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Contemporary Philippine

Arts from the Region


ENTRY PASS:

• Write your thoughts,


expectations or previous
learning in this subject.
Core Subject Description:

The subject covers various contemporary arts practices of the


region where the school is located. It aims to provide students
with an appreciation of a broad range of styles in the various
disciplines with consideration on their elements and principles,
and engage them to an integrative approach in studying arts.
Through this subject, students will broaden and acquire the
necessary creative tools that open opportunities in pursuing
their individual career goals and aspirations.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
• At the end of this lesson, you are able to:
• a. appreciate the history of art in the Philippines;
• b. distinguish contemporary period from the other
art period;
• c. define contemporary arts; and
• d. familiarize with the significant development in the
Philippine art.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES:

• Identifies various contemporary


art forms and their practices
from the various regions
CAR11/12IAC-0a-1
INTEGRATIVE ART AS APPLIED TO
CONTEMPORARY ART:
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF ART IN
THE PHILIPPINES
What is Art?
ART

AR
(Aryan – “to join or put together”)

Artizein Arkiskein
(Greek – “to prepare”) (Greek – “to put together”)

ARS/ARTIS SKILL TECHNE


(Latin) (Greek)
• Art- Art is creation.
• Creating something new, something
original and something different. Art is
life. It is creating life on a material and
making inanimate objects to have life. To
create art is to give life (RAMON ORLINA-
Glass Sculptor)
• Contemporary- Current,
now, the present.
Contemporary Art
• Arts produce by national
artist and contemporary
to us.
New Art
ARTS through the Ages
Self
Forms
T
Expression
CONTEMPORARY
I
Fine Arts PERIOD M
Genius and
Design
ROMANTIC
PERIOD E
MODERN
Craftmanship
PERIOD
RENAISSANCE L
Skill PERIOD
CHRISTIAN
Technique
PERIOD
I
ROMAN
PERIOD N
GREEK
PERIOD E
1050 – 31 BC 753-509 BC 350 -1450AD 1400-1500 1700 - 1800 1800 - 1900 20th – 21st Century
• Have you ever wondered
how the Philippine art
developed?
Philippi
ne Art
History
Social
Timeline of Philippine Arts Realism
National
Identity

Contemporary Era
Orientalizing

Secular Forms Modern Era


of Art
Faith and Japanese
Catechism Era
Geometric American Era
Designs
Integral to Spanish Era
life

Islamic Art

Ethnic Art

Pre – 13th C. AD 13th C. AD 1521-1898 1898-1940 1941-1945 1946-1969 1970’s - present


Pre-Colonial
Arts
(ETHNIC Arts)
In Pre-colonial
Philippines, arts
are for ritual
purposes or for
everyday use.
ISLAMIC ARTS

Islamic art is
characterized
by geometric
designs and
patterns eliciting
focus from the
believers.
SPANISH
ArtERA
became a
handmaiden of
religion,
serving to propagate
the Catholic faith and
thus support the
colonial order at the
same time.
AMERICAN
ERA
In the American
regime, commercial
and advertising arts
were integrated into
the fine arts
curriculum. Moreover,
Americans favored
idyllic sceneries and
secular forms of arts.
JAPANESE
SinceERA
the Japanese
advocated for the
culture of East Asia,
preference was given
to the indigenous art
and traditions of the
Philippines. This
emphasized their
propaganda of Asia
belonging to Asians.
MODERN
ModernERA
era in Philippine
Art began after World
War 2 and the granting
of Independence.
Writers and artists
posed
the question of national
identity as the main
theme of various art
forms.
CONTEMPORA
RY
PhilippineART
Contemporary
Art was an offshoot of
social realism brought
about by Martial Law.
Arts became expression
of people’s aspiration for
a
just, free, and sovereign
society.
HISTORICAL OVERVIEW:
PHILIPPINE ART
Historical Overview
VISUAL Pre- COLONIAL PERIODS INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC
ARTS Conquest Spanish American Japanese Post-War Contemporary

1521-1898 1898-1940 1941-1945 1946-1969 1970’s – present

Painting Pottery, Religious Landscape, Wartime Modern,


Body Portraiture portrait, still life Scenes conservative, Figurative, non
Adornment abstract, figurative, art for
and Propaganda experimental, art sake ,multi-
Ornament public art media, mixed
Indigenizing media and
Sculpture Pottery, Religious figures Free Standing, and transmedia
wood and and carving relief, public Orientalizing
metal works
carving

