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Professor H.

Otley Beyer
- Eminent American authority on
Philippine Archeology and Anthropology

- He dubbed the “Dawn Man”

- And the “Father of Philippines

Java Man Peking Man
other Homo Sapiens
- An American Anthropologist
of the National Museum.

- On May 28, 1962, he discovered the

fossilized fragments of a skull and

- Those fragments are collectively called

“Tabon Man”
- a human origin were found in the
Tabon Cave of Palawan.

-that belongs to a female estimated

to be 22,000 years old
Negritos  They were the aborigines, or first
inhabitants of our country. Came from
mainland of Asia about 25 years ago
 Smallest people in the world with 1.5
meters of height
 Pygmies- because of Dwarfish stature
 Short height and black skin
 2nd group of Asian immigrants to
reach our country
 Arrived by boats from mainland of
Southeast Asia. They were the first
Indonesians seafaring immigrants to reach our
 5'6 inches to 6'2 inches of height
 From New Stone Age
 They made fire by rubbing two dry
sticks and cooked their food in
bamboo tubes
 Balangay - Sailboats the Malays used to
travel homelands of Malays
Malays  Head-hunting Java Sumatra Borneo and
Malaya Peninsula -Malays- Malays who
arrived in the 1st migratory wave
 Alphabet-using Malays -Malays who
arrived in the 2nd migratory wave
 Ancestors of the Muslims of Mindanao-
Malays who arrived in the 3rd migratory
 Moros- The term Spaniards called the
Malays who arrived in the 3rd migratory
 Malay who belong to the brown race were
of of medium height with slender but
hardy physique brown skin , straight black
 Lived in villages, wear cotton , fiber, silk
clothes, use jewelry

Early Relation with Arabia
Early Relation with Arabia
- About 200 years before the Spanish arrived in the
Philippines the Arabia traded and settled in the Philippines
- The first Arabs to come to our archipelago were merchants
in the course of trading voyages to china.

Arab Missionaries
Tukan Mashaika
- introduced islam in Sulu and Mindanao
- first missionary who reach our shores
- landed in 1380 at Simkak ( an inlet in the Sulu archipelago )
- he first propagated Islam and built the first mosqoe in the
Raha Bayinda
- second Muslim to reach our country.
- he defeated the native and compared Jolo.

Aba Bakr
- third Muslim leader
- converted the community of Sulu into Islam
- introduced the SHARI’A ( sacred order )
- founded the Saltunate of Sulu
- established the first madrasaks ( School that teaches Qu’ran )

Sharif Muhammad
- arrived in Maguindanao ( cotabato ) in 1675 and proclaimed
himself Sultan.
- soon most of Mindanao also accepted Islam all the way up to
- used of Apo ( grandchild ) , sulat ( letter ), alamat ( legend ),
salamat ( thank you ) from the arabic language.
- introduced the use of calendars to the Filipinos

Arabia – center of the commerce from India, China and Africa.

Early Relation with China
- the Filipino-Chinese trade started during the T’ang Dynasty ( 618-
907 )
- stablishing settlement and permanent trade routes, intermarrying
and introducing aspects of chinese culture
- in that year some Filipino traders on board an Arab vessel arrived
in Canton where they sold their native merchandise
- it peaked during the Ming Dynasty ( 1386 – 1666 )

1. Use of jars for burial bones
2. Food : Tofu, Hopia, Lomi, Batchoy, Goto, Siopao, Lumpia, Siomai,
Bihon, Kinchay, Petchay, Toge, Miawa, etc.
3. Use of filipino words barrowed from China

4. Established the first convenience stores/sari-sari stores

5. Wearing the “kamisa de Chino”, loose pants and Long sleeved shirt.
6. Games: Cards, sungka, flying kites
7. Customes & Traditions
-Arranged marriage
-Respect for elders
-Wearing of White for mourning.

The most influence of China : Commerce Ant Trade

Food & Drinks
- The staple food of early Filipinos was rice. Aside from rice; their
food consisted of carabao meat, pork, chiken, sea turtles, fish,
bananas and other fruit and vagetables.
Mode of Dressing

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