Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 179

HARNESSING TECNOLOGY FOR PU

EDUCATION (13.04.2018)
ORGANIZED BY
BEARYS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, MANGALORE

TOPIC
INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR
EDUCATION AND LEARNING
Dr. S.B. MALLUR
Professor and Chairman
Department of Studies in Mechanical Engineering
University B.D.T College of Engineering DAVANGERE – 577 004
(A Constituent College of V.T.U, Belgaum)
Cell No: 9448069380
E-Mail-sbmallur@rediffmail.com, sbmallur@gmail.com
Education Innovation

Terminology:
• flexible learning
• blended learning
• dual mode learning
• mixed mode learning
• multimodal learning
• integrated learning
• distributed learning
and others …
Innovation Leadership in usable
Competition driven knowledge

Knowledge Seekers
Creation of jobs Creation of knowledge

National Scholarship driven


Market driven prosperity
Advanced
Gainful and
useful knowledge Technology Science knowledge
Creation of value

Dr.BER-UBDTCE-18-12-17
Flexible Learning Model
Lecturer control

Face-to-face Video conferencing /


Specialised Practicals

Low Tech High Tech

Correspondence E-education

Student control
INTRODUCTION
 We look at the changing facts of ageing as both a challenge
and an opportunity.
 This presentation focus in particular on the many ways in
which societies are innovating better ways of living longer,
better ways of providing support and we explore the role
that social innovation can play in ageing societies.
 No society has yet ‘solved’ the challenges of ageing, and no
past societies have provided comprehensive models to
copy.
 Instead we have no choice but to innovate, experiment
and learn fast.
Many dozens of examples of innovation from across the
world, including
 • New ways for older people to remain active,
as volunteers or in providing mutual support.
 • New models of service delivery and care that
contribute to greater independence
 • New environments that can improve everyday
life
 • New ways of mobilising trusted networks to
provide support of all kinds
 As we show, there are rich examples of innovation in all of these fields,
many combining technologies and service design, new models of housing
and models of care, formal support and informal support.
What is innovation?
 Innovation is the process and outcome of creating
something new, which is also of value.

 Innovation is the first appearance or use of a


particular practice. It is the commercially
successful exploitation of ideas. This definition
associates innovation with a tangible outcome.

 Innovation involves the whole process from


opportunity identification, ideation or invention to
development, prototyping, production marketing and
sales, while entrepreneurship only needs to involve
commercialization.
Definitions
 Innovation = Invention + exploitation (Ettlie)

 A new way of doing things, which is


commercialized. The process of innovation cannot
be separated from a firm’s strategic and
competetive context (Porter)

 Adoption of ideas that are new to the adopting


organization
What is innovation?
 Today it is also said to involve the capacity to
adapt quickly by adopting new innovations
(products, processes, strategies, organization,
etc)

 Traditionally the focus has been on new


products or processes, but recently new
business models have come into focus, i.e. the
way a firm delivers value and secures profits.
What is innovation?
 Schumpeter argued that innovation comes
about through new combinations made by an
entrepreneur, resulting in
◦ a new product,
◦ a new process,
◦ opening of new market,
◦ new way of organizing the business
◦ new sources of supply
Core process of product innovation …

Technological Innovations

New products
Investments which meet
Customer
satisfaction

Customer Needs
Product innovations are not to be confused
with inventions
 Innovations
◦ Ideas, services, technologies and products that
have been developed and marketed to
customers who perceive them as novel or
new.
◦ It is a process of creating and delivering new
product or service values that did not
previously exist in the marketplace.
Product innovations are not to be confused
with inventions

 Inventions
◦ are new technologies or products
that may or may not be
commercialised and may or may not
deliver benefits to customers.
Product innovations are not to be confused
with inventions

 New product development

◦ The development of new brands, original


products, product improvements or
modifications, through the efforts of the
firm’s R&D.
Risks and returns in new-product development

 About 90% of new products developed fail.


