Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 61

PowerPoint® Clicker

Questions
prepared by Mark Hollier,
Georgia Perimeter College -
Clarkston Campus

CHAPTER 16
The
Endocrine
System

© Annie Leibovitz/Contact Press Images © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which group of messengers is defined
as acting on cells within the same
tissue?

a) Autocrines
b) Hormones
c) Paracrines
d) Eicosanoids

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which group of messengers is defined
as acting on cells within the same
tissue?

a) Autocrines
b) Hormones
c) Paracrines
d) Eicosanoids

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A major difference between
neurotransmitters and hormones is
that hormones are secreted ________.

a) directly onto their target cell


b) into the cerebrospinal fluid
c) into ducts
d) into the blood

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A major difference between
neurotransmitters and hormones is
that hormones are secreted ________.

a) directly onto their target cell


b) into the cerebrospinal fluid
c) into ducts
d) into the blood

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A major determinant of a hormone's
mechanism of action is ________.

a) whether the hormonal molecule is hydrophobic or


hydrophilic
b) its size
c) whether it is rapid acting or slow acting
d) if it activates gene activity or not

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A major determinant of a hormone's
mechanism of action is ________.

a) whether the hormonal molecule is hydrophobic


or hydrophilic
b) its size
c) whether it is rapid acting or slow acting
d) if it activates gene activity or not

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Receptors for steroid hormones are
commonly located _________.

a) inside the target cell


b) on the plasma membrane of the target cell
c) in the blood plasma
d) in the extracellular fluid

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Receptors for steroid hormones are
commonly located _________.

a) inside the target cell


b) on the plasma membrane of the target cell
c) in the blood plasma
d) in the extracellular fluid

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Interaction with a membrane-bound
receptor will transduce the hormonal
message via __________.

a) depolarization
b) direct gene activation
c) a second messenger
d) endocytosis

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Interaction with a membrane-bound
receptor will transduce the hormonal
message via __________.

a) depolarization
b) direct gene activation
c) a second messenger
d) endocytosis

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Second messenger–activating
hormones circulate in minute
quantities because ________.

a) they are not important signal molecules


b) small concentrations of hormone can activate many
intracellular signals via amplification
c) they are continuously released from the gland
d) neurotransmitters also bind to hormone receptors

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Second messenger–activating
hormones circulate in minute
quantities because ________.

a) they are not important signal molecules


b) small concentrations of hormone can activate
many intracellular signals via amplification
c) they are continuously released from the gland
d) neurotransmitters also bind to hormone receptors

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following molecules act
as second messengers?

a) cAMP
b) Ca2+
c) Inositol triphosphate
d) All of the above

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following molecules act
as second messengers?

a) cAMP
b) Ca2+
c) Inositol triphosphate
d) All of the above

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


In order for a hormone to activate a
target cell, the target cell must possess
_______.

a) a receptor
b) a second messenger
c) the hormone
d) a chaperone

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


In order for a hormone to activate a
target cell, the target cell must possess
_______.

a) a receptor
b) a second messenger
c) the hormone
d) a chaperone

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


When the pancreas releases insulin in
direct response to blood glucose, this
is an example of ________ stimulation.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


When the pancreas releases insulin in
direct response to blood glucose, this
is an example of ________ stimulation.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


When an infant suckles at his mother's
breast, the mother's neurohypophysis
releases oxytocin. This is an example
of ________ stimulation.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


When an infant suckles at his mother's
breast, the mother's neurohypophysis
releases oxytocin. This is an example
of ________ stimulation.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


When the ovaries secrete estrogen in
response to the hormone GnRH, this is
an example of ________ stimulation.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


When the ovaries secrete estrogen in
response to the hormone GnRH, this is
an example of ________ stimulation.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Blood levels of hormone are kept
within very narrow ranges by ______
mechanisms.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Blood levels of hormone are kept
within very narrow ranges by ______
mechanisms.

a) humoral
b) neural
c) hormonal
d) negative feedback

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which hormone is produced in the
hypothalamus?

a) ADH
b) ACTH
c) LH
d) GH

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which hormone is produced in the
hypothalamus?

a) ADH
b) ACTH
c) LH
d) GH

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Hormones secreted into the
hypophyseal portal system are
detected by the ________.

a) neurohypophysis
b) adenohypophysis
c) median eminence
d) infundibulum

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Hormones secreted into the
hypophyseal portal system are
detected by the ________.

a) neurohypophysis
b) adenohypophysis
c) median eminence
d) infundibulum

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


The long bone growth–promoting
effects of growth hormone are
mediated by _______.

a) somatostatin
b) somatotropic cells
c) insulin-like growth factors
d) insulin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


The long bone growth–promoting
effects of growth hormone are
mediated by _______.

a) somatostatin
b) somatotropic cells
c) insulin-like growth factors
d) insulin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Secretions from the corticotropic cells
activate cells of the ________, while
secretions from the gonadotropic cells
affect cells of the ________.

a) adrenal cortex; gonads


b) thyroid; mammary glands
c) gonads; adrenal cortex
d) mammary glands; gonads

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Secretions from the corticotropic cells
activate cells of the ________, while
secretions from the gonadotropic cells
affect cells of the ________.

