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CONTENT

•SYNOPSIS……………………………………………………….…..2-5
1. INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………..6-9
1.1 INTRODUCTION TO INSTITUTIONS
1.2 STATUS OF ARCHITECTURE COLLEGE IN INDIA
1.3 ROLE OF COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURE (COA)
1.4 ABOUT SCHOOL OF & ARCHITECTURE , DELHIPLANNING
2 . DESIGN BRIEF…………………………………………………10-23
2.1 DATA COLLECTION
2.2 CRITERIA FOR AREA PROVISIONS FOR CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT AT VASANT KUNJ
2.3 REQUIREMENTS FOR SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE
2.4 AREA STATEMENT
3 . SITE ANALYSIS…………………………………………………24-30
3.1 SITE LOCATION
3.2 SITE AND ITS NEIGHOURHOOD
3.3 SLOPE ANALYSIS
3.4 SITE CHARACTERISTICS
4 . CASE STUDIES…………………………………………………31-44
CASE STUDY 1- C.E.P.T. AHMEDABAD
CASE STUDY 2 –CCA, CHANDIGARH
CASE STUDY 3– SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA
4.1 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
SYNOPSIS

AIM- To analyze and understand the essential architectural design qualities of space in a college of architecture and to design the
college of Architecture & Planning.

OBJECTIVES

•To understand spaces through case studies and data analysis.


•To carefully design spaces so as to bring about interaction among the students and teachers and make the building an ideal
place for education.
•It should ensure an environment suitable for moulding young designers of good quality.
•The design should have enough freedom so that it can keep itself away from external pressure.
•The design should have no feeling of restriction for the exchange of ideas and the faculty and the students should have
freedom to teach and learn anywhere apart from classrooms.
•To establish an attitude of life long learning, to prepare professionals with ethical standards based on genuine concern for
improving the quality of life for individual and society.
1.3 REASON FOR SELECTION OF PARTICULAR TOPIC

As an architecture student I feel that the school where an architecture student spends 5 most valuable years of his life studying has
a direct influence on his career.
Intelligence, creativity, sensitivity and a thorough knowledge of the arts and science are essential for achieving distinguished
architecture and the school plays a major role in providing the right kind of ambience to achieve the above qualities.
Thus after being an architecture student for 3 and half years I felt that there is a need to prepare professionals with ethical
standards based on genuine concern for improving the quality of life of individuals and society.
Thus there arises a need for a school where the students can discover, integrate, articulate and apply knowledge. My aim is to what
they exactly want and help them mould themselves in that particular field.
On the other hand there is'nt much architecture college in india in comparison to UK and United States. Thus the aim is to have an
architecture college with full equipped from facilities to educational system and to be equal with an architecture college's standard.
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SCOPE OF DESIGN

School of Planning and Architecture is a big institute and developing a minimum 5,000 Sq.m campus in itself is a
big task. The scope of my design would basically concentrate on the overall master planning of the campus of
architecture institute. Therefore few areas would not be detailed and will just be marked for future
development. Areas which will be detailed out are:-
•Undergraduate degree course for architecture (B.Arch)
•Postgraduate degree course for architecture (M.Arch)
•Undergraduate degree course for Planning (B.Planning)
•Postgraduate degree course for Planning (M.Planning)
•Hostel blocks
•Staff residence
•Sport facilities
•Workshop
•Auditorium
•Canteen
•Cafeteria
•Playgrounds
•Studios
•Administration block
•Open green space for interaction
•Landscape

ABOUT THE SITE

Site Area ‐ 80,000 sq.mt . The new School of Planning and Architecture (SPA)
is located in vasant kunj in south delhi

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CASE STUDIES

CCA CHANDIGARH-

 The building designed around a courtyard, yet it fails to take the advantage of the courtyard in an active
manner due to the doubly loaded corridors.
Due to the horizontal stacking of studies, interaction among the students take place only in the corridor.
The form of the building is the reflection of creativity in itself and it allows to bring the north light.

CEPT AHMEDABAD- The overall planning of the campus has been on the concept of a central courtyard
with built masses on 3 sides and a dense green belt on the 4th side which gives the necessary protection
from the vehicular traffic on the university main road.

METHODOLOGY

Live case studies-


CCA, Chandigarh
CEPT university, Ahmedabad Gujarat
Net case studies-
School of Architecture, Seoul National university, South Korea

With the reference of above mentioned case studies, derivation of the design requirements based on analysis of spaces
and facilities provided in each of the establishments.

