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INTERNAL ADVISOR

Mr. Asif Hasan Askari

TEAM MEMBERS:

Azhar Lodhi(2011-TE-054)

Hammna Ashraf(2011-TE-084)

Syeda Mehak Fatima(2011-TE-093)

Hamid Jamal Nasir Siddiqui(2011-TE-097)


Introduction
1 Objectives

Introduction
1 Overview
2 Objectives

 Hardware
1 Modules
2 Microcontroller
3 Relay
4 Serial Communication & Baud Rate

 Software
1 C language
2 C sharp
3 Flow Chart
4 SQL server

 Future Work
 Conclusion
Live transmission rate checking for
different antenna

GSM messages to be sent at


defined intervals

Power dissipation calculation

Antenna alignment
 Different types of antennas used.
 Mux takes digital Signals multiplex these
signals into one.
 SLC generates code w.r.t antenna
parameters.
 Power level circuitry checks the power level
of antenna, if mismatch sends message to
a vendor
 Updates database according to antenna
parameters and compare it to threshold
value
 For alignment there are two antennas
both are operating by their own circuit
i)one moveable(RX)
ii)fixed (TX)
 Transmission and Reception also
performed
Modules:

GSM Module SIM 900


 providing an interface between the vendor and system.
 One more advantage of using GSM module on our project is that it
provides world wide coverage.
 Specification:
Quad band
AT commands used
Sending and receiving SMS
Voice call

RF Module NRF24l01


 Specification:
Works on ISM Band(2.4GHz)
SPI interface for communication
Used as transceiver for wireless data transmission
 Microcontroller:

 AVR ATmega8L:

Why we use ATmega8L?

 Executes most instructions in one clock cycle.


 Non-banked access to data memory
 Relay:
 Relay SPDT(Single Pole Double-Throw) switch
 Used for isolation
 Antenna switching
 Low Loss typically 1dB
 Fast switching
 Bidirectional
SERIAL COMMUNICATION:
 Serial communication is a foam of I/O
 Bits or bytes transferred one after other in a time
sequence

Baud Rate:

 Numbers of bits that are transferred in one second is


known as Baud Rate
 Unit: Bps (Bits per second)

baud rate = 9600


C-Language: Fast & Efficient

Modularity

Portable

Extensibility

Flexibility

Software Used:
C Sharp Features: Simple

Modern

Interoperability

Updateable

Object Oriented
A&T
Commands
GSM
Module

C Language
Microcon
trollers

Applicat
ion for C sharp
Decodin
g

Datab
ase SQL Server
Serve
r

Algorit
hm

Repor
t send
to
vendo
r
a program that takes the input from the user
the data is used to update the SQL Database
Linked SQL server with Microsoft Visual Studios C#
Designed on Virtual Studios 2010
linked to SQL Server 2008
AT commands used in our project to control the GSM are as follows:
• Pattern sensing through spectrum analyzer
• Implementation using Fiber Optics
It involved is to design a project in which a system is
developed to monitor the condition of multiple
antennas installed in a particular area. In case of
detection of fault, the project will send a message to
the concerned engineers about the fault with the
change in parameter values(if in Power) .If the fault is
due to alignment, A control circuitry will adjust the
position of antenna.