a) adrenal cortex; gonads


b) thyroid; mammary glands
c) gonads; adrenal cortex
d) mammary glands; gonads

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A patient is displaying high volumes of
urine output and severe dehydration.
The most likely cause is _________.

a) hyposecretion of oxytocin
b) hypersecretion of oxytocin
c) hyposecretion of ADH
d) hypersecretion of ADH

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A patient is displaying high volumes of
urine output and severe dehydration.
The most likely cause is _________.

a) hyposecretion of oxytocin
b) hypersecretion of oxytocin
c) hyposecretion of ADH
d) hypersecretion of ADH

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Where is iodide located in the thyroid
gland?

a) Secretory vesicles inside follicular cells


b) Lumen of follicle
c) Golgi apparatus of parafollicular cells
d) Cytoplasm of follicular cells

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Where is iodide located in the thyroid
gland?

a) Secretory vesicles inside follicular cells


b) Lumen of follicle
c) Golgi apparatus of parafollicular cells
d) Cytoplasm of follicular cells

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following is an indirect
effect of PTH?

a) Increasing osteoclast activity


b) Increasing calcium absorption in the intestines
c) Increasing calcium reabsorption in the kidney
d) Activating vitamin D

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following is an indirect
effect of PTH?

a) Increasing osteoclast activity


b) Increasing calcium absorption in the intestines
c) Increasing calcium reabsorption in the kidney
d) Activating vitamin D

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A patient is losing weight rapidly,
sweating profusely, and is always
anxious. The patient may be suffering
from _______.

a) hypothyroidism
b) cretinism
c) hyperthyroidism
d) hypersecretion of calcitonin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


A patient is losing weight rapidly,
sweating profusely, and is always
anxious. The patient may be suffering
from _______.

a) hypothyroidism
b) cretinism
c) hyperthyroidism
d) hypersecretion of calcitonin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Occasionally, a female patient
experiences hirsutism, or excessive
facial hair growth, yet blood tests
reveal that her levels of testosterone
are normal for a female. Another cause
could be hypersecretion of _______.
a) catecholamines
b) mineralocorticoids
c) glucocorticoids
d) gonadocorticoids

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Occasionally, a female patient
experiences hirsutism, or excessive
facial hair growth, yet blood tests
reveal that her levels of testosterone
are normal for a female. Another cause
could be hypersecretion of _______.
a) catecholamines
b) mineralocorticoids
c) glucocorticoids
d) gonadocorticoids

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


__________ is the adrenal hormone
responsible for maintaining appropriate
blood sodium levels.

a) Cortisol
b) DHEA
c) Aldosterone
d) Epinephrine

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


__________ is the adrenal hormone
responsible for maintaining appropriate
blood sodium levels.

a) Cortisol
b) DHEA
c) Aldosterone
d) Epinephrine

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


_________ trigger(s) secretion of
aldosterone.

a) Increased K+
b) Angiotensin II
c) ANP
d) Both a and b

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


_________ trigger(s) secretion of
aldosterone.

a) Increased K+
b) Angiotensin II
c) ANP
d) Both a and b

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


During times of stress, elevated levels
of _______ often occur, which explains
why we get a cold during final exam
time.

a) cortisol
b) aldosterone
c) ACTH
d) androgens

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


During times of stress, elevated levels
of _______ often occur, which explains
why we get a cold during final exam
time.

a) cortisol
b) aldosterone
c) ACTH
d) androgens

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Along with the sympathetic nervous
system, the _________ is the other
primary mediator of acute stress.

a) adrenal medulla
b) adrenal cortex
c) zona glomerulosa
d) zona reticularis

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Along with the sympathetic nervous
system, the _________ is the other
primary mediator of acute stress.

a) adrenal medulla
b) adrenal cortex
c) zona glomerulosa
d) zona reticularis

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following is not an action
of glucagon?

a) Release of glucose to the blood by liver cells


b) Transport of glucose into most body cells
c) Synthesis of glucose from lactic acid
d) Breakdown of glycogen

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following is not an action
of glucagon?

a) Release of glucose to the blood by liver cells


b) Transport of glucose into most body cells
c) Synthesis of glucose from lactic acid
d) Breakdown of glycogen

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


The secretion of ________ helps
regulate our circadian rhythms.

a) estrogen
b) testosterone
c) thyroid hormones
d) melatonin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


The secretion of ________ helps
regulate our circadian rhythms.

a) estrogen
b) testosterone
c) thyroid hormones
d) melatonin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


The thymus secretes the hormone(s)
______________.

a) thymopoietin
b) thymosin
c) thymulin
d) all of the above

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


The thymus secretes the hormone(s)
______________.

a) thymopoietin
b) thymosin
c) thymulin
d) all of the above

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following structures
produces a hormone responsible for
stimulating red blood cell production?

a) Stomach
b) Heart
c) Kidney
d) Skin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following structures
produces a hormone responsible for
stimulating red blood cell production?

a) Stomach
b) Heart
c) Kidney
d) Skin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following structures
produces a precursor to hormonal
vitamin D, important for Ca2+
regulation?

a) Stomach
b) Heart
c) Kidney
d) Skin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.


Which of the following structures
produces a precursor to hormonal
vitamin D, important for Ca2+
regulation?

a) Stomach
b) Heart
c) Kidney
d) Skin

© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.