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 The phenomena of the physical world collectively, including plants, animals, the
landscape, and other features and products of the earth.
 It is what we can see all around as, and provides as resources like air, water, land
and possibly every thing needed for the survival of life.
 Human needs are growing every day. So to meet his needs, they are
consuming more and more resources. This leads to the depletion of natural
 While meeting the ever-growing needs, we put pressure on the environment.
When the pressure exceeds the carrying capacity of the environment to repair
or replace itself, it creates a serious problem of environmental degradation.
 Human activities like environmental pollution is amplifying this degradation
 Wastes are accumulating in every corners, and increasing day by day.
 Industrialization and advent of new corporates has a major part in this
 These companies are using our natural resources and turning them in to useful
products according to human needs. As a biproduct wastes are producing.
 So these corporates has a responsibility to our society to prevent hazards
caused by this process and lead by example.
 We are going to introduce such a company.
 IOC ,India’s flagship national oil company and downstream petroleum
major, was incorporated on June 30, 1959 headquartered in New Delhi

 Their products includes fuels and different types of lubricants.

 It is the largest commercial enterprise in the country, with a net profit of

INR 19,106 crore (USD 2,848 million) for the financial year 2016–17

 It is ranked 1st in Fortune India 500 list for year 2016 and 168th in
Fortune's ‘Global 500’ list of world's largest companies in the year 2017.
IOC and Society

 Environmental degradation is the disintegration of the environment due to various

activities like over exploitation of the environment and resources. This includes
pollution of air, water, land etc.

causes Effects
• Land disturbance • Loss of diversity
• Over population • Ozone depletion
• Land fillings • Major impact on human health
• Deforestation • Loss of eco system
• Natural causes • Climate change
IOC’s Green Agenda

 As an active partner of the Global Compact Programme of the United

Nations, Indian Oil is fully Focused on “sustainable development.”
 As a dominant player, the Corporation recognizes protection of
environment as a core commitment of its business.
 IOC’s features includes.
 State of the art level refineries and treatment plants.
 ISO 14001 certified environmental management standards. All Indian Oil
refineries are accredited for Occupational Health & Safety Assessment
Series (OHSAS-18001).
 use of low- Sulphur fuel oil, de sulphurisation of refinery fuel gas, tall stacks
for better dispersion of flue gases, advanced process control systems; and
energy conservation measures to reduce fuel consumption.
 The sulphur dioxide emissions at IndianOil Refineries are well below the limits
prescribed by the Ministry of Environment & Forests and State Pollution
Control Boards.

 Ambient air monitoring stations with automatic continuous monitoring

instruments are provided at all the refineries.

 0.5% sulphur diesel was introduced and 0.25% sulphur diesel was introduced
in the TAJ area
Climatic change:

• Greenhouse gases and other major toxic gases harmful to the environment
polluting the atmosphere day by day.
• The co2, methane, nitrous oxide etc is acting as a cover that prevents heat from
escaping the earth atmosphere there by increasing heat. This causes global
• This increased temperature melts polar ice caps and increase sea level. A
greater threat to the mankind in the near future
 IOC has renewed its focus on green energy and sustainability initiatives, having firmed up a
mega clean energy drive that includes plans to invest Rs 1,820 crore in setting up green energy
generation capacity, pushing bio-fuel blending in petroleum products and adopting measures to
cut down its carbon footprint.
 Other initiatives like: CNG, Ethanol blended petrol, LPG, Bio diesel, Hydrogen energy etc are
 The term ‘recycle’ is important when it comes to waste management.
 IOC is giving very much importance to water conservation and recycling
 The company uses world class, efficient methodologies.
 Like filtration systems and rain water harvestings.
 All these steps have led to 80-95% wastewater being reused in our refineries,
which has resulted in substantial reduction in fresh water consumption.