Architectur Dwellings Church, plaza, City planning, Public works Real Estate, safe housing,
e and houses Civic building, public works, condominiums, subdivisions, villages,
(Bahay fortress, road and structures and malls,
kubo) lighthouse infrastructures commercial/business/convention
construction buildings
Stylistic overview
Form Pre-colonial Spanish/Islamic American colonial Modern Post
colonial contemporary
Painting Classical, Idylitic, Incipient Collaborative,
Nostalgic Triumvirate hyper-realist, new
Religious/devotio 13 moderns, painting
nal abstract,
Secular Surreal
Formal Expressionist
Naturalistic,
Sculpture (Homegrown Abstract Junk scrap, neo-
Religious miniaturismo, Expressionism indigenous, site-
(animalist or guild) specific,
Islamic) Academic performance art,
Community- hybrid
based Inter-ethic
relations
Architecture Collective history Workship-related Neoclassic, art International Filipino
and residential deco Industrializing, Architecture
Earthquake eclectic Urban planning
baroque Economic zone,
Hispanic revivalist Neovernacular,
(neogothic, Prefab,
neoromanesque, Regionalist
Islamic cosmopolitan
Cultural Overview
Form Indigenous Islamic or Folk or lowland Fine or world- Popular or urban
southeast Asian Philippine Muslim based and mass based
Painting Museum-
Sculpture Colonial and post circulated, artist Mass produced
Rituals and governance
colonial centered gallery market oriented
Architect distributed
INTEGRATIVE ART AS APPLIED TO CONTEMPORARY ART

• Definition of Art
• Functions of Art
• Art Style and Factors Affecting Style
• Principles of Art
Art
WHAT IS ART?
WHY PEOPLE ENGAGE IN ART?
WHY PEOPLE ENGAGE IN ART?

• to earn money
• to express their emotions and thoughts, real or imaginary
• to produce things of beauty and masterpieces
• to self-actualize
• to immortalize themselves
• to inform
• to persuade
• to entertain people
FUNCTIONS OF ART
FUNCTIONS OF ART

• Personal or
Individual Function
• Social Function
• Economic Function
• Political Function
• Historical Function
• Cultural Function
• Religious Function
• Physical Function
• Aesthetic Function
ART STYLES AND FACTORS AFFECTING
STYLE
ART STYLES AND FACTORS AFFECTING STYLE
• Geographical Factors
• Historical Factors
• Social Factors
• Ideational Factors
• Psychological Factors
• Technical Factors
PRINCIPLES OF ART
PRINCIPLES OF ART
• Harmony
• Balance
- Formal Balance
- Informal Balance
• Rhythm
• Proportion
• Emphasis
HARMONY
• Most essential factor in a composition
• Also called UNITY
• Achieved when all the elements of a thing
are put together to come up with a coherent
whole
HARMONY
BALANCE
• Known as physical equilibrium
• Stability produced by even
distribution of weight on each side of
the thing
• Classified as FORMAL and INFORMAL
BALANCE
BALANCE
FORMAL BALANCE
• Exists if the weights at equal
distance from the center are
equal
• Also called symmetrical
balance
BALANCE – FORMAL BALANCE
FORMAL BALANCE
Bilateral Balance

• Bilateral symmetry is
present when the left
and right sides appear
the same.
FORMAL BALANCE
Bilateral Balance
FORMAL BALANCE
Radial Balance
• Radial symmetry exists when the same
measure occurs from the central point to
the end of every radius.
• This symmetry applies to round objects
or those with radii like stars and
starfishes.
FORMAL BALANCE
Radial Balance
INFORMAL BALANCE
• Informal balance is present when the left
and the right sides of the thing, though
not identical in appearance, still display
an even distribution of weight.
• Also known as asymmetrical or occult
balance
BALANCE – INFORMAL BALANCE
BALANCE – INFORMAL BALANCE
RHYTHM
• Rhythm is the continuous use of a motif or repetitive
pattern of a succession of similar or identical items.
• It can be achieved by alternation use of two patterns
alternately), radiation (repetition of motif from the center
or toward it), progression use of motifs of varying sizes,
that is, from the smallest to the largest, or vice versa), or
parallelism use of a pattern with an equal distance from
each other).
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
• Rhythm is exemplified by
concentric circles, by an alteration
of black and white stripes, by
checkered blue and orange squares.
• It is characterized as repetitive,
continuous, or flowing.
RHYTHM-RADIAL
RHYTHM-PROGRESSION
PROPORTION
• Comparative relationship of the
different parts in relation to the
whole
• Proper and pleasing relationship of
one object with the others in a
design
PROPORTION
EMPHASIS
• Giving proper importance on one or
more parts of the thing or the whole
thing itself
• Achieved by means of size or
proportion, shape, color, line,
position, and variety
EMPHASIS
• More often than not, the artist
emphasizes the one with the bigger
size or proportion, the one with a
different shape or color, the one
with striking lines, the one
positioned at the center and the
one that is unique.
EMPHASIS
CLASSIFICATION OF ART FORMS
CLASSIFICATION OF ART FORMS