 Only 40% of new consumer products
that are brought to market will be
around 5 years later
 Risk management essential.
 Research indicates that success depends
primarily upon the amount of time and
effort a company is prepared to invest in
making sure the new product fits its
market.
Why do new products fail?
 New product development is too expensive
 Unexpected delays and time to market too long
 Idea good but market overestimated
 Insufficient demand for the product or service
 Not as well designed as it should have been Incorrectly
positioned
 Incorrectly priced
 Competitors fight back more aggressively than
expected.
What influences new product success?
 Development of a unique superior product
◦ Better quality, new features and greater value
 Clearly defined market and product concept
 Meeting market needs
 Senior management commitment
 Relentless pursuit of innovation
 New product planning
 Systematic new product development process
Innovative Design
We easily come across terms such as:

o Fashion design
o Hair design
o Interior design
o Garden design
.
.
.

But what is design?


• Design is everywhere

• Design is making things better for people.


Design activity is focused on first and foremost
on human behavior and quality of life.

• Design could be viewed as an activity that


translates an idea into a blueprint for something
useful
Definitions of Design:

• A design is the tangible outcome, ie the


end product of the design process, for
example a camera or car etc…

• Design is a creative activity

• Design is a process by which information


is transformed into a tangible outcome
CREATIVITY is a key element in innovative design …
Characteristics of the creative personality:

 they are thought to be rebellious and independent.

 they are curious

 they are imaginative

 they are knowledgeable

 they have high observation power

 they are humorous

 they are focus


9 Steps of new product development

Steps in new product development


The New-Product Development
Process
Technology
in Education
Technology

Is
in Education

Technology
important
in today’s
education?
Unit questions:
• What types of • Are we
technology do handicapping
you see used in today’s students
today’s
education? if we don’t use
technology?
Unit Questions:
• What types of • With a lot of
technology do you information
feel are important today coming
for our students from the internet
to learn in order do you feel we
to be a positive should teach a
impact on our class on how to
society? use the internet?
Unit Question:
• Do you feel the use of
computers and other types of
technology can help special
needs students in their
educational experience?
What types of technology
do you see used
in today’s education?
• Computers in
education
• Use of TV’s
• DVD players, and
VCR’s
• IPODS, ITOUCHES,
and ELMOs
Use of computers in education

• Research
• Classroom activities
• Games - primarily for grades K-3
• Knowledge of computer programs
• Spreadsheets
TV’s, DVD’s, and VCR’s

• Films on topic being studied


• Educational videos
• Class Rewards
IPODS and ITOUCHES

• Educational music
• Educational Games
• Education for special need students
• Education videos
ELMO

• Overhead projection
• Today we have talked about the uses of a
few types of technology used in
classrooms.
• There are probably many other types of
technology that you have used or will use
in your classroom.
• The four I have discussed I have seen
used at one time or another.
• I think it is very important for you as an
educator to find what types of technology
work for you and your students and use
them.
Innovation in Education

Encouraging Innovation in Education


is fundamental to address growth and
expansion challenges in the regional
economy.
Education is key to prosperity.
Innovation in education
REGIONAL CHALLENGES IN EDUCATION

 Limited access to primary and secondary


education
 Limited access to post-secondary education
 Gender disparities in education enrollment in
some countries
 Rising violence in schools region-wide
 Challenges with uncertified teachers and lack of
teacher training
 Physical infrastructure challenges, low spending
and technology deficits limit the impact on
educational access
Innovation in education
 In general the current education system is
debilitated by low accessibility and low
levels of educational achievement although
there are exceptions.

 Radical change to our approach to


education is required.
 Part one - Focus on the development of a
creative and innovative citizen
 Part two - Focus on education reforms to foster
critical thinking, an innovative mindset and
entrepreneurial spirit
PART ONE. THE
CREATIVE AND
INNOVATIVE CITIZEN
 Goal: To achieve a Knowledge-Based
Economy
 The cultivation of creative and innovative
people
 Foster natural creativity and a mind-set to
convert challenges to opportunities, problem
identification and solution finding
 Teaching flexibility, positivity and the power of
perspective
PART ONE. THE CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE
CITIZEN
 Developing Creativity at Home

 Education starts in the home. Parents need to create a home


environment that encourages individuality, creativity, idea
development and problem solving.
 The skills and talents of children should be groomed at a
young age and they should be taught how to view challenges
as opportunities.

 Developing Creativity at School

 The structure of the current schooling system is geared


towards standardized testing following a strict curriculum which
does not lend to exploring the imagination and latent talents.

