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Constructivist architecture was a form
of modern architecture that
flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s
and early 1930s. It combined advanced
technology and engineering
with an avowedly Communist
social purpose.
The Print Shop of “Ogonyok”
Designed by El Lissitzky

Zuez Workers’ Club, 1927

Narkomfin Buildingby Moisel Ginzburg. Currently under threat of
demolition, the building is at the top of UNESCO’s 'Endangered Buildings'
list, and there is an international campaign to save it
House of Printing (1935) in Kazan by Semen Pen
Van Nelle Factory in Rotterdam by Leendert van der
Vlugt and Mart Stam 1927-31
MPS Building, Moscow Ivan Fomin, 1930
Structural functionalism
Structural functionalism, or
simply functionalism, is a framework for
building theory that sees society as a complex
system whose parts work together to promote
solidarity and stability.
The basis for the
new architectural movement of the
1920s was the ... In 1927 he and Erik
Bryggman presented the first Finnish
design with Functionalist themes, ...
It was perhaps Le Corbusier's "Five Points
of a New Architecture" of 1926 that, along with
his works, had the greatest effect on new
Modernist projects. The "points" were:
1) reinforced concrete column frame
2) flat roof with a terrace
3) free interior plan
4) horizontal strip windows
5) composition of the freed facade

The new style of Functionalism was first

mentioned in Finland in 1926 when the architect
Alvar Aalto wrote about the influence of Le
Corbusier on his architecture. In 1927 he and Erik
Brygmman presented the first Finnish design
with Functionalist themes, the competition entry
for the Vaasan Kauppiaiden Oy office
Rationalism is a philosophical
movement which gathered momentum
during the Age of Reason of the 17th
Century. It is usually associated with the
introduction of mathematical methods
into philosophy during this period by the
major rationalist figures, Descartes,
Leibniz and Spinoza.
In architecture, rationalism is
an architectural current which mostly
developed from Italy in the 1920s-1930s.
Vitruvius had claimed in his work De
Architectura that architecture is a science that
can be comprehended rationally.
Mies Van de Rohe
Seagram Building

Le Corbusier
Villa Savoy

Beaux-Arts architecture
Beaux-Arts architecture expresses the
academic neoclassical architectural style
taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris
Beaux Arts is an opulent subset of the
Neoclassical and Greek Revival
architectural styles.
Beaux Arts style - Louvre_Aile
The Grand Palais (1897-1900) in Paris, built in the style of Beaux-
Arts architecture
The Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts -
École supérieure des Arts de la Ville de
Bruxelles (ARBA-ESA), in
Dutch Koninklijke Academie voor Schone
Kunsten van Brussel, is the Belgian art
school, established in Brussels in the
Kingdom of Belgium. It was founded in
1711. At the beginning housed in a single
room in the city hall, in 1876 the school
moved to a former convent and orphanage
in the Rue du Midi, rehabilitated by the
architect Pierre-Victor Jamaer, where the
school still operates.
Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, 1935
Architect Victor Horta (1901) Batiment
Horta - rue Neuve à Bruxelles.
Victor Horta (1903/05): New department store Grand
Bazar with Art Nouveau façade . In 1937/38 it had to
make way for the new Woolworth department store.
Situation, as it was found in 1910.
Victor Horta: Hotel Solvay, Avenue Louise
81 - Art Nouveau, Brussels.