Tension belts. Replace belts if damaged. Use


Excessive vibration
banded belts
Worn sheaves Replace sheaves
Sheaves misalignment Realign drive
Belt squeal Belt not tensioned properly Check belt tension and adjust check RPM

Belt damaged during installation Follow V belt drive installation instructions


Belt breakage
Shock or extreme overload Eliminate overload cause

Belt stretches beyond take up Worm sheaves Replace sheaves

Damaged belt cord section Replace belt. Check belt tension check RPM
Excessive vibration
Loose belt Check belt tension and adjust
Excessive overhung load due to a small diameter
Replace sheave with large one
motor sheave

Motor is poorly positioned Adjust tension

Loose fan belt Worn or damaged belt Replace belt or belt set check sheave alignment
Worn sheaves Replaces heaves
Realign drive with MVP sheave set at mean pitch
Misalign belt
diameter
Check for leaky bearings .Clean belts and
Grease or oil on belts
sheaves
Short belt life Belt Slipping Adjust tension
71
Belts rubbing Remove obstruction or realign drive for clearance
72
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75
8.0.THE OPERATION AND
ADJUSTMENT INFORMATION I.E.
DAMPER, VALVES AND CONTROLS.

76
1. SUPPLY FAN CONTROL:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand –off-auto(HOA) switch at its


variable frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When The switch is in the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the Auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located


across the fan. Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence
shall be enabled.

6. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan
speed adjusted to maintain setpoint. Before the fan speed is reduced to the
point where the fan in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

7. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall
open to minimum outside air shown on schedule and the normally open return
air control damper shall be closed to the return air required. When both
damper are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be
energized.

8. When The fan is de-energized for any reason the outside air control damper
77
shall close and the return air control damper shall open.
2. OUTSIDE AIR DAMPER CONTROL:

1. The return air C02 sensor shall modulate the outside air control damper to
maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the return air C02 setpoint (600
PPM above the baseline ADJUSTABLE).

2. The outside airflow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside air flow shown on schedule , no further increase in
outside air shall be provided.

3. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000 PPM(adjustable) the an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and The outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air control damper shall
modulate to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measure by the flow station
and the C02 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2
setpoint and the CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain
the CO2 setpoint.

4. The space static pressure sensor shall sequence the relief air damper to maintain
the building at A positive pressure of 13Pa (adjustable).

78
1. If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure set
point, the space static pressure sensor shall override the C02 control
as required to maintain the building positive pressure and use the air
flow monitoring station to validate the control of the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate.
2. The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air
control damper.
3. CO2 MONITORING:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring take CO2 concentration reading


periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be
stored by the BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration
stored by the BMS shall be baseline CO2 concentration for the return
air setpoint.

4. DISCHARGE AIR CONDITION (VALVE) CONTROL:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees C


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable)


the chilled water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air
79
temperature will be the mixed air condition.
5. RELIEF FAN CONTROL:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch


at its variable frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is off position, the fan shall be de-energized .

4. When the switch is in the auto position the fan shall be enabled by
the BMS.

5. Proof of slow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch


located across the fan. Once has been proven the remainder of this
sequence shall be enabled.

6. The relief fan shall be energized when the supply fan is energized
and shall be de-energized when the supply fan is de-energized.

7. The relief fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure.
Refer to outside air control.

80
6. HEATING COIL TEMPERATURE:

• Heating Coil is provided in only MAU(Make up air


handling unit) which will be adjusted through BMS.
• Upstream Cooling coil:
• Heat Transfer : 122.2kw
• Entering air temperature DB/WB :47C/30C
• Leaving air temperature DB/WB :35.7C/27.6C
• Downstream reheating coil:
• Heat Transfer : 122.2kw
• Entering air temperature DB/WB :11.7C/11.3C
• Leaving air temperature DN/WB :23C/15.7C

81
Air Handling Unit
SI No Description Value

1 Duct Static Pressure Set Point For Variable AHU’s 200 pa

2 Unit Discharge Temperature 11⁰ C

3 UV Lamp Intensity Set Point 80%

4 Duct Pressure set Point For Variable MAU’s 200 pa

5 Zone Humidity Set Point (If Applicable) 50%

Make Up Air Unit


SI No Description Value

1 Discharge Air Temperature at Chilled Water Cooing Coil 11⁰ C

2 Unit Discharge Temperature 23⁰ C

3 UV Lamp Intensity Set Point 80%

4 Duct Pressure set Point For Variable MAU’s 200 pa

82
9.0. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES.

83
1. SAFETIES:

1. Upon smoke detection in the unit discharge, the fan shall be de-
energized and alarms generated at the BMS and fire alarm panels. The
outside air control dampers shall close. See dire alarm drawings.

2. Upon detection of high discharge air pressure, the fan shall be de-
energized and an alarm generated at the BMS.

2. ALARMS:

1. IF the BMS enables the fan and a pre-determined time has expired
without proof of opened dampers, the BMS shall alarm for damper failure
and shall disable the fan start command.

2. IF the BMS has enabled the fan, the damper has been proven open,
and a pre-determined time has expired without proof of flow, the BMS
shall alarm for fan failure and shall disable the fan start command.

3. IF the BMS has time has expired with the valve remaining closed, the
BMS shall alarm for control valve failure.

84
4. When pressure differential across either filter bank exceeds its
respective alarm level, the BMS shall generate an alarm for dirty filters
indicating which filter bank is in alarm.