 We must re-think the principles which govern the current


education system.
PART ONE. THE CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE
CITIZEN
 Educate to Innovate
 The education system needs to be more focused on
developing attitudes that can lead to innovative ideas.
The education system should ideally foster
innovation, creativity and entrepreneurship.
 By honing students’ talents and channeling their
creativity, entrepreneurial attitudes can be fostered.
Entrepreneurship education should be integrated into
all educational levels of curricula.
 Students need to stop being job seekers but rather
critical thinkers, business creators and innovators.
PART ONE. THE CREATIVE AND INNOVATIVE
CITIZEN

 The Conditions for nurturing creativity


 Self-confidence

 Critical Thinking

 Collaborative engagement

 Multi-disciplinary and multi-talented work


teams
PART ONE. THE
CREATIVE AND
INNOVATIVE CITIZEN
 Developing The conditions for nurturing
creativity

 The innovative citizen is a critical thinker, a


problem solver and a life-long learner.

 To foster the development of the innovative


system we require transformations in
education, with a specialized focus on activity-
based learning, action solutions thinking, and
stimulating the quest for knowledge and for
answers.
Part two Transformations in Education

Nature of the Teaching Curriculum

Nature of the Classroom

Character of the Learning Experience


Part two Transformations in Education

 Transformation of the Curriculum


 Learning at the centre

 Education for personal liberation and multiple


perspectives
 Data-driven teaching and assessment of reality

 Openness to new learning and new learning


experiences
 Collaborative knowledge creation

 Learning beyond conventional notions of time and


space
Part two Transformations in Education

 Transformation of the Nature of the Classroom


 Using Technology as an enabler of education
 Interactive and activity-based learning
 From theory to practice VS from practice to theory
 Student leaders
 Teacher as mentor, mediator and coach
 A classroom beyond walls
 Multiple classrooms, same lessons, multiple
perspectives
Part two Transformations in Education

 Transformation of the Nature of the Classroom


Activity-based learning
 Innovative concept bringing real-world applicability to
abstract learning concepts

 Sparks greater inquiry into concepts and assists in the


development of critical thinking.

 A feature of the bottom-up approach to learning

 The student experience at the centre of the learning


process
Part two Transformations in Education

 Character of the Learning Experience


 The approach to learning should focus on bottom-up
learning and peer-learning rather than the traditional
top-down approach

 Education, teaching and learning should focus on the


development of critical thinking and problem solving

 Changing role of the teacher as teaching becomes a


dialogue.
Part two Transformations in Education
 Character of the Learning Experience
Improving Teacher Quality
 Improve the recruitment and selection process of teachers

 The teaching career should be made more attractive, teachers


need to be regarded as professionals

 Teacher training should be continuous and reflect changes in the


educational environment e.g. technological advancements to
improve learning. Teacher training programs need to be
accredited.

 More emphasis should be placed on rewarding effective teaching


Part two Transformations in Education
 The Socratic Method
 Challenges traditional approaches to teaching.
 Develops critical thinking skills and fosters an intellectual
approach to situations.
 It is an open-ended dialogue in which the teacher
essentially denies his or her own knowledge of a subject in
order to lead the student to the correct idea or answer.
 It requires the students to think through problems and
arrive at solutions thereby developing critical thinking skills.
 Socratic teaching focuses on personal development of the
student’s beliefs, voice and opinions.
 Creates more questions as well as some answers.
Conclusion REMARKS

 Cultivation of the innovative citizen starts in the home and


in the school environment.

 A transformation of the current system and a renewed


focus on learning will benefit the region and improve the
quality of education.