 Treated effluent streams are reused / recycled for various purposes in

refineries like make-up for fire water, cooling tower etc
 Sour water generated in various units is stripped of contaminants such as
ammonia and H2S and recycled in de-salters besides using it for process
flushing requirements.
 Advanced treatment systems like Ultra Filtration, Reverse Osmosis etc. are
used to convert treated effluent to de-mineralised water or for use in cooling
towers as make-up water.
 Rainwater harvesting structures have been put up in all refinery townships,
Marketing and Pipeline installations and R&D Centre for recharging
IOC also involved in air pollution control techniques like..
 Use of tall stacks
 Use of low sulphur fuel oil/ sweet natural gas/ desulphurised refinery gas in
boilers and heaters to minimize SO2 emission.
 Use of NOx burners
 Hydrogen Sulphide generated during desulphurisation of refinery gas is
converted to elemental sulphur in Sulphur Recovery Units etc.

• "CSR," is a corporation's initiatives to assess and take responsibility

for the company's effects on environmental and social wellbeing

• As committed and loyal to the society, Indian oil Corporation

promotes and conducts various CSR programs.

• Indian Oil also understands the importance of creating a benevolent

social impact of its work and minimizing the adverse impact of energy
use on ecology.
Some of IOC’s CSR are..
• LPG scheme for BPL families.
• IOC’s hospital’s .
• Multi-Skill development institute in Assam.
• Various scholarships.
Sustainable Development: Sustainable development is the organizing
principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time
sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources
and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend

• Economic maximization is no longer the agenda of Indian oil corporation. The

company itself is showing a better path to the world. The green initiative and
pledge to minimize the carbon content is alone is the evidence of that. Some
others are listed below

 Solar and wind energy projects.

 The Indian oil corporation without doubt promote and support various
initiatives that helps for sustainable development. Changing with the
environment and introduction of new technologies, proper and efficient
waste management techniques held the company’s good will high.

 The company’s robust asset infrastructure latest and advance technology and
strong market position is appraisable.

 As an active partner in the UN’s environmental programs, IOC is committed

to follow UN’s various climatic agreements and norms. The green belt
initiative which includes the installation of trees in the company premises is a
commendable move. The company also committed in lowering the Sulphur
emission to 0.5% ,0.15 in environmental sensitive areas.
 As a contribution in preventing the climatic change the IOC is producing and
promoting the use of CNG, LPG, Ethanol Blended Petrol, Biofuel and hydrogen
energy. The non-profitable commitment to the environment is appraisable.

 The waste water treatment and recycling is done in the plant. With the help
of advanced and efficient techniques, the plant effectively recycles 80-90 %
of waste water and uses it. Initiatives like rain water harvesting plant and RO
plant adds glory to this program.

 Solid wastes, the biproduct of the refining process is treated with utmost
• The company itself follows various good initiatives for environmental protection
and to prevent climatic change. But that is not enough. The organisation should
come forward with initiatives to promote such things to the public. The people
should be enlightened about the need of such initiatives and the company should
lead them.

• The company should promote and revile their achievements (environmental

protection) like the carbon emission, sulphur minimization etc through wide
reaching medias like newspaper’s etc. the internet is still not reachable to some

• It has come to our notification that, the CSR and other charity programmes by the
company is concentrated mostly on rural areas in the northern states. They should
do more such activities to the southern states as well.
• The rumours like lack of safety is some what true. The company should be
more cautious about the workers safety and public as well.

• The waste management machines and techniques should be constantly

monitored. Should implement modern facilities and machinery as in
western countries.

• The Indian Oil Corporation should consider giving more opportunities to the
younger generation. Mainly employment and educational support to
brightest minds. Should give them opportunities.

• Environment constitutes a very important part of our life. To understand life

without studying the impact of environment is simply impossible.
• Every single human being is responsible for the protection of the nature.
• We have to conserve this gift for the next generation as well.
• Sustainable development is vital.
• So its time to solve our mistakes and protect what we have left.