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INDIAN SPACE MISSION

Ananth.H.sankar ,
2nd CSC
INTRODUCTION
• The Indian Space Research Organisation is the
primary body for space research under the
control of the government of India.
• It was established in its modern form in 1969
as a result of coordinated efforts initiated
earlier.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
• The prime objective of ISRO is to develop
space technology and its application to
various national tasks.
• The Indian space program was driven by the
vision of Dr Vikram Sarabhai, considered as
the father of Indian Space Programme.
LAUNCH VEHICLES
• Satellite Launch Vehicle(SLV)
• Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle(ASLV)
• Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV)
• Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle(GSLV)
Satellite Launch Vehicle(SLV)
• SLV or SLV-3 was a 4-
stage solid-fuel light
launcher.
• It was intended to reach
a height of 500 km and
carry a payload of
40 kg.
Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle(ASLV)

• ASLV was a 5-stage solid


propellant rocket with
the capability of placing a
150 kg satellite into LEO.
• This project was started
to develop technologies
needed for a payload to
be placed into a geo-
stationary orbit.
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV)
• PSLV is an expendable
launch system.
• It was developed to allow
India to launch its Indian
Remote Sensing (IRS)
satellites into sun synchro-
nous orbit.
• PSLV can also launch small
satellites into geostationary
transfer orbit (GTO).
Geosynchronous SLV
• GSLV is an expendable
launch system.
• It was developed to
enable India to launch
its INSAT-type satellites
into geostationary orbit
and to make India less
dependent on foreign
rockets.
COMMUNICATION SATELLITES
• A communications satellite
is an artificial satellite
stationed in space for the
purposes of
telecommunications.
• For fixed services,
communications satellites
provide a microwave radio
relay technology
complementary to that of
submarine communication
cables.
• They are also used for
mobile applications.
EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL EXPLORATIONS
• India's first mission beyond
Earth orbit was Chandrayaan-
1, a lunar spacecraft which
successfully entered the lunar
orbit on November 8 , 2008.
• It carries high-resolution
remote sensing e q uipment
for visible, near infrared, and
soft and hard X - Ray
frequencies.
VISION FOR FUTURE
• ISRO plans to launch a
number of new-generation
Earth Observation Satellites
in the near future.
• It will also undertake the
development of new launch
vehicles and spacecraft.
• ISRO has stated that it will
send unmanned missions to
Mars and Near-Earth
Objects.
IRNSS
• The Indian Regional
Navigational Satellite
System (IRNSS) is an
autonomous regional
satellite navigation
system.
• Navigation Satellite
Systems like GPS are not
guaranteed in hostile
situations.
REUSABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE
• The development of RLVs is
driven by the desire to reduce
launch costs.
• No true orbital reusable
launch system is currently in
use.
• The orbiter, which includes
the main engines, and the
two solid rocket boosters, are
reused after several months
of refitting work for each
launch.
• The external fuel drop tank is
discarded.
APPLICATIONS
• Land and water resources management.
• Natural disaster forecasting.
• Radio networking.
• Weather forecasting.
• Meteorological imaging and computer
communication.
• Business, administrative services, and schemes
such as the National Informatics Centre (NICNET)
are direct beneficiaries of applied satellite
technology.
CONCLUSION
• India uses its satellites communication
network is one of the largest in the world
• ISRO has helped implement India's
Biodiversity Information System.
• ISRO has been successful mainly in developing
satellites, launch vehicles, Sounding rockets
and associated ground systems.