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Medieval education

Collapse of the Roman Empire in the West

Reign of the Augustus Caesar, when Jesus


was born in 4B.C

The term Christianity came from


“Christ”, the Greek word for Messiah
It offers a new ethical force

Provides basis for education


for all
P Educational
u attitudes and
r practices of Jesus
p
o
s Early Christian
e Church
Educational Attitudes and Practices of
Jesus

Jesus will be considered as a Teacher

One of the greatest masters (Socrates


& Gautama)

He used a method of Rabbi and


ordinary situations to explain their
ideas that aimed to lift man’s way of
living and thinking
The appeal of Jesus was to the
heart, conscience, will and to the
spiritual center of man.

Jesus thus aimed at the highest type


of ethical education because he
taught not only a moral revolution in
the individual relationship but a
revolution in society as well and also
he was concerned with religious
training.
Education based on teaching of Jesus

a. It must a necessity and need to be


universal and democratic

b. God is the Father of mankind

c. Making everyone a child of God


Jesus emphasized the development of
individual and social behavior that was
based on the principles of human
relationships

Jesus considered the teacher as an


agent of education and expected no pay.
Methods used by Jesus

1.Conversational Method
; questions were asked and answered
and difficulties proposed and familiar
2.Gnomic Method
;Jesus frequently resorted to the use of
gnomes or proverbs
3.The Parable
; it was directed to the imagination and
therefore understood by literate and
illiterate
Early Christian Church

In 313A.D, through the Edict of


Milan, Emperor Constantine
recognized Christianity as the official
state religion

The Christian church rose to power


because of the force of its high moral
and ethical doctrines and the intensity
of the faith of its adherents
In local communities

Patriarc BISHOP Priest


hs
(Church)
S s
(for local
churches)

Archbishops
(provinces)
AIM:

Christian education was the moral


regeneration of the individual
Christian taught a new set of virtues and
training

This gave rise to an institution known as


CATHECUMENICAL SCHOOLS
Probationers were called
CATECHUMENS and they met at
regular intervals in some part of the
church to received instruction in
religious disciplines, moral values and
doctrines

When Christianity began to make


converts among the learned, a new type
of school established, the
CATECHETICAL SCHOOL
Cathedral School higher
schools of Christian learning
MONASTISM and RELIGIOUS DISCIPLINE

“Monos” meaning alone who lived


solitary lives

Obedience

PRINCIPLES
Simplicity

Industry
In the fourth century, the monastic orders
began to decline and the mendicant orders
arose
AIM:
Monastic education was the
salvation of individual souls, a kind
of moral and physical discipline
based on bodily mortification and
wordly renunciation for the sake of
moral improvement
VIRTUE:
Monks was measured
by the ways of VOWS:
punishing the body

Chastity
Poverty
Obedience
Aspects of Social Organizations

Domestic Home
Economic structure
Political State

The monastic schools reached their


greatest efficiency under Charlemagne in
the 18th to 19th century
ALCUIN: the greatest school master of
Charlemagne’s Empire

MISSI DOMINI: managed the


implementation of the decrees of the
emperor that enforced

They used catechetical method, dictation


and memorization
Latin was used as language of
instruction

They were also great use of


meditation because they believe that
the highest knowledge comes from the
divine inspiration