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The Production of

Bioethanol from Algae


Introduction
Introduction
Fossil natural resources
The biggest consumption cannot be renewed, so
in the world for now is that in the future there
diesel oil (diesel) which will be a big problem in
is 22 million kiloliters in the availability of fossil
2002 fuels

At present, fossil fuels To overcome this


still occupy the highest problem, it can be done
position in their use in two ways, the first is to
limit the use of fossil
fuels and the second is to
look for other alternative
fuels.
Oil fuel is still something
that is very necessary in
carrying out activities. Algae can be an
alternative solution to
overcome this problems.
0% 20% 60% 90%

1975 1985 1995 2009


MAIN POINT
Algae
Algae which are the third generation feedstock for biofuels
are an alternative for the first and second generation
feedstocks due to their productivity, easily cultivation and
convenient harvesting time.

The algae starch, cellulose or other accumulating


carbohydrates can be used for the production of
ethanol after hydrolysis.

Spirogyra is one of the commonest of green algae


abundant in spring.

It is found in bright green free floating masses in


the still water fresh water ponds, pools, lakes and
ditches and also in flowing streams.
Spirogyra SP
Spirogyra (common names include water silk, mermaid's
tresses, and blanket weed) is one of the commonest of
green algae abundant in spring.

It is commonly found in freshwater habitats, and


there are more than 400 species of Spirogyra in
the world.

Spirogyra measures approximately 10 to 100 μm


in width and may grow to several centimetres in
length
Fermentation Process to Produce Ethanol

Growing starch-accumulating, Contacting the decaying


filament-forming, or colony- biomass with a yeast capable of
forming algae in an aqua culture fermenting it to form a
environment fermentation solution

Harvesting the grown algae to Separating the resulting ethanol


form a biomass from the fermentation solution
How to Produce Saccharification is
By heating the solution at
a distance of 78-100C it will
cause most of the ethanol
carried out for 6 days at to evaporate, and through
300C and the process is the condensation unit
monitored every 24 ethanol will be produced
Dry algae are refined and
filtered so that biomass hours for the sugar
Identify the algae released through this
powder is obtained for
samples. Algae method.
fermentation or mixed
samples were
with water with a ratio of
Step 4
identified using the
1:15, then crushed with a
Smith Method and on
blender
microscopic
examination it was Step 3
identified as a species
of Spirogyra sp
Step 2
Fermentation by
Saccharomyces
cerevisiae and
Step 1
Distillation
Saccharification
by Aspergillus
Sample is dried niger biomass
in the sun or in
an oven until the
moisture
content is
around 40%
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