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METHODOLOGY

5
CHAPTER-1
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION

Due to change in social life of people, need of society with regards to built environment is changing significantly. As a result
we require more houses, public buildings, hospitals, institutions etc. This change demanded more skilled personnel,
particularly architects to design optimally and help implementing the facilities.

1.1 INTRODUCTION TO INSTITUTIONS

An educational institution is an ensemble of buildings, each other and how to behave with surroundings. landscape, and
infrastructure used for education.
An institution is defined as a self contained architecture A campus should have residence for guests and visitor who composition
of separation university buildings in a park study design, construction and encourage them to develop temporarily want to stay
for the purpose of works. creative as well as technical abilities in a student. setting with residential accommodation, library,
class- A campus should have a strong administrative staff to co-room, etc. for a community of student and teachers.

1.2 STATUS OF ARCHITECTURE COLLEGE IN INDIA

Architecture Colleges in India can be called foundation stones for building varied career in architecture. Architecture in India is
very ancient and can be traced back to Indus Valley Civilization during 3300 BCE-1300BCE. The civilization was known for its grid
layout planning of the cities with roads at exact right angles. But the earliest architecture institute in India came up during
1857. Sir J.J. school of Architecture, Mumbai was the First Modern College which introduced a structured course in architecture. In
prevalent times there are more than 135 institutes of architecture in India.
There are about 385 institutions, which impart architectural education in India leading to recognized qualifications. The standards
of education imparted in all architecture institutes in India is governed by Council of Architecture, a government regulatory body.
These institutes include affiliated colleges/schools, constituent colleges, deemed universities, departments of universities, IITs,
NITs and autonomous institutes.
Maharashtra has the largest number of institutes offering architecture courses, followed by Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
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UK
Population=6,22,62,000
No. of architects= 33,000
1 architect per 1887 persons
UNITED STATES
Population=30,87,45,538
No. of architects= 2,33,000
1 architect per 1325 persons
INDIA
Population=1,21,01,93,422
No. of architects= 41,000
1 architect per 26,893 persons
We require 6 lakh 41 thousand architect as per british
standards.
We require 9 lakh 13 thousand architects as per
American standards.
If we take the average of uk and usa then u require
approximately 7.5 lakhs architect in india.
Therefore estimated shortage of architects = 7 lakhs 8
1.3 ROLE OF COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURE (COA)

The council of Architecture (COA) is an autonomous statutory body of govt. of India incorporated under the Architects Act,
1972. The COA has been charged with the responsibility of enforcing the Act throughout the country, including registration of
architects, regulating the architecture profession and the architectural education at all level. The COA consists of members
nominated by the central and state government /union territories, Institutions of Engineers (India) & Institutions of surveyors
of India and members elected to represent the Indian Institues of Architects & Heads of Institutions imparting Architectural
Education.

1.4 ABOUT SCHOOL OF PLANNING & ARCHITECTURE , DELHI

School offers planning, architecture and design courses both at undergraduate and
postgraduate levels. While the Bachelor of Architecture course is one of the oldest in the
country, highly successful Bachelor of Planning course was started in 1989. Besides, the
School offers 10 postgraduate programmes and 2 undergraduate programmes along with the
doctoral programmes run by all the departments of studies.

The existing SPA Delhi campus is so scattered. Its various departments are at large distance.
This makes a lot of inconvenience and very much disconnected department. The existing SPA
campus is at indraprasth. And the hostel is at Maharani bagh, this makes a diconnection
between the building blocks and trouble for the hostel students.

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CHAPTER-2
DESIGN BRIEF
2.1 DATA COLLECTION

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12
13
THEORATICAL AREAS PRACTICAL AREAS

SPECIAL
SUBJECTS MACHINARY
CLASSES LABS MATERIALS

WORKSHOP
NORMAL
CLASSES HEAD OF
WORKSHOP
PRACTICLES,
DEMO.

CLOAKROOM,
TEACHERS' WC
PREPRATION SPECIALIST
ASSEMBLY CLASSES

SHEMATIC LAYOUT OF UNIVERSITY FACILITIES ORGANISATION OF AREAS 14


2.2

15
16
2.3 REQUIREMENTS OF SCHOOL OF PLANNING & ARCHITECTURE

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2.4 AREA STATEMENT

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF DEVELOPMENT ON SITE

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TABLE 1

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20
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CHAPTER-3
SITE ANALYSIS
SITE ANALYSIS
3.1 SITE LOCATION
Site Area ‐ 80,000 sq.mt . The new School of Planning and Architecture (SPA)
is located in vasant kunj in south delhi.

