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Behavior and

Knowledge
1. Roni Noor Adam
1017111230
2. Aliqul 1017111230
3. Gracia Satyawestri P.
101711123047
BEHAVIOR
• Human behavior is any activity or human
activity, both of which can be observed
directly (overt behavior), or which can not be
observed by others (covert behavior).
Notoatmodjo,2007
• response or reaction of a person to external
stimulus.
Azwar,2009
BEHAVIOR
Behavior is a response or a person's reaction to
stimulus or stimuli from outside, skinner(1938)
Teori of Skinner :
S-O-R
Because of this behavior occurs through a
process of stimulus to the organism, the
organism is responding
Domains of Behavior
• Bloom (1956)
1. Kognitif domain : the result of the know, and this happens
after a person doing the sensing of an object. Emphasize
to the intellectual aspects, such as knowledge,
understanding and thinking skills
2. Affectife domain : Emphasize to the aspects of feelings
and emotions such as interests, attitudes, and
appreciation
3. Psikomotor domain : Emphasize to the aspects motoric
skill.
Developed to be :
1. Knowledges
2. Attitude
3. Practice
Lawrence W.
Green
Presdiposing
Enabling
Factors that Reinforcing
predispose a Factors that make
it possible for Thing or people
person's behavior which show that
individuals to
Like demographic change their behavior was
factors (age and behavior or their supported, here
gender), people's environment. defined as
knowledge, Subjective norm
attitudes, beliefs, Like resources, from related person
values, self-efficacy. conditions of who encourage the
living, societal behavior in negative
supports, and skills or positive.
that facilitate a
behavior's
occurrence.
KNOWLEDGES
Knowledge is commonly held to be the “body of
information possessed by a person or, by extension,
by a group of persons or a culture” Reber, 1995
LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGES
• Know : Recall of material that has been studied
previously.
• Comprehension : An ability to describe correctly
the object is known and can correctly interpret
the material.
• Application : An ability to use a material that has
been studied on the actual situation and
conditions
• Analysis : Ability to describe the material or an
object into component but still within an
existing organizational structure and relation
to the others
• Syntesis : An ability to arrange the parts in a
whole new form
• Evaluasi : Ability to carry an assesment of the
justification of a material/ object
How to Measure Knowledges
Knowledge can be measured using instruments
such as questionnaires or in-depth interviews
about the material.
• Notoatmodjo, Soekidjo. 2003. Pendidikan dan
Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta
• https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/752c/daa46
8de0ca9666f09028d34f22b65bc66bc.pdf