5. The variable speed drive shall send a general alarm to the BMS when
any of its alarm conditions occurs.

6. The UV system sensor shall output the UV lamp intensity as a


percentage. Once the lamp intensity set point is less than 80% an alarm
shall be initiated indicating that the UV lamps shall be cleaned and/or
replaced.

7. IF the BMS enables the supply fan and a pre-determined time has
expired without proof of opened dampers, the BMS shall alarm for
damper failure and shall disable the fan start command.

8. IF the BMS has enabled the fan, both dampers have been proven open,
and a pre-determined time has expired without proof of flow, the BMS
shall alarm for fan failure and shall disable the fan start command.

9. IF the BMS has commanded the chilled water control valve to begin and
a pre-determined time has expired with the valve remaining closed, the
BMS shall alarm for control valve failure.
85
10. IF the BMS has commanded the chilled water control valve fully open and
the discharge air condition rise more than 3 degrees C above setpoint, the
BMS shall alarm.

11. When pressure differential across any of the filter bank exceeds its
respective alarm level, the BMS shall generate an alarm for dirty filters
indicating which filter bank is in alarm.

12. The variable speed drive shall send a general alarm to the BMS when any of
its alarm conditions occur.

13. The UV system sensor shall output the UV lamp intensity as a percentage.
Once the lamp intensity set point is less than 80% an alarm shall be initiated
indicating that the UV lamps shall be cleaned and/or replaced.

86
10.0. SPECIAL LIST OF TOOLS NEED
AND RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS
INVENTORY.

87
1. TEST EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS

• FOR CHECKING AIR:

1. Inclined manometers with Pitot static Tule

2. Vane Anemometer

3. Tachometer

4. Clamp on meter

5. Mercury manometer. For checking pressure drop with in cooling


coil

6. Flow Measuring Hood

88
2. TOOLS:

1. One set of screw driver. Star.

2. One set of screw driver. Minus.

3. Allen key set in mm from 3 mm to 8 mm.

4. Fixed double end spanner from 8 mm to 28 mm.

5. Fin comb.

6. Belt Tension Tester PG.41-42-43-44-45.

7. Straight Edge.

8. Vacuum Cleaner.

9. machine forward and reverse type.

10. Box spanner set from 8 mm to 28 mm.

89
90
UV Lamp Sticks

Equipment Motor Pulley/Bush Fan Model Fan pulley /Bush (Per AHU) Qty

AHU-02 450X3SPC/35-35-75 RDH K2-0900 450 x 3SPC / 35-35-60 12 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) 1set

AHU-03 N.A NPL 1000 S.4 CL1 N.A 8 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) 1set

3 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) /
AHU-04 N.A NPL 800 S.4 CL1 N.A 3 x (EnnNX-SCR-40H) 1set
NPL 800 S.4 CL1 N.A
3 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) /
AHU-05 N.A 3 x (EnnNX-SCR-40H) 1set
NPL 800 S.4 CL2 N.A

MAU-01 N.A 6 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) 1set


NPL 710 S.4 CL2 N.A

NPL 450 S.4 N.A


3 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) /
AHU-06 N.A 3 x (EnnNX-SCR-40H) 1set
NPL 710 S.4 CL2 N.A

NPL 450 S.4 N.A


6 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) /
AHU-07 N.A 3 x (EnnNX-SCR-40H) 1set
NPL 710 S.4 CL2 N.A

NPL 450 S.4 N.A


3 x (EnnNX-SCR-75H) /
AHU-01 N.A 3 x (EnnNX-SCR-40H) 1set

91
Equipment Motor Bearing Model Fan Bearing Qty
SKF SYT 60 TS (1 x "F" Axially Locked + 1 x
"L" free1)

AHU-02 2 x 6316-C3 1no.

AHU-03 2 x 6309-C3 N.A 1no.

AHU-04 2 x 6309-C3 N.A 1no.

AHU-05 2 x 6309-C3 N.A 1no.

MAU-01 2 x 6312-C3 N.A 1no.

2 x 6311-C3

AHU-06 2 x 6206-2RS-C3 N.A 1no.

2 x 6312-C3

AHU-07 2 x 6206-2RS-C3 N.A 1no.

2 x 6311-C3

AHU-01 2 x 6206-2RS-C3 N.A 1no.

92
Filter with synthetic Self supported rigid

Media G4 Per AHU Filter F9 per AHU


592x592x 287x592x 592x592x38 287x59
Equipment Belts Size 48 48 0 2x380 Qty
2500 SPC(v-
AHU-02 belt,H18mm,W22mm,L2500mm 18 6 18 6 1set

AHU-03 N.A 12 4 12 4 1set

AHU-04 N.A 6 3 6 3 1set

AHU-05 N.A 9 - 9 - 1set

MAU-01 N.A 16 8 8 6 1set

AHU-06 N.A 6 2 6 - 1set

AHU-07 N.A 10 5 4 5 1set

AHU-01 N.A 6 3 6 3 1set

93
11.0. ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND
CONTROL SYSTEM OPERATION
AND PROGRAMING.

94
1. ENEGY MANAGEMENT :
• MONITORING:

a. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure , humidity , and other


sensor reading shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend
data shall be developed which includes energy savings created
by internal heat recovery coils. Reading and trends shall be
stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper and valve
positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

95
AHU-A01-BM-002 and associated EF-A01-BM-001
1. Supply fan control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.
1. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

2. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

3. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

4. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be
enabled.

5. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan speed
adjusted to maintain set point. Before the fan speed is reduced to the point where
the fan is in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

6. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall
open to minimum outside air shown on schedule and the normally open return air
control damper are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be
energized.

• when the fan is de-energized for any reason the outside air control damper
shall close and the return air control damper shall open.
96
2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS
• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to clean
or replace.

3. Relief Fan Control:

1. The relief fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across the
fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be enabled.

• The relief fan shall be energized when the supply fan is energized and shall be
de-energized when the supply fan is de-energized.

• The relief fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure. Refer to
the outside air control. 97
4. Out side Air Control:

1. Minimum outside air show on schedule, no further increase in outside air shall be
provided.

2. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm be
sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return CO2
drops below the setpoint, at which The return air CO2 sensor shall modulate the
outside air control damper to maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the
return air CO2 setpoint (600 PPM above the baseline adjustable).

3. The outside air flow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside sir show on schedule, no further increase in outside
air shall be provided.

4. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air damper shall modulate
to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measured by the flow station and the
CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2 setpoint.

5. The relief air damper shall modulate in conjunction with the outside air damper. The
relief air fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure.

98
a) The relief fan speed shall modulate to maintain the building at a positive
pressure of 13PA (adjustable).

b) If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure set point, the
space static pressure sensor shall override the CO2 control as required to
maintain the building positive pressure and use the airflow monitoring station to
validate the control of the outside air control damper to the minimum required
outside air flow rate.

c) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate. The return air control
damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control damper.

99
5. CO2 Monitoring:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring shall take CO2 concentration reading
periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be stored by
the BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration stored by the BMS
shall be baseline CO2 concentration for the return air setpoint.

6. Discharge air condition control:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees c


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the


Chilled water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature
will be the mixed air condition.

3. The system contains external heat recovery coils. The devices are heat pipe
type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The external heat recovery
coil will provide sensible cooling to the incoming outside air.

100
7. Monitoring:

1. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure, humidity, and other sensor readings
shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend data shall be developed
which includes energy savings created by internal heat recovery coils.
Readings and trends shall be stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper
and valve positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

AIR HANDLING UNIT (AHU-003/004/005)

1. Supply fan control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its


variable frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located


across the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence
shall be enabled. 101
6. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan speed
adjusted to maintain set point. Before the fan speed is reduced to the point
where the fan is in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

7. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall
open to minimum outsides air shown on schedule and the normally open return
air control damper shall be closed to the return air required. When both damper
are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be energized.

2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity
values monitored through BMS

• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to
clean or replace.

102
3. Outside air control:
1. Minimum outside air show on schedule, no further increase in outside air shall be
provided.

2. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm be
sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return CO2
drops below the setpoint, at which The return air CO2 sensor shall modulate the
outside air control damper to maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the
return air CO2 setpoint (600 PPM above the baseline adjustable).

3. The outside air flow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside sir show on schedule, no further increase in outside
air shall be provided.

4. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air damper shall modulate
to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measured by the flow station and the
CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2 setpoint.

5. The relief air damper shall modulate in conjunction with the outside air damper. The
relief air fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure.

103
a) The relief fan speed shall modulate to maintain the building at a positive
pressure of 13PA (adjustable).

b) If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure setpoint, the
space static pressure sensor shall override the CO2 control as required to
maintain the building positive pressure and use the airflow monitoring station to
validate the control of the outside air control damper to the minimum required
outside air flow rate.

c) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate.

d) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper.

104
4. CO2 Monitoring:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring shall take CO2 concentration reading
periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be stored by the
BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration stored by the BMS shall be
baseline CO2 concentration for the return air setpoint.

5. Discharge air condition control:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees c


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the Chilled
water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature will be the
mixed air condition.

105
6. Monitoring:

1. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure, humidity, and other sensor readings
shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend data shall be developed
which includes energy savings created by internal heat recovery coils.
Readings and trends shall be stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper
and valve positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

AIR HANDLING UNIT (AHU-001/006/007)

1. Supply fan control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its


variable frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located


across the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence
shall be enabled.

106
6. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan speed
adjusted to maintain setpoint. Before the fan speed is reduced to the point where
the fan is in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

7. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall
open to minimum outside air shown on schedule and the normally open return air
control damper are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be
energized.

2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS

• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to
clean or replace.

107
3. Relief fan control:

1. The relief fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be enabled.

• The relief fan shall be energized when the supply fan is energized and shall be
de-energized when the supply fan is de-energized.

• The relief fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure. Refer to
the outside air control.

108
4. Outside air control:

1. Minimum outside air show on schedule, no further increase in outside air shall be
provided.

2. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm be
sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return CO2
drops below the set point, at which The return air CO2 sensor shall modulate the
outside air control damper to maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the
return air CO2 set point (600 PPM above the baseline adjustable).

3. The outside air flow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside sir show on schedule, no further increase in outside
air shall be provided.

4. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air damper shall modulate
to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measured by the flow station and the
CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2 set point.

5. The relief air damper shall modulate in conjunction with the outside air damper. The
relief air fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure.

109
a) The relief fan speed shall modulate to maintain the building at a positive
pressure of 13PA (adjustable).

b) If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure setpoint, the
space static pressure sensor shall override the CO2 control as required to
maintain the building positive pressure and use the airflow monitoring station to
validate the control of the outside air control damper to the minimum required
outside air flow rate.

c) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate.

d) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper.

