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Gains of the UMTS High-Power Capacity

Improvement Solution
Contents
 Solution Gains Under Different Power Combinations
 Solution Gains Under Multi-Sector Networks with 40 W Maximum Transmit Power
 Solution Gains on Dual-Band Networks with 40 W Maximum Transmit Power

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Simulation Conditions Under Different
Power Combinations
Simulation map Simulation conditions

Parameter Value

20 W and 2 W (baseline);
40 W and 2 W/4 W;
Max. Power and
60 W and 2 W/3 W/4 W/5 W;
Pilot Power (dBm)
80 W and 2 W/4 W/6 W;
100 W and 2 W/5 W/8 W/10 W

Antenna Type and Gain (dBi) Kathrein 742215 and 18 dBi (3 sectors)

Frequency (MHz) 2140 (typical bandwidth: 5 MHz)

Propagation Model Volcano

Scenario Dense urban

Inter-site Distance 250-480 m

Target DL Load 90%


Burst:
User Traffic Model Time interval: 3s
Packet size: 300 Kbit
Map E-map of Chengdu

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Solution Gains Under Different Power
Combinations
As indicated in the table, 20 W maximum transmit power and 2 W PCPICH power is used as the baseline configuration for gain
evaluation. Capacity gains are listed in the following table by checking the cell traffic gains with downlink load at 70% before and
after power reconstruction. By checking capacity gains, the maximum deterioration of Ec/Io is listed in the following table.

Downlink Capacity Gains


Max.Tx. Power and Maximum Deterioration
Pilot Ratio (Keep the downlink load at 70% RSCP Gains (dB)
PCPICH Power of Ec/Io (dB)
before and after reconstruction.)

30 W and 2 W 6.7% 12% 0 1.77


40 W and 2 W 5.0% 20% 0 3
40 W and 4 W 10.0% 1% 3 0
60 W and 3 W 5.0% 20% 1.77 3
60 W and 4 W 6.7% 13% 3 1.77
60 W and 5 W 8.3% 7% 4 0.77
80 W and 4 W 5.0% 21% 3 3
80 W and 6 W 7.5% 11% 4.77 1.23

Remarks:
•The coverage areas get extended and may bring greater gains due to an increasing number of users. The preceding capacity gains do not take this fact
into account. After the coverage of live network is extended, the number of users the network will accommodate is dependent on the distribution and the
users' behavior. This makes it difficult to construct scenarios in simulations. Therefore, the number of users and the user traffic modes remain unchanged
by default in simulations before and after power reconstruction.
•As a load of 70% is the capacity suppression threshold of original network, a capacity gain of 20% is allowed for capacity expansion of 40 W/2 W.
•The preceding criteria are also applicable to UMTS networks running on the 2100 MHz or 900 MHz band.
•If the pilot ratio is 10% or higher (such as: 40 W maximum transmit power and 4 W PCPICH power), see UMTS Wide-Coverage Solutions.
Note: For evaluation method of capacity suppression threshold for live networks, see UMTS High-Power Capacity Solution Differentiated Capacity
Expansion Guide.

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Simulation Conditions Under Multi-Sector
Networks with 40 W Maximum Transmit Power
Simulation map Simulation conditions
Parameter Value
20 W and 2 W_3 sector (baseline)
Max. Power and Pilot Power
40 W and 2 W_6 sectors
(dBm)
40 W and 4 W_6 sectors
Kathrein 742215 (3 sectors)
Huawei/AMB4520R0 (6 sectors_U2100)
Antenna Type
Huawei/AMB4519R0 (6 sectors_U900)
Huawei/AMB4521R0 (9 sectors_U2100)
Frequency(MHz) 2140/900 (typical bandwidth: 5 MHz)

Propagation Model Volcano

Scenario Dense urban

Inter-site Distance 250-480 m

Target DL Load 90%

Burst:
User Traffic Model Time interval: 3s
Packet size: 300 Kbit

Map E-map of Chengdu


20 W and 2 W 40 W and 2 W
40 W and 4 W

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Solution Gains Under Multi-Sector Networks with 40 W Maximum
Transmit Power
As indicated in the table, 3-sector network with 20 W maximum transmit power and 2 W PCPICH power is used as baseline
configuration for gain evaluation. Capacity gains on multi-sector network with 40 W maximum transmit power are listed in the
following table by checking the cell traffic gains with the downlink load at 70% before and after power reconstruction. The
maximum deterioration of Ec/lo is listed in the following table by checking the increase of capacity gains.

