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Gas Protocol
What is GHG Protocol

 most widely used international

accounting tool for government and
business leaders to understand, quantify,
and manage greenhouse gas emissions
 The GHG Protocol arose when WRI and
WBCSD recognized that an international
standard for corporate GHG accounting
and reporting would be necessary in light
of evolving climate change policy.
 Safe Climate, Sound Business
 The Greenhouse Gas Protocol: A
Corporate Accounting and Reporting
 Since then the GHG Protocol has built
upon the Corporate Standard by
developing a suite of calculation tools to
assist companies in calculating their
greenhouse gas emissions and additional
guidance documents such as the GHG
Protocol for Project Accounting.
Objectives of GHG Protocol
 To help companies prepare a GHG inventory

 To simplify and reduce the costs of compiling a

GHG inventory

 To provide business with information that can be

used to build an effective strategy to manage and
reduce GHG emissions

 To provide information that facilitates participation

in voluntary and mandatory GHG programs

 To increase consistency and transparency in GHG

accounting and reporting among various
companies and GHG programs.
Other GHG programs
 Voluntary GHG reduction programs

 National and regional industry initiatives

 GHG trading programs

 Sector-specific
protocols developed by a
number of industry associations
Calculation Tools
 Cross-sector tools

 Country-specific tools

 Sector-specific tools

 Tools for countries and cities

Policy and Action Standard
 An accounting and reporting standard for
estimating the greenhouse gas effects of
policies and actions
 To help users assess the GHG effects of specific policies
and actions in an accurate, consistent, transparent,
complete, and relevant way

 To help policymakers and other decision makers develop

effective strategies for managing and reducing GHG
emissions through a better understanding of the emissions
impacts of policies and actions

 To support consistent and transparent public reporting of

emissions impacts and policy effectiveness

 To create more international consistency and

transparency in the way the GHG effects of policies and
actions are estimated
Importance of GHG
 Managing GHG risks and identifying
reduction opportunities
 Public reporting and participation in
voluntary GHG programs
 Participating in mandatory reporting
 Participating in GHG markets
 Recognition for early voluntary action.