110
5. CO2 Monitoring:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring shall take CO2 concentration reading
periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be stored by
the BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration stored by the BMS
shall be baseline CO2 concentration for the return air set point.

6. Discharge air condition control:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees c


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the


Chilled water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature
will be the mixed air condition.

3. The system contains external heat recovery coils. The devices are heat pipe
type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The external heat recovery
coil will provide sensible cooling to the incoming outside air.

111
7. Monitoring:

1. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure, humidity, and other sensor readings
shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend data shall be developed which
includes energy savings created by internal heat recovery coils. Readings and
trends shall be stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper and valve
positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

MAKE UP AIR UNIT ( MAU-A01-BM-001)

1. Fan Control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its


variable frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is in the off position the fan shall be de-energized and the
outside air damper shall be closed.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. When the fan is enabled , the normally closed outside air control damper shall
be opened. When the damper is proven open by the end switch, the fan shall112
be energized. Interlock with IAC fan.
6. When the fan is de-energized for any reason the damper shall close.

7. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan. Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be
enabled.

8. Upon completion of system air balance, the resultant duct pressure transmitter
and the fan speed adjusted to maintain system operating set point.

9. Airflow station shall be used to monitor total outside airflow.

2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS
• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to
clean or replace.

113
3. Discharge air condition control:

1. When the outside air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the chilled water
control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature will be the heat
recovery discharge condition.

2. When the outside air temperature is above 11 C (adjustable) the discharge air
condition from the chilled water coil shall be controlled to maintain a wet bulb
temperature less than or equal to 11 degrees C (adjustable).

3. The discharge air condition will be sensed by a temperature sensor and a relative
humidity sensor. The BMS shall calculated to maintain the discharge air condition set
point.

4. The unit contains both exhaust and internal heat recovery coils. The coils are heat
pipe type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The exhaust heat recovery coil
will provide sensible cooling upstream of the chilled water coil and re-heat downstream
of each portion of the heat recovery coils.

5. The unit contains both exhaust and internal heat recovery coils. The coils are heat
pipe type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The exhaust heat recovery coil
will provide sensible cooling the incoming make –up air and is provided on all units.

6. The internal heat recovery coil provides sensible cooling upstream of the chilled water
coil and re-heat downstream of the chilled water coil. The BMS shall record discharge
air conditions downstream of each portion of the heat recovery coils.
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
12.0. CONTROL SEQUENCE AND STRATEGIES.

123
AIR HANDLING UNIT (AHU-A01-BM-002)

The air handling unit supplies conditioned air to the spaces using a variable
air volume air handling unit. The components include pre- and final filters, chilled
water coil and supply fan. Supply temperature will be at a constant temperature
with variable flow air volume boxes. AHU take in outside air directly from make-
up air handling unit whose control are described elsewhere. Control for variable
air volume boxes are described elsewhere. The control sequence is as follows;

AHU-A01-BM-002 and associated EF-A01-BM-001


1. Supply fan control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.
1. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

2. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

3. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

4. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be
enabled.

124
6. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan speed
adjusted to maintain setpoint. Before the fan speed is reduced to the point where the
fan is in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

7. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall open
to minimum outside air shown on schedule and the normally open return air control
damper are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be energized.

• when the fan is de-energized for any reason the outside air control damper shall
close and the return air control damper shall open.
2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS
• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to clean
or replace.

3. Relief Fan Control:

1. The relief fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS. 125
5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located
across the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall
be enabled.

• The relief fan shall be energized when the supply fan is energized and
shall be de-energized when the supply fan is de-energized.

• The relief fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure. Refer
to the outside air control.

126
4. Out side Air Control:

1. Minimum outside air show on schedule, no further increase in outside air shall be
provided.

2. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm be
sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return CO2
drops below the setpoint, at which The return air CO2 sensor shall modulate the
outside air control damper to maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the
return air CO2 setpoint (600 PPM above the baseline adjustable).

3. The outside air flow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside sir show on schedule, no further increase in outside
air shall be provided.

4. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air damper shall modulate
to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measured by the flow station and the
CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2 setpoint.

5. The relief air damper shall modulate in conjunction with the outside air damper. The
relief air fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure.

127
a) The relief fan speed shall modulate to maintain the building at a positive
pressure of 13PA (adjustable).

b) If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure set point, the
space static pressure sensor shall override the CO2 control as required to
maintain the building positive pressure and use the airflow monitoring station to
validate the control of the outside air control damper to the minimum required
outside air flow rate.

c) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate. The return air control
damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control damper.

128
5. CO2 Monitoring:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring shall take CO2 concentration reading
periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be stored by
the BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration stored by the BMS
shall be baseline CO2 concentration for the return air setpoint.

6. Discharge air condition control:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees c


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the


Chilled water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature
will be the mixed air condition.

3. The system contains external heat recovery coils. The devices are heat pipe
type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The external heat recovery
coil will provide sensible cooling to the incoming outside air.

129
7. Monitoring:

1. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure, humidity, and other sensor readings
shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend data shall be developed
which includes energy savings created by internal heat recovery coils.
Readings and trends shall be stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper
and valve positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

AIR HANDLING UNIT (AHU-003/004/005)

• The air handling unit supplies conditioned air to the spaces using a
variable air volume air handling unit.

• The components include pre- and final filters, chilled water coil and supply
fan.

