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Presentation On

Types of samples and samplers in


Geotechnical engineering
Submitted by :
Name –Indranil Banerjee
Roll no –CEM18005

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


TEZPUR UNIVERSITY
AUTUMN, 2018
CONTENT:
INTRODUCTION
TYPES 0F SAMPLE
• Disturbed sample
• Undisturbed sample

 SAMPLE DISTURBANCE
• Area ratio
• Inside clearance
• Outside clearance
TYPES OF SAMPLER
• Open drive sampler
• Piston sampler
• Rotary sampler

REFERENCE
INTRODUCTION
 SOIL SAMPLING : Soil sampling is the method of collecting in–situ soil sample
by different method in view of performing laboratory investigation to
determine engineering properties of soil.

 SAMPLES : In geotechnical engineering soil sample is collected to learn about


the properties of the strata below the ground surface .

 SAMPLER : Device used for sampling are known as soil sampler.


TYPES OF SAMPLE : SAMPLE

DISTURBED UNDISTURBED
SAMPLE SAMPLE

NON-
REPRESENTATIVE REPRESENTATIVE
SAMPLE SAMPLE

disturbed sample : Disturbed sample are of two types:


(A) Representative sample: Natural water content ,mineral are preserved
but the soil structure get altered
(B) Non-Representative sample: Physical structure get altered but also there will
be alternation in natural water content and minerals constituents.

 UNDISTURBED SAMPLE: Physical structure of the soil and its mineral


constituents and natural water content are preserved.

Fig-Undisturbed soil sample


SAMPLE DISTURBANCE:
Sample disturbance depends on the type of sampler and is measured in terms of
three parameters.


  Area ratio
 Inside clearance
 Outside clearance

Area ratio: It should be low as possible ,not more


than 20% in stiff formation and 10% for
sensitive clay.
Ar=(

.
Inside
  clearance:Inside diameter of the sampling tube is more
than the cutting edge , it reduces the friction between samples and
wall of sampling tube .It should be in between 1%-3%.

I c= ()*100

Outside clearance: The outside diameter of the cutting edge


is higher than that of sampling tube , it help easy withdrawal of the
sampler. It should lie between 0%-2%.

Oc= () *100

Recovery ratio:

Rr=1
Rr>1
Rr<1
TYPES OF SAMPLER:
Thick walled

Open drive
 Open drive sampler: Open drive sample
sampler

sampler
Is use to collect both disturbed (Representative) sample
and undisturbed sample.
Thin wall
sampler
(A) Thick walled sampler: VENT

CUTTING
EDGE SAMPLING
TUBE

FIG- Thick wall sampler (Split spoon sampler)


(B) Thin walled sampler:

FIG- Thin walled sample (shellby tube sampler)


 Piston sampler :

FIG- Sample from piston sampler

FIG - Piston Sampler(Undisturbed sample))


Rotary sampler:
It is double wall tube sampler, consist of inner tube and outer tube or rotating barrel ,the
rotating barrel consist of cutting bit which rotated and the bits cuts an annular ring, which
then collected in the inner tube by the rotary barrel.

FIG – ROTARY SAMPLER


Rock Recovery ratio= * 100

 
TABLE- ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION CHART
TABLE – ROCK QUALITY DESIGNATION CHART
RQD % ROCK QUALITY
<25 VERY POOR
25-50 POOR
50-75 FAIR
75-90 GOOD
90-100 EXCELLENT
REFERENCE :

1) Basic and applied soil mechanics –Gopal Ranjan and A.S.R Rao.
2) Foundation analysis and Design –Joseph E. Bowles.
3) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geotechnical_investigation
4) https://www.scribd.com/document/117745153/Types-of-Samplers
5) Google Image.
THANK YOU