• Visual Arts
• Graphic arts
• Plastic arts
• Audio-Visual Arts
• Literary Arts
VISUAL ARTS
VISUAL ARTS
• Visual arts are those forms perceived by the
eyes.
• Includes painting, sculpture, and architecture.
• also called spatial arts because artworks
produced under this genre occupy space
VISUAL ARTS
• GRAPHIC ARTS
– those visual arts that have length and width;
thus they are also called two-dimensional arts
- described as flat arts because they are seen on
flat surfaces
VISUAL ARTS
• GRAPHIC ARTS
– examples: printing, painting, drawing,
sketching, commercial art, mechanical processes,
computer graphics, and photography
VISUAL ARTS-GRAPHIC ARTS
VISUAL ARTS
• PLASTIC ARTS
– are those visual arts that have length , width,
and volume: thus, they are called three-dimensional
arts
- examples: sculpture, architecture, landscape,
architecture, city planning design, set design, theater
design, industrial design, crafts and allied arts
VISUAL ARTS-PLASTIC ARTS
AUDIO-VISUAL ARTS
• Audio-visual arts are those forms perceived by both
ears (audio) and eyes (video).
• Also called performing arts
• Examples: music (vocal, instrumental, and mixed),
dance (ethnologic, social and theatrical), and drama
tragedy, comedy, tragicomedy, farce, melodrama, etc.)
LITERARY ARTS
• Literary arts are those presented in the written mode
and intended to be read.
• Examples: prose (short stories, novels, essays, and
plays) and poetry narrative poems, lyric poems, and
dramatic poems)
DIVISIONS OF ART STUDY
DIVISIONS OF ART STUDY
• Aesthetic or Art Appreciation
• Art History
• Art Production
• Art Criticism
DIVISIONS OF ART STUDY

• AESTHETIC OR ART APPRECIATION


• Aesthetics, the science of beauty, is that
division of art study in which the
student learns to admire the artists,
value highly different works of art, and
appreciate the role of art in society.
DIVISIONS OF ART STUDY

• ART HISTORY
• Art history is that division of art
study in which the student acquires
knowledge of the artists, their
backgrounds, their masterpieces,
and their significant contributions in
various fields of art.
DIVISIONS OF ART STUDY

• ART PRODUCTION
• Art production is that division of art
study in which the student learns to
use his creativity and apply his
artistic knowledge and skills in
producing his own works of art.
DIVISIONS OF ART STUDY

• ART CRITICISM
• Art criticism is that division of art
study in which the student learns to
use his judgment in evaluating
different artworks based on the
criteria set.
WHAT IS INTEGRATIVE ART?
WHAT IS INTEGRATIVE ART?

• Integrative art refers to the


use of art in other disciplines,
as in psychology.
WHAT IS CONTEMPORARY ART?
WHAT IS CONTEMPORARY ART?
• “Contemporary art is the art produced at
the present period in time. Contemporary
art includes, and develops from, post-
modern art, which is itself a successor to
modern art.”

Contemporary art runs from 1970 until now


REFERENCES
• Contemporary Philippine Arts from the Regions Curriculum
Guide by DepEd
• Contemporary Philippine Arts from the Regions by Jesus Z.
Menoy, PhD
(Art Production)

ACTIVITY
ART APPRECIATION
• Music – Compose a song of at least two stanzas regarding the subject HIGH
SCHOOL LIFE.
• Dance – Create a modern dance number to be performed by you in front of the
class.
• Drama – Write a short script for a costume play to be performed by you in front
of the class.
• Literature – Compose a poem based on any subject that you like the most.
• Painting – Create any painting on a 1/8 illustration board of any subject that you
prefer.
• Others – Handicrafts, shellcraft, etc.
RUBRICS FOR SONG PRESENTATION
CRITERIA POINTS

Content 10

Presentation 10
RUBRICS FOR THE DRAWING
Creativity 5
CRITERIA POINTS
Originality 5
Content 10

Originality 10

Neatness 5

Creativity 5
RUBRICS FOR DRAMA PRESENTATION
CRITERIA POINTS

Content 10

Presentation/Delivery 10
RUBRICS FOR OTHER PRESENTATION

Originality CRITERIA POINTS


5

Cooperation 5 Content 10

Presentation/Delivery 10

Originality 5

Cooperation 5