 The Socratic Method of teaching will support the focus on


learning and creativity as principal objectives, as well as
focus on developing critical thinkers, problem solvers and
life-long learners- ie. The Innovative Citizen
An Innovative Product - Emergency flashlight, the world's
most reliable flashlight, guarantees light without batteries,
forever !
Mechanisms of innovation
 Novelty in product or service (offering something no
one else does)
 Novelty in process (offering it in a new way)
 Complexity (offer something which others find difficult
to master)
 Timing (first mover advantage, fast follower)
 Add/extend competetive factors (e.g. From price to
quality or choice)
 Robust design (contribute a platform on which other
variations can build)
 Reconfiguring the parts (building more effective
business networks)
 ...
Dimensions of innovation
 Extent of change (radical—incremental)
 Modality of change (product—process)
 Complexity of change (component—architecture)
 Materiality of change (physical—intangible)
 Capabilities and change (enhances or destroys
market/technological capabilties)
 Relatedness of change (replaces a firm’s existing product
or extends it)
 Appropriability/Imitability (difficult or hard to hang on
to)
 Cycle of innovation (time between discontinuities)
Drivers for innovation
Financial pressures to reduce costs, increase efficiency, do more
with less, etc
Increased competition
Shorter product life cycles
Value migration
Stricter regulation
Industry and community needs for sustainable development
Increased demend for accountability
Demographic, social and maket changes
Rising customer expectations regarding service and quality
Changing economy
Greater availability of potentially useful technologies coupled
with a need to exceed the competition in these technologies
Assessing Innovation complexity

Dimensions and
degrees of
innovation Time to
implement

Technology
newness
Complexity

Market newness Risk


Classical models of innovation
◦ Science Push approaches suggest that innovation
proceeds linearly:
Scientific discovery  inventionmanufacturing  marketing

◦ Demand Pull approaches argued that innovation originates


with unmet customer need:
Customer suggestions  invention  manufacturing
Today’s basic model for innovation
management is interactive

Technological world Tech-entrepreneurship Commercial world


+
Administrative capabilities
=
Product/process Market
Research Development
development development
 Innovation creates and generates value and
could reflect in both co-created value and
shared value.

 Ultimately the purpose of innovation is for


improving and increasing the delivery of
superior meaning and superior value to the
customer while making it relevant, different
or new and valuable from the customer’s
stand point.
Managing New-Product Development
 New-product development involves more than just going
through a set of steps.
 Companies must take a holistic approach to managing this
process.

Customer-Centered New-Product Development

Team-Based New-Product Development

Systematic New-Product Development


New Product Ideas

Make the world go around


New Product Ideas
A helicopter has just one rotor to provide lift.
Electric Buses That Can Go 30 Hours On Single Charge
"Flying car" spreads its wings in Slovakia.
WELCOME TO THE FLYING
CAR:

Recently a Massachusetts-
based company called
“Terrafugia” came up with a
dream design of a flying car,
and produced it and
displayed it at the New York
International Auto show,
and so this dream car was
met with wonderful
reactions from the
attendances.
Toyota i-Road recently began limited trials in Tokyo and it looks fun as
hell !
LATEST MECHANICAL ENGINEERING NEWS UPDATE
FROM AUTO SECTOR (Feb. 12, 2014)
BMW And Toyota Plug-In Hybrid
Supercar Codenamed “Silk Road 2”

The Toyota and BMW technology-


sharing alliance will soon start
bearing fruit, including a new
hybrid sports car.
UAE team invents car with hands-
free driving
COMING SOON IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING:
Advanced Vehicle Technology - V2V Communication
It allows vehicles to communicate information about their speed,
conditions, and surroundings.
LATEST ENGINEERING NEWS FROM POWER SECTOR (Feb. 07, 2014)
The World’s Largest Solar Bridge Launched This January In The City of London

The massive construction located at the Blackfriars station is equipped with 4,400
photovoltaic panels, providing half of the energy required to operate all services there.
LATEST MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
INVENTION NEWS (Jan. 28, 2014)

Meet The Human Electric Vehicle, A Hybrid Canoe Car


Bangkok designers draw attention for air-purifying bike idea
Detail —Some observers are calling it "the photosynthesis bike."
Indian-origin scientist develops
'brain' for robots: (Sep 30, 2013)
The Uno motorcycle is unlike
anything you have ever seen before.
Finally, Subcompact
EV Hatchback For
Drivers In
Wheelchairs
Nissan Nuvu City Car Concept with Futuristic Dashboard