• Supply temperature will be at a constant temperature will be at a


constant temperature with variable flow air volume boxes. AHU takes In
outside air directly from make-up air handling unit whose control are
described elsewhere. Controls for variable air volume boxes are
described elsewhere. Control sequence is as follows;

130
1. Supply fan control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its


variable frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located


across the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall
be enabled.

6. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan speed
adjusted to maintain set point. Before the fan speed is reduced to the point
where the fan is in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

7. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall
open to minimum outsides air shown on schedule and the normally open return
air control damper shall be closed to the return air required. When both damper
are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be energized.

1. When the fan is de-energized for any reason the outside air control
damper shall close and the return air control damper shall open.
131
2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS
• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to clean
or replace.
3. Outside air control:
1. Minimum outside air show on schedule, no further increase in outside air shall be
provided.

2. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm be
sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return CO2
drops below the setpoint, at which The return air CO2 sensor shall modulate the
outside air control damper to maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the
return air CO2 setpoint (600 PPM above the baseline adjustable).

3. The outside air flow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside sir show on schedule, no further increase in outside
air shall be provided.

4. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air damper shall modulate
to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measured by the flow station and the
CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2 setpoint.

5. The relief air damper shall modulate in conjunction with the outside air damper. The
relief air fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure. 132
a) The relief fan speed shall modulate to maintain the building at a positive
pressure of 13PA (adjustable).

b) If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure setpoint, the
space static pressure sensor shall override the CO2 control as required to
maintain the building positive pressure and use the airflow monitoring station to
validate the control of the outside air control damper to the minimum required
outside air flow rate.

c) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate.

d) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper.

133
4. CO2 Monitoring:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring shall take CO2 concentration reading
periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be stored by the
BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration stored by the BMS shall be
baseline CO2 concentration for the return air setpoint.

5. Discharge air condition control:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees c


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the Chilled
water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature will be the
mixed air condition.

134
6. Monitoring:

1. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure, humidity, and other sensor readings
shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend data shall be developed
which includes energy savings created by internal heat recovery coils.
Readings and trends shall be stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper
and valve positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

AIR HANDLING UNIT (AHU-001/006/007)

• The air handling unit supplies conditioned air to the spaces using a
variable air volume air handling unit. The components include pre- and final
filters, chilled water coil and supply fan. Supply temperature will be at a
constant temperature will be at a constant temperature with variable flow air
volume boxes. AHU takes in outside air directly from make-up air handling
unit whose control are described elsewhere. Controls for variable air volume
boxes are described elsewhere.

The sequence applies to the following AHU:

• AHU-A01-BM-004-001 and associated internal exhaust/relief fan.

• AHU-A01-BM-002-006 and associated internal exhaust/relief fan.

• AHU-A01-BM-002-007 and associated internal exhaust/relief fan.


135
1. Supply fan control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be
enabled.

6. The duct pressure shall be sensed by a pressure transmitter and the fan speed
adjusted to maintain setpoint. Before the fan speed is reduced to the point where
the fan is in surge, the fan shall be de-energized.

7. When the fan is enabled, the normally closed outside air control damper shall
open to minimum outside air shown on schedule and the normally open return air
control damper are proven open by their respective end switch, the fan shall be
energized.

• when the fan is de-energized for any reason the outside air control damper
shall close and the return air control damper shall open. 136
2. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS
• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to clean
or replace.

3. Relief fan control:

1. The relief fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is the off position the fan shall be de-energized.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be enabled.

• The relief fan shall be energized when the supply fan is energized and shall be
de-energized when the supply fan is de-energized.

• The relief fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure. Refer to
the outside air control. 137
4. Outside air control:

1. Minimum outside air show on schedule, no further increase in outside air shall be
provided.

2. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm be
sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return CO2
drops below the set point, at which The return air CO2 sensor shall modulate the
outside air control damper to maintain the minimum outside air flow to satisfy the
return air CO2 set point (600 PPM above the baseline adjustable).

3. The outside air flow station shall measure the outside air flow. If the outside air flow
reaches the minimum outside sir show on schedule, no further increase in outside
air shall be provided.

4. If the return CO2 should increase above 1000PPM (adjustable) then an alarm shall
be sent to the BMS and the outside air control damper shall open until the return
CO2 drops below the setpoint, at which time the outside air damper shall modulate
to the schedule minimum outside air flow as measured by the flow station and the
CO2 shall modulate the outside air control damper to maintain the CO2 set point.

5. The relief air damper shall modulate in conjunction with the outside air damper. The
relief air fan shall modulate to maintain the building static pressure.

138
a) The relief fan speed shall modulate to maintain the building at a positive
pressure of 13PA (adjustable).

b) If the space static pressure drops below the space static pressure setpoint, the
space static pressure sensor shall override the CO2 control as required to
maintain the building positive pressure and use the airflow monitoring station to
validate the control of the outside air control damper to the minimum required
outside air flow rate.

c) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper to the minimum required outside air flow rate.

d) The return air control damper shall modulate inversely to the outside air control
damper.

139
5. CO2 Monitoring:

1. The outside air CO2 monitoring shall take CO2 concentration reading
periodically. The CO2 concentration readings and trends shall be stored by
the BMS. The average outside air CO2 concentration stored by the BMS
shall be baseline CO2 concentration for the return air set point.

6. Discharge air condition control:

1. The discharge air temperature shall be maintained at 12.5 degrees c


(adjustable) by modulating the chilled water control valve.

