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ABSTRACT

The Mother Theresa Institute of Engineering and Technology is one of the


most important educational institute in the chittoor district with a large number of
people residing in its campus consisting of a number of laboratories of various
departments, residential units, academic blocks and number of hostels.

A study on domestic waste water characterization has been performed


followed by the design of sewage treatment plant. The present study involves the
analysis of pH value, total solids, total suspended solids, hardness, acidity,
alkalinity, chloride, chlorine, BOD, DO and heavy metals such as Iron, Copper,
Zinc, Magnesium, Nickel, Chromium, Lead, Calcium, Aluminium, Silicon,
Potassium.

A sewage treatment plant is quite necessary to receive the domestic and


commercial waste and removes the materials which pose harm for general public.
Its objective is to produce an environmentally-safe fluid waste stream (or treated
effluent) and a solid waste (or treated sludge) suitable for disposal or reuse (usually
as farm fertilizer).
INTRODUCTION
Pollution in its broadest sense includes all changes that curtail natural utility
and exert deleterious effect on life. The crisis triggered by the rapidly growing
population and industrialization with the resultant degradation of the environment causes
a grave threat to the quality of life.

• Sewage and sewage effluents are the major sources of water pollution. Sewage is
mainly composed of human fecal material, domestic wastes including wash-water and
industrial wastes.
• In the past, domestic waste water treatment was mainly confined to organic carbon
removal.
• Recently, increasing pollution in the waste water leads to developing and
implementing new treatment techniques to control nitrogen and other priority
pollutants.
OBJECTIVE
The principal objective of waste water treatment is generally to allow human
and industrial effluents to be disposed of without danger to human health or
unacceptable damage to the natural environment.
• Sewage includes household waste liquid from toilets, baths, showers, kitchens, sinks
and so forth that is disposed of via sewers. Sewage also includes liquid waste from
industry and commerce.
• The objectives of the study are:
1. Physical, chemical and biological characterization of the domestic waste
water from hostels of
2. Comparison with the prescribed standard
3. Design of the sewage treatment plant.
STUDY AREA
Design of sewage treatment plant at Mother Theresa institutions where it
has disposal problems the workplace which is the main sources of
generating sewage water unit in the study area:

1.GIRLS HOSTEL
2.BOYS HOSTEL
Characterisation
• There are 2 types of characteristics involve in Sewage water

1.Physical characteristic of sewage water


(i) Odour
(ii) Taste
(iii) Colour
(iv) Turbidity
(v) Floatability
2.Chemical characteristics of sewage water
(i)Alkalinity
(ii). Acidity
(iii). Chloride
(iv). Residual Chlorine
(v). Ph. of the sample
(vi). Biochemical Oxygen Demand
(vii). Dissolved Oxygen
Design of sewage treatment plant
• Plant capacity
• Sizing calculation for collection pit
• Sizing calculation for bar screen
• Sizing calculation of aeration tank
• Check for aeration period/hydraulic retention time
Future scope
Today‘s common problems would g away if our homes could become
equipped with self-sustained water modules. Less water discharged into the
rivers would mean less piping, repairs and ground water disruptions and
therefore a better preserved infrastructure. This may mean less storm water run
off via in filtration collection devices. Perhaps one day, water supply issues
will be reversed with better water treatment and delivery systems.