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Auxiliary Motions

Govardhana Rao chilukoti

Assistant professor
in Figure 9.9:
Warp Protection mechanism
• Loose Reed
A= Reed
B= Reed cap
C= Race board
D= Reed case
E= Frog
F= Heater
G= Bowl
H= Bow spring
J= Stop rod finger
S= Stop rod
K= Serrated bracket
L= Starting handle
• Fast reed
The swell used for shuttle
checking is attached with the back wall of
the shuttle box. When the shuttle reaches
the shuttle box safely, the swell retards the
shuttle and in the process the swell is
displaced towards the left. Therefore, the
finger-dagger assembly rotates
anticlockwise. Thus when the dagger moves
forward with the sley, it clears the frog
which is fixed on the loom frame. If the
shuttle is trapped inside the shed, then the
dagger hits the frog when the sley assembly
moves towards the right (front centre) for
performing the beat up. The frog is
connected with the starting handle of the
loom. The loom is stopped immediately
with loud sound and it is known as ‘bang-
Fast-reed Loose-reed
Shuttle should reach the swell at 250° and
should displace the swell completely by No such limitation of timing.

Less time available for shuttle flight. So, More time available for shuttle flight. Higher
limitation imposed on higher loom speed. loom speed can be attained.

For same loom speed, shuttle velocity will For same loom speed, shuttle velocity will be
be relatively higher. relatively lower.

Strain in warp yarn in lower in case of Strain in warp yarn in higher in case of shuttle
shuttle trapping. trapping.
Weft Stop-motions
• Side Weft Form Motion
Center Weft Fork Motion
Warp Stop-Motions
Mechanical warp stop motion
• When the dropper (1) freely falls between two
teeth due to warp yarn (2) breakage, it stops the
reciprocation of the middle bar (4) which is
connected to the stopping mechanism of the
• It is important that the middle bar is adjusted
in such a way to prevent the dropper falling on
the top of a tooth, a situation which has no
effect in triggering the action of the loom
stopping mechanism.
Loom Temples

• The warp sheet normally contracts from 2 to

15 percent in width from reed to the cloth.
This contraction is due to interlacement of
warp and weft.
Types of Temples
• Ring Temples
– In ring temples the rings are usually at an angle of
12 deg to 21 deg and the angle reduces in steps of
3 deg towards the centre of the cloth.
Roller Temples
• The roller temples usually have two rollers
supported at both ends which guide the fabric
in the warp directions by means of raised
points. The rollers are usually of steel and are
covered with rubber or plastics.
Full Width Temples
• The full width temples hold the fabric across
its full width under uniform tension. The
advantages of using full width temples are
that weaving can be done at lower warp