2. When the mixed air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the


Chilled water control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature
will be the mixed air condition.

3. The system contains external heat recovery coils. The devices are heat pipe
type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The external heat recovery
coil will provide sensible cooling to the incoming outside air.

140
7. Monitoring:

1. All speed, flow, temperature, pressure, humidity, and other sensor readings
shall be available for viewing at the BMS. Trend data shall be developed which
includes energy savings created by internal heat recovery coils. Readings and
trends shall be stored, available and retrievable. Also, damper and valve
positions shall be available for viewing at the BMS.

MAKE UP AIR UNIT ( MAU-A01-BM-001)


1. The make-up air handling unit is a 100 percent outside air unit.

2. The components included pre- and final filters exhaust heat recovery coil,
chilled water coil with internal heat recovery coils, electric reheat coil and fan.

3. The unit shall provide a constant air flow at a wet bulb temperature less than or
equal to the representative space dew point temperature.

4. The unit will supply make-up air directly to the associated air handling units or
fan coil units as shown on the drawings.

141
1. Fan Control:

1. The supply fan shall be controlled by a hand-off-auto (HOA) switch at its variable
frequency drive.

2. When the switch is in the hand position the fan shall be energized.

3. When the switch is in the off position the fan shall be de-energized and the outside
air damper shall be closed.

4. When the switch is in the auto position, the fan shall be enabled by the BMS.

5. When the fan is enabled , the normally closed outside air control damper shall be
opened. When the damper is proven open by the end switch, the fan shall be
energized. Interlock with IAC fan.

6. When the fan is de-energized for any reason the damper shall close.

7. Proof of flow shall be confirmed by the pressure differential switch located across
the fan. Once flow has been proven the remainder of this sequence shall be
enabled.

8. Upon completion of system air balance, the resultant duct pressure transmitter
and the fan speed adjusted to maintain system operating set point.

9. Airflow station shall be used to monitor total outside airflow. 142


2. Discharge air condition control:

1. When the outside air temperature is below 11 degrees C (adjustable) the chilled water
control valve shall be closed and the discharge air temperature will be the heat
recovery discharge condition.

2. When the outside air temperature is above 11 C (adjustable) the discharge air
condition from the chilled water coil shall be controlled to maintain a wet bulb
temperature less than or equal to 11 degrees C (adjustable).

3. The discharge air condition will be sensed by a temperature sensor and a relative
humidity sensor. The BMS shall calculated to maintain the discharge air condition set
point.

4. The unit contains both exhaust and internal heat recovery coils. The coils are heat
pipe type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The exhaust heat recovery coil
will provide sensible cooling upstream of the chilled water coil and re-heat downstream
of each portion of the heat recovery coils.

5. The unit contains both exhaust and internal heat recovery coils. The coils are heat
pipe type coils and therefore have no direct controls. The exhaust heat recovery coil
will provide sensible cooling the incoming make –up air and is provided on all units.

6. The internal heat recovery coil provides sensible cooling upstream of the chilled water
coil and re-heat downstream of the chilled water coil. The BMS shall record discharge
air conditions downstream of each portion of the heat recovery coils.
143
3. UV Lamp:
• UV lamp will be on when the AHU door closed condition and intensity values
monitored through BMS
• If the UV lamp intensity below 80% alarm will be received through BMS to
clean or replace.

1. Fire Alarm System

The AHU’s will shut down upon activation of Fire Alarm System when the
HOA button is in Auto mode or OFF mode.

After Fire Alarm reset the AHU’s unit will be restart automatically.

2. Electrical Kahramaa Power

The units are normally provided with KAHRAMAA power supply.

In case of power failure the unit shut down until power come back to normal
condition.

There is no secondary power source provided to AHU of A01 building.

When the KAHRAMAA power comes back the AHU’s will be restart
automatically.
144
13.0. RELEVANT HEALTH AND SAFETY
ISSUES AND CONCERNS.

145
HAZARDS AND PRECAUTIONS:

1. Service work on the system and the electrical equipment should be


carried out only by qualified and experienced personnel.

2. Disconnect the mains supply before any servicing on the air handling
unit.

3. Never enter an enclosed fan cabinet or reach into a unit while the fan is
running.

4. LOCK OPEN AND TAG the fan motor power disconnect switch before
working on a fan.

5. Do not remove access panel fasteners unit the fan is completely


stopped. Pressure developed by a moving fan can cause excessive
force against the panel and toward personnel.

6. CHECK to be sure that units are properly grounded before working on


them.

146
7. SECURE drive sheaves with rope or strap before working on a
fan and ensure that rotor cannot free-wheel.

8. DO NOT restore power to the unit until all protective walkways


inside the fan cabinet have been removed.

9. NEVER pressurize equipment in excess of specified test


pressures.

10. Start motor for short times only if cover is opened, otherwise you
risk over-loading the motor.

11. When adjusting regulating pulley, do not exceed maximum


impeller speed and admissible motor current consumption.

12. Follow all safety codes, wear safety glasses, protective clothing
and work gloves. Use quenching cloth for brazing operations

147
14.0. ENERGY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES.

148
1. STAND BY OPERATIOPN:

• UNOCCUPIED MODE:

a. UNOCCUPIED OFF MODE:

• The supply and return (if applicable) fans are de-energized. Outside
air dampers and relief air dampers are closed and return air damper
open.

b. UNOCCUPIED SETBACK
• When the highest zone temperature rises above the unoccupied
cooling temperature set point, the supply and return (if applicable)
fans energized, the outside and relief dampers are closed, and return
damper open.

