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Mhira I.

Ramirez
BSA/III-A
Federalism
• From latin word foedus, “formal agreement or
covenant”.

• The relationship between the central


government and its constituent units a local
levels.

• Power and authority is allocated between the


national and local government units.
UNITARY FEDERALISM
• One central • Power is shared by a
government that powerful central
controls everything. government and regional
• Power is not shared government.
between states, VS • States or provinces are
countries or given considerable self
rule, usually through
provinces.
their own legislature
History
of Federalism in the Philippines

EMILIO AGUINALDO
First President of the Philippines
 Together with Apolinario
Mabini , he suggested to
divide the islands into three
federal states.
History
of Federalism in the Philippines

JOSE ABUEVA
UP Professor
• One of the first proponents
that argued that a federal
government is necessary.
• Increase of decentralization,
greater local power and access
to resources most especially
outside Metro Manila
History
of Federalism in the Philippines

AQUILINO PIMENTEL
JR.
23rd President of the Philippine Senate
 Prominent supporter of
Federalism since 2001.
 The system as a key
component in alleviating the
Mindanao crisis and
appeasing Moro insurgents.
History
of Federalism in the Philippines

RODRIGO DUTERTE
President of the Philippines
 Beginning in late 2014, he
launched a nationwide
campaign promoting a
charter change for federalism.
 Last May 2016, he stated that
a plebiscite on the proposed
replacement of the unitary
state with a federal one will
be held in two years.
Advantages
of Federalism
• Fosters state loyalties
• Practices pragmatism
• Creates laboratories of democracy
• Encourage pluralism
• Ensures the separation of powers and prevents tyranny
Disadvantages
of Federalism
• Increases complexity and confusion
• May increase conflict when jurisdictional lines are
unclear
• May result in duplication of services and reduce
accountability
• Can result in inequalities in services and policies
Proposition
for Federalism

Joint Resolution No. 10


AQUILINO PIMENTEL JR.
• Creation of 11 states
• Each of the 11 federal states
would be represented by 6
senators, with more coming
from Manila, and 9 overseas
senators, for a total of 81
senators
States (11)
Number State Capital
1 Northern Luzon Tuguegarao
2 Central Luzon Tarlac City
3 Southern Tagalog Tagaytay
4 Minparom Mamburao
5 Bicol Legazpi
6 Eastern Visayas Cathbalogan
7 Central Visayas Toledo
8 Western Visayas Iloilo City
9 Northern Mindanao Cagayan De Oro
10 Southern Mindanao Davao City
11 BangsaMoro Marawi
Other (1)
Name Federal Administrative Region Capital
Capital Metro Manila Metro manila
Proposed designations, capital, geographic extent
Proposition
for Federalism

House Concurrent
Resolution No. 15
REP. MONICO PUENTAVILLA
 May 7, 2008
 Supported Senate Resolution
No. 10 backed by 16 senators
 Holding a constitutional
convention, but excluded the
People’s Initiative mode.
Proposition
for Federalism

Alvarez Proposal
PANTALEON ALVAREZ
 His vision for a Federal
Philippines called for 14 states.
 He also proposed that the
capital of the Philippines under
a federal government should be
somewhere in Negros island
(Kabankalan, Negros
Occidental and Mabinay,
Negros Oriental)