Downlink Capacity Gains


Max. Tx. Power Maximum
Number of Frequency (Keep the downlink load RSCP SHO Percentage
and Pilot Ratio Deterioration of
Sector Band at 70% before and after Gains (dB) Increase
PCPICH Power Ec/Io (dB)
reconstruction.)

40 W and 2 W 6 sectors U2100 only 5.0% 100% 1 3.4 5%


40 W and 4 W 6 sectors U2100 only 10.0% 70% 4 0.4 5%
40 W and 2 W 6 sectors U900 only 5.0% 80% 0.5 3.75 15%
40 W and 4 W 6 sectors U900 only 10.0% 55% 3.5 0.75 15%
40 W and 2 W 9 sectors U2100 only 5.0% 150% 2.5 3.6 15%
40 W and 4 W 9 sectors U2100 only 10.0% 120% 5.5 0.6 15%

Remarks:
• The coverage areas get extended and may bring greater gains due to an increasing number of users. The preceding capacity gains do not consider this fact. Because
after the coverage of live network is extended, the number of users the network will accommodate is dependent on the users' distributions and behavior. This makes it
difficult to construct scenarios in simulations. Therefore, the number of users and the user traffic modes remain unchanged by default in simulations before and after
power reconstruction, see above table for power improvement.
• As the downlink load of 70% is the capacity suppression threshold of original network, a capacity expansion of 20% is allowed for capacity gains with 40 W maximum
transmit power and 2 W PCPICH power.
• The reason for smaller capacity gains after low-frequency multi-sector networks with 40 W maximum transmit power is increased on low-frequency multi-sector network:
Performance of low-frequency split antennas is less good than those of high-frequency split antennas.

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Simulation Conditions Under Dual-Band
Networks with 40 W Maximum Transmit Power
Simulation map Simulation conditions
Simulation Dense urban areas: All adjacent areas undergo power
Scenario reconstruction at the same time.
Max. Transmit 20 W and 2 W (baseline);
Power and Pilot 40 W and 2 W;
Power (dBm) (Reconstruction is performed on both U900 and U2100 networks.)
Map E-map of Hangzhou
Propagation
Volcano
Model
Frequency Band U900 and U2100 (typical bandwidth: 5 MHz)
Capacity simulation for burst traffic:
User Traffic Model
• Time interval: 3s
• Packet size: 300 Kbit
Target DL Load 90%
Mode of Users are distributed on the map according to geographical
Distributing Users environment. Through settings, about 70% of users stay indoors.
High and low frequency cells are counted respectively and all cells
Statistic Method
are counted together.

Engineering parameters for live network GSM900 and U2100 of


Engineering Hangzhou are applicable. However, there are no U900
Remarks: Parameters engineering parameters available. For U900 engineering
• As illustrated, the whole area is for simulation. However, when result data is parameters, see that of G900.
generated, only 10 base stations in the center of the map are counted, sites
in the peripheral circle are viewed as interfering ones. • 0 dB (random camping)
• Distribution of 10 sites in the center: 10 sites operate in the U2100 band, 8 Qoffset • 1.5 dB (load balancing scenarios)
sites operate in the U900 band, 2 of which operate in U2100 networks. 4 • 3 dB and 5 dB (preferential camping on UMTS 2100)
sites operate in both U900 and U2100 bands and have the same azimuth; 4
sites operate in both U900 and U2100 bands but have different azimuths.

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Solution Gains on Dual-Band Networks
with 40 W Maximum Transmit Power

Downlink Capacity Gains Maximum


Max.Tx. Power and
Frequency Band Pilot Ratio (Keep the downlink load at 70% before and RSCP Gains (dB) Deterioration of
PCPICH Power
after reconstruction.) Ec/lo (dB)

U900 40 W and 2 W 5.0% 20% 0 3

U2100 40 W and 2 W 5.0% 20% 0 3

U900 and U2100 40 W and 2 W 5.0% 20% 0 3

Notes:
•Dual-band network with 20 W maximum transmit power and 2 W PCPICH power is used as configuration baseline for gains stated in the
table.
•Evaluation method of capacity gains on singe-band network: Capacity gains of such layer of carrier are listed in the above table by
checking the downlink load of original network traffic suppression threshold (such as: 70%).
•Evaluation of capacity gains on dual-band networks: Regardless of the camping mode, the capacity gains of the network are obtained by
checking capacity gains when load on either band reaches the service suppression threshold (for example, 70% in the simulations).
•The maximum deterioration of Ec/Io is listed in the above table by checking the increase of the capacity gains.

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