• The chilled water control valve modulates to maintain the


discharge air temperature at 10°C (adjustable).

• The supply and return (if applicable) fan speed is controlled as


described in the occupied mode. When all zone temperatures are
below the unoccupied cooling temperature set point, the unit returns
to unoccupied off mode.
149
c. MORNING PRE-COOLING:

• The unit start in pre-cool mode as determined by an optimum start


program at the latest possible time to have all spaces at the occupied
temperature set point at the start of occupancy.

• During pre- cool, the supply and return (if applicable) fan speeds are
controlled as described in the occupied mode, the outside and relief
dampers are closed and return damper open.

• The chilled water control valve modulates to maintain the discharge air
temperature at 11.2°C adjustable. When all spaces have reached the
occupied zone temperature set point, the unit operates in occupied
mode.

150
15.0. WHEN AND HOW TO RE-
COMMISSION THE SYSTEM TO ENSURE
FUTURE RE-COMMISSIONIN TESTING
CAN BE COMPLETED DURING DIFFERENT
SEASONAL PERIOD OR AT TIME OF
DIFFERING LOAD DEMAND.

151
RE COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES

The unit required to be re commissioned again if we replace or rectify the


following:

1. If the fan or motor replacement has been taken in place.

2. If VFD drive has been modified for setting, the frequency output may vary.

3. If there is a change or replacement in Control Valve then only water side


balancing is required.

4. If balance damper are modified or adjusted then airside balancing is


required for the system.

5. After replacement of moving parts like motor or fan the alignment need to
be done before startup of the unit.

152
1. ADDITIONAL TEST:

a. Within 90 days of completing TAB, perform additional TAB to verify that


balanced conditions are being maintained throughout and to correct
unusual conditions.

b. Seasonal Periods: If initial TAB procedures were not performed during


near-peak summer and winter conditions, perform additional TAB
during near-peak summer and winter conditions.

2. AHU’s

a. Type 1 (AHU-02/03/04/05) is a variable air volume, air handling unit with


single supply fan and VFD controlled connected to pressure
independent VAV terminals.

• Verify that the equipment is running as per sequence of operation


with all interlocked systems.

• Verify that the BMS sequence of operation complements the


terminal unit or VAV box manufactures installed control system.

• Measure the motor voltage and amperage. 153


• Measure the motor voltage and amperage.

• Confirm that the voltage and amperage matches the motor rating.

• Verify correct rotation.

• Measure fan RPM and correct to design RPM.

• Posture the system OA and RA dampers for maximum demand.

• Verify the adequate supply duct static pressure is available to


allow balancing of VAV boxes

154
3. AHU’s
a. Type 2 (AHU-01/06/07) is a variable air volume, air handling unit
with double fans (Supply and return) and VFD controlled connected
to pressure independent VAV terminals.

• Verify that the equipment is running as per sequence of


operation with all interlocked systems.

• Verify that the BMS sequence of operation complements the


terminal unit or VAV box manufactures installed control system.

• Measure the motor voltage and amperage.

• Confirm that the voltage and amperage matches the motor


rating.

• Verify correct rotation.

• Measure fan RPM and correct to design RPM.

• Posture the system OA and RA dampers for maximum demand.

• Verify the adequate supply duct static pressure is available to


155
allow balancing of VAV boxes
• Balance the outlets on each terminals unit within the tolerances of -10% to 10%
of design air flow rate if the total is within -10% to 10% of design. If not, the
investigate and make adjustments as necessary.

• Identify the VAV terminal unit that is the most difficult to satisfy at the existing
supply fan airflow and static pressure.

• Measure the static pressure at the unit ( the entering SP at this VAV box
should be no less than the sum of the VAV box minimum inlet SP plus the SP
resistance of the ductwork and the terminal on the discharge side of the VAV
box).

• Adjust system static pressure to the minimum value necessary to maintain


design airflow at this terminal unit.

• Measure the AHU total air volume.

• Adjust fan airflow to meet design requirements.

• The AHU is rating for TSP, measure suction and discharge static pressure at the
inlet and outlet of the fan.

• Test and record the operating static pressure at the sensor that controls the
HVAC unit fan and verify the operation of the static pressure controller.

156
• Return air fan should be adjusted to maintain a slightly positive pressure in the
building.

• Adjust and verify the AHU minimum outside air ventilation rate.

• After the VAV box balancing procedures are complete, the total system airflow is
measured by adjusting a combination of VAV boxes to maximum airflows to
match the design fan airflow. Fan performance in then measured.

• Record the final unit data to the approved test report form.

157
4. MAU
a. Type 3 is the make-up air handling unit with heating recovery coil to
provide treated fresh air the AHU’s it connected to pressure independent
VAV terminals in supply and exhaust air duct.

• Verify that the equipment is running as per sequence of operation


with all interlocked systems.

• Verify that the BMS sequence of operation complements the


terminal unit or VAV box manufactures installed control system.

• Measure the motor voltage and amperage.

• Confirm that the voltage and amperage matches the motor rating.

• Verify correct rotation.

• Measure fan RPM and correct to design RPM.

• Posture the system OA and RA dampers for maximum demand.

• Verify the adequate supply duct static pressure is available to


allow balancing of VAV boxes.
158
16.0. THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN
THE OPERATING MANUAL AND THE
LOCATION OF ALL PLANS AND
MANUALS IN THE FACILITY.