 Nissan Nuvu is a concept designed to offer next


generation car from Nissan with rear-mounted electric
motor and lithium ion battery pack. The design of this
concept car is quite unusual and small.
 For city use, the Nuvu’s performance is more than
adequate.
 Across the all-glass roof are a dozen of small solar
panels. Basically, natural, organic and recycled materials
are used to make its cabin.
 The steering of the car is very direct for quickness and
maneuverability in the city. No one will have any
problem in crowded roads and limited parking slots with
this tomorrow’s city car.
 Accurro Baby Stroller by Ciprian Andrus
 Accurro Baby Stroller has been designed especially to be used while doing
sporting activities such as jogging and cycling. This concept brings new
elements in stroller design with its multi-functionality, ergonomics, safety
and relaxation methods for both parents and children. This stroller is ideal for
people who love outdoor activity and adventure.
 According to the designer, Accurro Baby Stroller project is a revolutionary
concept that will bring stroller design to a whole new level. The shape boasts
simplicity, fluidity, safety as well as attractive design, it is very easy to
assemble. Available baby strollers in the market are not far from traditional
construction line, therefore, the production of Accurro is expected to create
significant impact. New features implemented on the strollers are usually for
adding new accessories instead of upgrading the stroller functionality itself.
That’s why we need to come up with something different, something that
breaks the pattern and very well defined over the years.
 There is a limited availability of innovative
products in India. They are either not available
online, nor can you buy them by paying in
rupees. Here are some useful products India
really needs to make available for purchase.
Sugru glue. Genius!
Laser Keyboard
A door that converts into a table tennis
table
A solar-powered camping tent for when
you're up in the hills!
A thumb holder to save broken
book spines!
Having problem holding your new book?

This is the simplest device ever made!


This self-stirring mug

Self Stirring Mug


If you love a life of
luxury, the self-stirring
mug is for you. The self-
stirring mug will keep
your coffee frothy and
nicely blended till last
sip, without the need of
a spoon. Here is a video
of the mug in action
your towels, but disinfects them
with UV light.
A water sterilizer for your fresh
foods.
Shoes that easily
transform into a mobile
shelter.
An insanely simple design for a
coffee cup that catches all the drips.
For teachers: a date stapler.
police to your location if you’re in
an unsafe situation.
A circular shower that
rinses you off from
every angle.
A coffeemaker that uses handprint
recognition to make the perfect cup
of coffee according to personal
preference.
Instant Toaster
Aqua-Sink
Plate-Wine-Glass-Holder
Egg-Sun-Flower
Multiple-Knife-Set
Deglon Stainless Steel Nesting Knives
Neck Warmer
Compact-Sofa-Set
Twisted-Fork
Multi-
Chopper-
Scissor
Dual-Torch
Temperature-Mug
Peep-Through-Umbrella
Globe-Umbrella

Illuminating-umbrella
Cup-Holder-Clip
Illuminating-Rocking-Chair
Stair-Shoe-Rack
Dual Nozzle Jug
Sofa-Book-Shelf
Baby-Cushion-Hands Keeping your baby calm all night
The corn peeler! No more corn in
your teeth!
Just an awesome soap dispenser
A bike that folds into a small
portable box
Foldable bucket
Never fall over accidentally again
 Now you don't have to keep track of the minutes the tea bag
is supposed to infuse in the tea water
Only one USB port in your computer? Not a
problem with these
Hook-On Balcony Planters
In modern day living,
space is an important
asset. While we love to
have greenery and
floral beauty, its not
always possible to find
a space for pots. These
redesigned planters
are a perfect solution
for your apartment
Short on table size? Here is the hack!
Table clip cup holder
Lego key holder
Pen that scans the color
Save your fingers!
Slice equal amount of butter everytime!
Solar charging while parking
Holder for umbrella for Cycles/Umbrella for e-Bikes

first thing which comes to mind is, why did


we not think of this :)
Raincoats for E-bikes
Gloves attachment on scooters
This is so badly required in all houses...
(extendable wire plugs)
These Pocket Ash Trays in Japan

They are wonderful.

They come in fancy designer look too.


Innovative Life Style Furnitures
More Innovative Ads
Self Locking Bike
innovative bike, designed by
Kevin Scott, comes with a
bendable frame that allows the
bicycle to be wrapped around a
lamp post. Ratchet system built
into the frame enables it to fold
around poles and allows both
wheels and the frame to be
secured with one bicycle lock.
¤Even the best teacher can
learn a great deal from his or
her students

169
If I can not
learn the way
you teach,
will you
teach me the
way I can
learn?
171
Working Together, We Can achieve our goal and
expected qualities in higher education

172
 THANK YOU
 FOR
 LISTENING
 PATIENTLY

178
The End