LAND USE PLAN


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3.3 SLOPE ANALYSIS

1:4 SLOPE (LEFT


OUT AS
NATURAL
FEATURE)

1:8 SLOPE (FOR


LANDSCAPE)

1:20
(CONSTRUCTION
WITH
CONSTRAINTS)

1:150 SLOPE
(GOOD FOR
CONSTRUCTION)

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3.4 SITE CHARACTERISTICS

PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS: •The nearest Metro Station is Chatarpur metro station & it is 5.8 Km from the Site.
•The nearest Railway Station is Shahbad Mohammadpur Railway staon & it is 17.4 Km from the site.
•There is a green belt & canyon on the site.
•At the surrounding of the site there is a D.P.S SCHOOL, HOTEL GRAND,
AMBIENCE MALL, TERI UNIVERSITY.

Chatarpur metro
station- 5.8 km

Railway
station- 17.4
km
From North the site is interacted from the city.

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NATURAL FEATURES

VEGETATION: There are few trees on site. It is currently covered with wild grass and dead plants. There is a
green belt at the centre of the site.
SOIL: There is red weathered soil at the site.

TOPOGRAPHY: It is a contour site having a


gentle slopes. There is a
canyon at the centre of the
site. It is 10 mtrs. In depth
and its volume is 85000
cubic meters.

SITE VIEWS

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3.5 CLIMATIC CONDITIONS

As the site is in Delhi, due to vicinity the temerature falls very sharply in winter and rises sharply during
summers afternoon. The climate of the area is composite. 2/3 year is hot and 1/3 is warm humid.

ANNUAL TEMPERATURE & RAINFALL


CHART

Months Max Min Rainfall


January 21 07 25
February 24 10 22

March 30 15 17
April 36 21 07
May 41 27 08
June 40 29 65
July 35 27 211
August 34 26 173
September 34 25 150
October 35 19 31
ORIENTATION: With North South orientation minimum solar radiation is intercapted by the walls of building in summers.
November From2911 am to 112pm most of
01the radiation is absorbed by the roof as sun is overhead. In winters, the south
side gets maximum amount of solar radiation. A slight tilt in the orientation helps in intercepting prevailing
December 23from north
winds 08east & south
05 west. East west wall exposure must be minimum. Shallow opening must be
given on east and west and it must be shaded by trees.
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CHAPTER-4
CASE STUDIES
CASE STUDIES
CASE STUDY 1 –C.E.P.T. AHMEDABAD
GENERAL INFORMATION
•Was established in 1962 by the Ahmedabad Education Society.
•Located in the Kasturbhai Lalbhai campus of the AES.
•Various Departments were build in phases, with School of Architecture in 1962, School of Planning in 1972, School of Building
Science and Technology in 1982 & School of Interior Design in 1991.

Surrounding land use and Character of urban form‐


•The campus is located in the Ahmedabad institutional area surrounded by various other institutes of Ahmadabad educational
society & Gujarat
university.
•It is supported by various commercial places adjacent to the C.E.P.T. campus. It includes markets, commercial shops, residences,
and other
public spaces like sports complex, hospitals, parks etc.
•120 ft. wide road approach road parallel to the ring road connects the campus with rest of the city, with an upcoming metro rail
and B.R.T.S.
corridor project to upkeep with the inflating population & traffic density.
•Has well maintained roads, footpaths & modern bus stops, signage board and the lush green surroundings give a soothing urban
experience to the
user. 32
•The vacant land adjacent to institutes for future expansion of the campuses keeps the massing of the built spaces low.
AHEMDABAD CLIMATE
Ahemadabad climate is hot, humid and dry with moderate rainfall. Temperature range from 45 degrees in summer and in winter
to minimum of 10 degrees.
DESIGN FEATURES
•No restriction in exchange of ideas and thoughts through informal environment.
•Provision for flexible spaces which can be used in a multifunctional manner.
•Strong connectivity between spaces making the school as an open spaces with no doors at all.
•Providing working environment which ease for faculty and students to teach , learn and interact.
•All buildings are oriented in the north – south direction. Open spaces on the north and south sides respectively
allow fresh air to ventilate the built structure.
•The open spaces and the shaded once merged with the undulating landscape.
•The open spaces is linked to the office and library area, workshop and canteen.
•These areas are very lively and dynamic.

CONCEPT-

The overall planning of the campus has been on the concept of a central courtyard with built masses on 3 sides and a
dense green belt on the 4th side which gives the necessary protection from the vehicular traffic on the university main
road.

