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# SKITTLES PROJECT

## By: Melanie Guevara

INTRODUCTION
• For this project we will be figuring out the proportions of each flavor in a
regular 2.17-ounce bag of Skittles®. First I will count how many flavors are in a
bag of Skittles® that I have purchased previously. Then I will add my data to
the data that is provided by my Instructor. I then will place every color as
well as the sum total of each bag into different lists and find the X-bar (mean
of the list). I then will divide the x-bar of each color by the sum total of all of
the bags collected. I then put in the data into a pie chart as well as a Pareto
chart. Using my calculator I will find the standard deviation, the mean and
the 5-number summary.
PIE CHART
PARETO CHART
RED CANDIES
• X-Bar: 11.6
• Standard Deviation: 3.3
• 5-Number Summary:
• MinX: 5
• Q1: 10
• Med: 11
• Q3: 13
• MaxX: 20
ORANGE CANDIES
• X-Bar: 12.9
• Standard Deviation: 3.5
• 5-Number Summary:
• MinX: 5
• Q1: 10
• Med: 12
• Q3: 15
• MaxX: 21
YELLOW CANDIES
• X-Bar: 12.4
• Standard Deviation: 3.8
• 5-Number Summary:
• MinX: 5
• Q1: 9
• Med: 12
• Q3: 15
• MaxX: 20
GREEN CANDIES
• X-Bar: 11.8
• Standard Deviation: 3.3
• 5-Number Summary:
• MinX: 4
• Q1: 10
• Med: 11
• Q3: 13
• MaxX: 20
PURPLE CANDIES
• X-Bar: 12.1
• Standard Deviation: 3.0
• 5-Number Summary:
• MinX: 6
• Q1: 10
• Med: 11.5
• Q3: 14
• MaxX: 21
TOTAL CANDIES PER BAG
• X-Bar: 60.7
• Standard Deviation: 2.8
• 5-Number Summary:
• MinX: 54
• Q1: 59
• Med: 61
• Q3: 62
• MaxX: 66
OBSERVATIONS
• Looking at this data I have collected, the different colors are very close and
similar to how many candies are in each bag. There is also an obvious one
that is most popular seen and one that is least popular seen. The graphs do
help paint a more visual picture of the data to help represent what is there.
Compared to my bag of candy, the other data does complement the data
from the proportions of flavors in my bag.
REFLECTION
• The data represented by the graphs and my calculations make sense as a
whole, meaning it is more steady on how many of each flavor is in each
bag. However, what doesn’t make sense, is that the most wanted flavor isn’t
the most popular/most seen in each bag of Skittles®, which I find interesting.
The overall data represented makes sense as a Statistic standpoint, however.
In my bag of Skittles®, Orange and Green were the most, which is also
represented in the other bags. Green was the only one to have multiple 20
pieces in each bag throughout all 52 bags collected.
CONFIDENCE INTERVAL
• Confidence intervals are important because they help ensure that each bag has a, mostly equal
amount of the different flavors.

## • 99% Confidence for Yellow:

• X-bar: 12.4, N: 50, Z(0.005): 2.6, p^: 0.248
• E = 0.159
• 95% Confidence for Total Candies per Bag:
• X-bar: 60.74, N: 50, Z(0.025): 1.96, p^: 1.215
• E = 0.142
• 98% Confidence for Standard Deviation for Total Candies per Bag:
• Standard Deviation: 2.8, N: 50, Z(0.01): 2.326
• E = 0.578

• The confidence levels between the yellow candies and the total candies aren’t
much different, however, using the standard deviation it is different.
• The purpose of a Hypothesis Test is to see
what is plausible and what isn’t. This way
HYPOTHESIS TESTS
when making estimates, it will be easier • 0.01 Significance, Mean number of
and more accurate in the long run. Total Candies in the bag is 55:
• P = 55
• C: p < 55
• 0.05 Significance, 20% of Skittles® are Red: • C.C: p >= 55
• P = .20 • Ho: p = 55
• C: p < .20 • H1: p < 55
• C.C: P>= .20 • N = 260
• Ho: p = .20 • X = 50
• H1: p < .20 • Standard Deviation: 2.8
• N = 260 • X-bar: 60.74
• Alpha = 0.01
• X = 50
• InvNorm = -2.326
• Alpha = 0.05
• InvNorm = -1.645 • Z = 33.055
• Z > Alpha, not in C.R, failed to reject
• Z = -0.378 Ho.
• Z > Alpha, not in C.R, failed to reject Ho.
CONCLUSION OF HYPOTHESIS TESTS
• In the end of the Hypothesis tests, it is concluded that we do not have
enough information to make any conclusions on hypothesis testing. It is
interesting enough that, though we have a lot of information, we still are not
able to draw a clear conclusion on the mean and exact number of flavored
candies in each bag. It is truly random and unpredictable.
REFLECTION OF PROJECT
• Throughout this Project, I have been surprised on the amount of information
that is provided and the data of how many of the different flavors of candies
in each back of Skittles®. Growing up I have been talking randomly with
friends on their favorite flavors, and with this data it is concluded that the
favoritism has nothing to do with the amount of the different flavors in each
bag. Red and purple are usually the fan favorites, however they are the
medium consistency. However, Orange and Green are some of the least
favorites and are the highest consistency throughout each bag of Skittles®.
Just goes to show that the flavor consistency in each bag and the number of
candies in each bag is truly and completely random.