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Geocells are three-dimensional

honeycombed cellular structures
that form a confinement system
when In filled with compacted
soil. They are made from high-
density polyethylene (HDPE),
polyester or any other polymer
material. Extruded from
polymeric materials into strips
welded together ultrasonically in
series, the strips are expanded to
form the stiff (and typically
textured and perforated) walls of
a flexible 3D cellular mattress as
shown in Fig.
Why has the geo-cell become an integral
part of the construction industry?
The usage of geo cells has increased as it offers
various economic and environmental
advantages without compromising the quality
of construction, rather increasing it. It is light
weight, low cost and a durable material.
Benefits in terms of construction
• Increase bearing capacity and
strength of the structure up to
•Reduce vertical stress by over
50%, ensuring long life of the
•Pavement thickness reduction
factor over 70%.
• High load transfer – reduces
vertical stresses.
1. Erosion control using geocell
2. Ground stabilization using geocell
3. Retaining walls using geocell
4. Slope and Channel
5. Reservoirs and Landfills
Erosion Control
Soil particles are susceptible to being detached and
carried away with concentrated runoff streams,
forming rills and gullies that grow with time. As in Fig.
Geocell effectively holds slope cover materials in place,
thus reducing the potential for erosion. Cell walls
check the runoff streams associated with rainfall,
keeping the overall system intact.
Ground Stabilization

Geocell serves as load spreader when loads are imposed

upon the system. Furthermore, in many instances it is
possible to use locally available inexpensive aggregates in
multitude stabilization projects such as:
Roads, Access lanes, Runways, Parking lots, Railroad, track
bedding, Bedding for sewer and water pipes. Generally, in
stabilization end-use, the aggregate layer spreads the load
imposed upon it, thus reducing the pressure exerted on the
subgrade below a critical value as seen in Fig.
Retaining Walls
In order to stabilize very steep slopes, retaining walls are
constructed. Geocell serves as both the facia and the reinforcing
element. The cells not only hold the soil in place, they also provide
drainage throughout the structure. An additional benefit is that the
outer cells can be vegetated shown in Fig. Thus giving the wall a
pleasing and environmentally compatible look. The size of the
expanded Geocell panels increases the effective thickness of the
retaining wall.
Slope & Channel Protection
The three-dimensional lateral confinement of Geocell along with
anchoring techniques ensures the long-term stability of slopes
using vegetated topsoil, aggregate or concrete surfacing . The
enhanced drainage, frictional forces and cell-soil-plant interaction
of Geocell prevents down slope movement and limits the impact
of raindrops, channeling and hydraulic shear stresses. Typical
applications include: construction cut and fill slopes and
stabilization; road and rail embankments; pipeline stabilization
and storage facility berms; channel and coastline structures and
this could be seen in Fig.