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A double height circulation space used A view near the canteen with a As we walk into the campus, it
as an informal gathering space as well very informal seating space appears in the first glimpse that
as an exhibition & open jury space. the built structure is single
storeyed and does not appears to
be massive dominating the user.

VIEW FROM A CORRIDOR GIVING NORTH LIGHT WINDOW PROVIDES SUFFICIENT RECESSED WINDOW BALCONIES BLOCKS THE
A FEELING HUGE OPEN SPACE LIGHT & BLOCKS THE SUN AS WELL DIRECT SUNAIRPORTC.
WITH A VIEW TOWARDS OPEN
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CASE STUDY 2 –CCA, CHANDIGARH

CHANDIGARH COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE WAS ESTABLISHED IN THE YEAR 1961


•WAS A PART OF THE GREAT CHANDIGARH EXPERIMENT
•ARCHITECT‐LE CORBUSIER
•BUILT IN THREE PHASES, IS ONLY AN UNDERGRADUATE INSTITUTE.
LOCATION‐ IT IS LOCATED IN PUNJAB UNIVERSITY CAMPUS, LOCATED IN THE SECTOR 12 INSTITUTIONAL AREA OF CHANDIGARH U.T.

SURROUNDING‐ LAND USE & URBAN FORM‐THE SURROUNDING AREAS OF THE UNIVERSITY IS INSTITUTIONAL AS WELL AS
RESIDENTIAL. PROPER SETBACKS OF THE HOUSES FROM THE ROADS WITH A GREEN COVER IN BETWEEN AND WELL
PLANNED WIDE GRID‐IRON ROADS GIVES A FEELING OF AN URBAN

CONCEPT– CONCEPT CAN BE UNDERSTOOD FROM THE DESIGN OF MAIN BUILDING. THE USE OF NORTH LIGHT CONCRETE ROOF
WITH AN OPEN LAWN AS A CENTRAL COURTYARD AND MINIMAL OPENINGS ON THE WEST WALLINDICATES THE CLIMATE AS A
REASON BEHIND THE DESIGN. LONG
CORRIDORS WITH SQUARISH BUILT FORM GIVES RESEMBLANCE TO THE
CHARACTER OF CHANDIGARH CITY .

DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN‐ THE THOUGHT BEHIND PLANNING MUST HAVE BEEN TO CREATE SEPARATE ZONES HAVING DIFFERENT
PURPOSE .THE ENTRANCE FOYER HAS BEEN DESIGNED IN SUCH A WAY AS TO SERVE AS A MULTIPURPOSE AREA. THE OPEN LAWN
AT THE CENTRE DOES NOT OPEN AT THE SIDES BUT AT THE FRONT ENTRANCE CORRIDOR AND THE REAR CORRIDOR STUDIO. IT
SERVES AS A GATHERING SPACEAND A ZONE FOR ALL THE USERS TO RELAX. THE ADMINISTRATION ZONE IS ON THE LEFT SIDE
COMPLIMENTING ADJACENT SPACES VERY WELL. A SEPARATE ACADEMIC ZONE IS AT THE REAR SIDE OF THE CAMPUS COMPRISING
OF THE STUDIOS, LIBRARY, COMPUTER ROOM, WORKSHOPS, LABS. ETC.
AREA REQUIREMENTS
•THE AREA OF A STUDIO IS APPROX. 250 SQ. M.COMPARING IT TO THE INTAKE OF ONE BATCH I.E. 40 IT IS VERY MUCH
SUFFICIENT.
•THE OPEN LAWN IS HAVING A SMALL STAGE WITH A TOTAL AREA OF 700 SQ. M. WHICH IS VERY MUCH SUFFICIENT TO HOLD A
CULTURAL EVENT HAVING A CAPACITY OF 200 PEOPLE EASILY.
•THERE IS AN OUTDOOR SEATING SPACE AT THE CANTEEN WHICH DOES NOT MAKES IT APPEAR CROWDY EVEN WHEN LARGE 35
MASS OF PEOPLE ATTEND THERE.
THE ENTRANCE FOYER IS A LONG PASSAGE
THE OPEN SEATING AREA IN THE CANTEEN
DESIGNED IN SUCH A WAY WHICH CAN BE THE OPEN LAWN AMIDST THE BUILDING. THE WEST SIDE WALL
AREA CREATES A RELAXED ENVIRONMENT
USED FOR EXHIBITIONS. THE ELEVATION OF THE COLLEGE BUILDING HAS BEEN DESIGNED WITH LEAST
WITH TWO DIFFERENT LEVELS.
TREATMENT ENSURES PUNCTURED WINDOWS TO AVOID THE DEEP PENETRATING EVENING SUN.
SUNLIGHT INTO THE HALL.