159
A01 Building - Primary School & Child Care Center

DIVISION 3 - MECHANICAL
(HVAC SYSTEM)

Volume 3.1
HVAC System
MDD1C-DSI-A01-MAN-MEP-GN-3100

Volume 3.1.1
Air Handling Units/ MAU
MDD1C-DSI-A01-MAN-MEP-GN-3101

160
17.0. DESIGN INTENT DOCUMENTS.

161
162
163
164
165
18.0. RELEVANT COMMISSIONING
REPORT DOCUMENTS

166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
19.0. ON-SITE INSPECTION AND
PRACTICAL TRAINING (MUST BE VIDEO OR
RECORDED INADDITIONAL TO
CLASSROOM TRAINING).

176
“The On-site inspections and practical training (video recorded) in
addition to classroom training and will be handed over after
completion of training”.

177
20.0. DOCUMENTATION IN THE FINAL
O&M MANUALS.

178
“Final O&M Manual will be handed over after completion of Training”.

179
21.0. HOW TO USE THE O&M MANUALS.

180
Step 1
• Locate the Major system involved and obtain the corresponding
manual number.
Example: Got to O&M Manual ref MDD1C-DSI-A01-MAN-MEP-GN-3101

Step 2
• Find the section heading that describes the information that the
reader requires.

Example: Look to Division no. 3 , Volume 3.1.1

Step 3
• To know about operational details go to Sec 16 under the table of
contents.

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
22.0. ACCEPTABLE TOLERANCES FOR
SYSTEM ADJUSTMENTS IN ALL OPERATING
MODES INCLUDING PROCEDURES FOR
DEALING WITH ABNORMAL CONDITIONS
AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS FOR WHICH
THERE IS SPECIFIED SYSTEM RESPONSE.

191
Air Handling Unit(all the parameters +/- 10% are acceptable tolerances)
SI No Description Value

1 Duct Static Pressure Set Point For Variable AHU’s 200 pa

2 Unit Discharge Temperature 11⁰ C

3 UV Lamp Intensity Set Point 80%

4 Supply, outside, Return air & Exhaust air +/-10%


Make Up Air Unit (all the parameters +/- 10% are acceptable tolerances)

SI No Description Value

1 Discharge Air Temperature at Chilled Water Cooing Coil 11⁰ C

2 Unit Discharge Temperature 20⁰ C

3 UV Lamp Intensity Set Point 80%

4 Duct Pressure set Point For Variable MAU’s 200 pa

5 Down stream reheating coil Entering air temperature DB/WB 11.7/11.3

6 Down stream reheating coil leaving air temperature DB/WB 23/15.7


192
23.0. PROCEDURES FOR DEALING WITH
THE ABNORMAL CONDITIONS AND
EMERGENCY SITUATION FOR WHICH
THERE IS A SPECIFIED SYSTEM
RESPONSE.

193
Duct static pressure reduced to below 10% of 200pa need to check the AHU running
status and setting of frequency in the VFD panel, Fan running status and operational of
differential pressure sensor accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Duct static pressure increased to above 10% of 200pa need to check the AHU running
status and setting of frequency in the VFD panel, fan running status, all the dampers
position and operational of differential pressure sensor accordingly reconfirm and
rectify.

Unit discharge temperature reduced to below 10% of 11c need to check the AHU chilled
water line motorized valve position might 100% opened not modulating, running status
and setting of frequency in the VFD panel accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Unit discharge temperature increased to above 10% of 11c need to check the AHU
chilled water line motorized valve position might closed, not modulating or strainer
blocked , running status and setting of frequency in the VFD panel accordingly reconfirm
and rectify.

UV lamp intensity reduced to below 10% of 80% need to check the AHU filters(pre and
bag filters) might dirty, running status and setting of frequency in the VFD panel
accordingly reconfirm and rectify.
UV lamp intensity increased to above 10% of 80% need to check the lamp operational,
running status and setting of frequency in the VFD panel accordingly reconfirm and
rectify. 194
Supply air reduced to below 10% need to check the AHU running status and setting of frequency
in the VFD panel, Fan running status and operational of differential pressure sensor & filters
status accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Supply air increased to above 10% need to check the AHU running status and setting of
frequency in the VFD panel, Fan running status and operational of differential pressure sensor
accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Outside air reduced to below 10% need to check the sand trap louver & IAC filter status and
setting of control damper, Fan running status accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Outside air increased to above 10% need to check the sand trap louver & IAC filter status and
setting of control damper, Fan running status accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Return air reduced to below 10% need to check the setting and position of control damper, Fan
running status accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Return air increased to above 10% need to check the setting and position of control damper, Fan
running status accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Exhaust air reduced to below 10% need to check the setting and position of control damper, Fan
running status and back draught damper accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Exhaust air reduced to above 10% need to check the setting and position of control damper, Fan
running status and back draught damper accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

195
Temperature of heating coil in MAU increased to 10% above need to check the power
supply and operational of heating coil accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

Temperature of heating coil in MAU decreased to 10% below need to check the power
supply and operational of heating coil accordingly reconfirm and rectify.

196
24.0. SOFT COPY OF TRAINING
DOCUMENTATION PROVIDED.

197
“ Attached the soft copy C.D of Training Manual Air Handling Unit
System”.

198
NAMES & ADDRESS OF
MANUFACTURER, SUPPLIER& LOCAL
AGENT

199
200
ANY QUESTION?

201