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SUBJECT-VERB

AGREEMENT
IIN NOVIANA, M.Pd
Plurals in English
Grammar
 A noun plural, adding –s
 Singular: girl
 Plural: girls
 A verb plural, taking away the –s.
 Singular: he talks
 Plural: they talk
 A singular noun takes a singular verb, A
plural noun takes a plural verb
Watch the Verb Endings!

Singular Plural
 I make  We read
 You make  You read
 He/She/It make s  They read
 Joe make s  Joe and Maria read
 The girl make s  The girls read
Verb which ending – es:
 …o : goes, etc
 …ch : watches, etc
 …sh : washes, etc
 …x : fixes, etc
 …s : glasses, etc
 …z : buzzes, etc
 …y : fly  flies, preceded by a consonant
except : buy  buys, preceded by vowel
Remember there are
irregular verbs:
 DO
Singular Plural
 He does They do

 HAVE
 She has They have

 BE
 He is They are
 She was They were
Tips for Subject/verb
Agreement

Generally, if the subject doesn’t


end in –S, the verb will.

If the subject does end in –S,


the verb won’t.
Example No –S on
subject

-S on
verb
The girl dances.
-S on
subject

The girls dance.


No –S
on verb
Multiple subjects joined by
“and”
 If there are two or more subjects joined
by and, the subject must be plural, so the
verb will not get an “s”.
No –S on
Example verb
 The boy and the girl dance.
(= They dance.)
Multiple subjects joined by
“or”
If there are two or more subjects joined by
or, the verb agrees with the part of the
subject closest to it.

Examples:
 The professor or the students walk the
halls.
 The students or the professor walks the
halls.
Indefinite Pronouns
•Some indefinite pronouns ( -one, -body, -thing) are
always singular.
•Subjects with modifiers each or every is also
singular
•Others can be either singular or plural (all, some)
- Everybody loves grammar!
- Some people love grammar.
Relative Pronouns
Relative Pronouns (who/which/that) can be
either singular or plural, depending on the
word they refer to.

 The student who works hard will succeed.

 The students who work hard will succeed.


Prepositional phrases

The subject can never be part of a


prepositional phrase.

Example
X
The students in my class study / studies
hard.
If the subjects are both singular and are
connected by the words or, nor, neither/nor,
either/or, and not only/but also the verb is
singular.
Icha or olga is a good entertainer.

when noun and pronoun subjects are


followed by a prepositional phrase is can be
plural or singular verb depend on the object
of the preposition determines the form of
the verb
All of the chicken is gone.
All of the chickens are gone
Collective nouns like herd, senate, class, crowd,
etc. it also use in titles of books, movies, novels,
etc usually take a singular verb form

The herd is stampeding

If two infinitives are separated by and


they take the plural form of the verb
To walk and to use gun require great skill
Make 5 sentences of
agreement
In the sentences below, do
the subjects & verbs agree?
 They goes to the gym after class to work out.
 Harry and his friends wants to see the new movie
coming out this weekend.
 Neither the cat nor the dogs likes the new food.
 The mayor as well as his brothers are going to jail.
 The paper or the ruler are in the desk.
 To bring and to borrow machine needs a strong
power
 Ten minutes are more than enough time to complete
this exercise
Choose the correct answer

 The news about Mr. Rafif (is,are) surprising


 The united states (has/have) a population of around 250
million
 Every man, woman, child (is/are) protected under the
law
 Some of the cities I would like to visit (is/are) rome and
spain
 Why (was/were) susie and john late for the meeting
 The American family (consist/consists) of 2 children
 The Japanese (commutes/commute) to their places of
work
 Some of the grapes in the bowl (is/are) rotten