THE ELEVATION OF THE BUILDING IS MADE UP


THE CORRIDOR IS QUITE LONG AND THE CLASSROOM 250 SQ. M. WITH A
OF RECTANGULAR BLOCK CLOSELY PACKED
REQUIRES ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING EVEN SEPARATE LECTURE AREA AS WELL AS
THAT BLOCKS THE SUN PARTIALLY ASAWELL AS
IN THE DAYTIME. STUDIO AREA WITH CURVED BEAMS
HAS AN UNIQUE AESTHETIC QUALITY OF
RUNNING ACROSS THE HALL. HAVING A
ALLOWING FILTERED LIGHT RAYS.
NORTH LIGHT TRUSS.
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PLAN (CCA)

37
SECTION & ELEVATION (CCA)

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CASE STUDY 3– SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA

Location : Seoul
Site area : 3,889.01 sq. m.
Building area : 4,398.54 sq. m.
Gross floor area : 26,439.53 sq. m.
Building coverage ratio : 0.06 %
Gross floor ratio : 0.34 %
Building scale : 3 storeys below
ground + 5 storeys above ground.
Structure : R.C.C.
Exterior finishing : wood louver
, exposed concrete , T 24 transparent
pair glass.
Interior finishing : access floor P
tiles , T 35 autoclaved cement
extrusion panel
CORE DEPARTMENTS

1.Department of architecture.
2.Department of architecture engineering.
3.Department of interior design.
4.Department of landscape architecture.
5.Department of urban design.

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40
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4.1 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CASE STUDIES
TOPIC CEPT, AHMEDABAD CCA, CHANDIGARH CONCLUSION
Relevance to The premier institute The school provides ---------------
Topic imparting education in the education in
field of art and architecture Architecture
with the appropriate work
atmosphere created
through architectural
spaces
Location Ahmedabad Chandigarh ----------------
Site Planning Semi formal Planning Formal Planning Planning can be formal &
semi formal
Site Zoning Buildings evolved around a Buildings evolved Buildings evolved around a
central open space with around a central open central open space with
smaller courtyards space smaller courtyards

Parking Vehicular segregation at Vehicular parking Vehicular parking can be


the main entrance in north inside & outside either inside or outside of
and south pedestrain campus is provided the campus premises
campus
Entrance Paved pathways shaded by No such pathways Formal entrance with
trees with lawns on both leading to main landscaping to merge with
sides. No direct entry. entrance the surrounding. Secured
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Secured entrance entrance
TOPIC CEPT, AHMEDABAD CCA, CHANDIGARH CONCLUSION

Open spaces Planned formal courts Planned formal central Open spaces could
court with informal bring pleasure for
space for sitting and gathering & study in
gathering campus premises

Light & Ventilation North-South orientation North-South Bigger openings along


of building with large orientation of building the North- South axis
openings permitting with large openings are functional in
ample of sunlight inside permitting ample of allowing natural light
sunlight inside in the interior spaces
& for cross ventilation
Building Services Located inadequately on Building Services are
the passage as leakage is maintained properly in
taking place in the areas all over the building
below blocks
Administrative Areas Separate Administrative Office and Separate
block administrative areas administrative block
are connected with proves functional
and within the
academic blocks
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TOPIC CEPT, AHMEDABAD CCA, CHANDIGARH CONCLUSION

Lobby Lobby is interpreted in the Lobby is interpreted in Provision of lobby as a


form of double heighted the form of long separate space is not
amphitheatres or courtyards passage necessary. It can be in
the form of open courts
Library Central library building but Library with ample Library to be designed
lack of natural light natural light coming effeciently to encourage
inside self learning
Classrooms Open classrooms with visual Classrooms don’t have Classroom to be
contact between two visual contact and they designed in accordance
classrooms are beside each others with the open spaces to
allow visual as well as
physical interaction
Staff room Provided in the central Staff rooms are Staff rooms to be
administrative block provided in the provided in the
academic quadrangle to administrative buildings
easily reach to the
classrooms
Staircase & Articulate cantilevered open No Staircase provided Staircase to be made
Circulation core staircase but inadequate interesting and well lit
sunlight to make circulation
lively in the building44

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