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MEMBERS

Alcázar Vargas, Jonathan


Macazana Chumbes, Shirley Paola
Ortega Cruz, Maicol
Vilca Flores, Kadely
Peru floods in line with
climate change models,
says climatologist Mojib
Latif
What is causing the extremely
heavy rainfall in Peru?

The heavy rains in Peru are caused by


the greenhouse gases that cause global
warming, in turn, causing the ocean to
heat up to 2000 meters below, it is
regarded as a kind of coastal of El niño
event because of the child is
characterized by the enormously high
sea surface temperatures.
So what is the difference between a
coastal El Niño and an ordinary El Niño?
 thedifference between a coastal El Niño
and an ordinary El Niño is that Ordinary El
Niño basically cover most of the tropical
Pacific and have global impacts and the
Coastal El Niño have regional impacts and
are restricted to the coast.
So are we just talking about a
natural development here?
 We can´t know with accuracy that is
natural so that event El Niño is
happening with major probability in
this time.
 The last event was in 2015/16, where
caused a lot of damage, principally in
Peru´s coast and others locations.
Between the damages, we have:
 Floods by cause the rains, sliding,
mudslide, overflowing and deads.
 Now we should see that this event will
create global impacts and this repeat
for a short time in this decade.
Some experts have been saying the
last similar event was nearly a century
ago in 1925?
 Normally the dates in which the child's event
takes place is in December but now we are
seeing it develop in March, for this we must
know if this increase in temperature and
changes in dates of events will generate
many changes in the environment.
 We can say that the frequency of "El Niño" is
increasing alarmingly and is gaining a lot in
recent decades.
 Whether this is already a trend or not, it is
hard to say, but some climate models really
project that this is exactly what is going to
happen in response to climate change.
The seawater is extremely warm for this
time of year, Is this possible without any
human interference in the form of CO2
emissions?
 No, because we can't explain the warming of the
oceans without taking into account human-caused
carbon dioxide emissions.
 The oceans are warm down to 2,000 meters. Actually,
the oceans have taken more than 90% of the heat
that has been trapped in the earth's system in
response to the increase of greenhouse gas emissions.
This ocean warming also leads to a sea level rise.
 So about half of the sea level rise, we have observed
over the last century is actually due to ocean
warming due to thermal expansion.