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Fuel for the

* A stable isotope of hydrogen with a natural abundance in the

oceans of Earth of approximately 1 atom in 6,400 of hydrogen

(0.0156%)

* It is also known as heavy hydrogen.


* The nucleus of deuterium, called a deuteron, consists of one

proton and one neutron.

* The name of this isotope is derived from the Greek word


* Deuterium is non-radioactive, and is found in small
quantities wherever hydrogen is present.

* Deuterium can replace the normal hydrogen in water


molecules to form “Heavy water (D2O)”, which is about
10.6% more dense than normal water (enough that ice
made from it sinks in ordinary water).
Deuterium was "predicted" in 1926 by Walter Russell,

using his "spiral" periodic table, and first detected

spectroscopically in late 1931 by Harold Urey, a chemist

at Columbia University. Urey distilled five liters of

cryogenically-produced liquid hydrogen to 1 mL of liquid

and showed spectroscopically that it contained a very

small amount of an isotope of hydrogen with an atomic


The amount inferred for normal abundance of this heavy
isotope was too tiny that it had not noticeably affected
previous measurements of (average) hydrogen atomic
mass. Urey was also able to concentrate water to show
partial enrichment of deuterium. The discovery of
deuterium, which happened before the discovery of the
neutron in 1932, was an experimental shock to theory,
and after the discovery of neutron was reported,
Gilbert Newton Lewis, an American physicist
prepared the first samples of pure heavy water in
1933. During World War II, Germany was known to
be conducting experiments using heavy water as
moderator for a nuclear reactor design. Such
experiments were a source of concern because
those experiments might allow Germans to produce
Eventually, it led to the operation called the "Norwegian
heavy water sabotage", a series of actions undertaken by
Norwegian saboteurs during World War II to prevent the
German nuclear energy project from acquiring heavy water
(deuterium oxide), which could be used to produce nuclear
weapons. The purpose was to destroy the Vemork (name of
a hydroelectric power plant) deuterium
production/enrichment facility in Norway. At that time it was
considered important to the potential progress of the war.
Twenty years ago, a certain Dr. Nona Calo from Butuan
City in Mindanao, hypothesized that a very large deposit
of deuterium can be found in the Philippine Deep, located
off the waters of Surigao. First discovered and isolated in
1932 by Urey, deuterium or heavy water is composed of
two isotopes of hydrogen and an oxygen atom. With more
hydrogen molecules than ordinary water, it is much
heavier than water and even saltwater, causing it to
Many scientists, by virtue of the
characteristics of the isotope,
believe that the great deposit of
the isotope can be found in the
deepest part of the ocean.
“Deuterium deposit in the Philippine Trench, the largest in the

world, is 868 miles long, 52 miles at the widest point and 2 miles

at the deepest point which is 10.057 kilometers below sea

level. Deuterium can be obtained from this depth of more than 7

kilometers below sea level under 10,000 psi of ocean pressure,

replenished by nature 24 hours


Dr. Anthony B. Haloga day after it travelled 12,000 km
Sustainable Technology Office of the Institute for Chemical
from the CentralProcess
Americaand to the Philippines
Environmental across
Technology, the vast
National Pacific
Research
Council of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Ocean".
The amazing thing about deuterium is that at
room temperatures or normal atmospheric
pressure, deuterium atoms are electrolyzed
naturally out of water dispelling hydrogen
gas. This natural phenomenal process needs no
expensive electric power-consuming electrolysis
to artificially separate hydrogen from oxygen in
It electrolyzes out of water in the form of Hydrogen gas
because Deuterium is concentrated hydrogen subjected to
the pressure of water mass at the ocean floor of about
10,000 psi or more. Deuterium obtained from depths of
more than 7,000 meters below sea level and at more than
10,000 psi pressure causes the oxygen in water to
disengage, separate and escape naturally from hydrogen
leaving only Hydrogen isotopes to combine with other
And Deuterium under pressure, when exposed to
room temperature or atmospheric condition,
forms or electrolyzes naturally into Hydrogen Gas,
in the same manner that LPG (Liquefied Petroleum
Gas) and LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) in liquid
state transform into gas after fusion process with
air in the atmosphere the moment their tank
Dr Halog said its economic potential in this
breathe is about 12 million barrels per day
capacity priced at US$7.00 per barrel, this is
US$84 million per day or US$30.66 billion per
year, enough to wipe out all existing foreign
debts of the Philippine Government in one
year, revenue-wise in foreign exchange.
Deuterium is used in the production of
(Hydrogen) Li-Hy Fuel now used in Canada,
America, Germany and some parts of Sweden
to provide fuel for cars, trucks, jet planes, etc.
including solid Hydrogen for Spacecrafts
Challenger and Columbia . Deuterium can
replace gasoline, LPG, LNG, Avgas, etc. in
It does not emit pollutants or any harmful
carbon monoxide and does not cause any
environmental problems because it is in the
water family as emissions are nothing but water
vapor or steam. Deuterium as Hydrogen Fuel
can be used for cooking, lighting, heating, and
as Heavy Water fuel for Reactors in electric
Public works, private construction, economic
and financial booms are expected to happen in
the Philippines in the same manner as those
which happened in the Middle East and
financial centers of the world from 1974 to
1984, with everybody earning their respective
comfortable livelihood, while pricing basic
Deuterium and Hydrogen Fuel is the
final and lasting hope of the Filipino
People and the Government to be great
again. This untapped source of energy
supply will make the Philippines one of
the richest country in the world.
The problem faced by those who wants to extract
natural deuterium from the Philippines seas is
probably the enormous pressure that is existing in
the very area where deuterium are supposed to be
found. To reach the area of deuterium concentration,
a drilling system should reach a level of at least
30,000 feet deep into the ocean, where the water
pressure could reach as high as 10,000 psi, or the
Apparently, there is no material known today
that could withstand such enormous amount
of pressure. Maybe diamonds could be strong
enough to endure the extraordinary pressure
down there but imagine how much diamonds
should be needed in order to manufacture a
very long tube. That’ll be unimaginable in both
What hasn't been done before does not mean
that it cannot be done. Deuterium mining is
practically just pumping water from the ocean
bottom. The present technology in offshore
oil production is up to depths of 6.4
kilometers from the sea level, and they still
have to drill through the ocean bottom to get
Deuterium, the target element, is located just
between 7 to 10 kilometers from the sea surface
and needs no further drilling. And since
deuterium naturally electrolyzes when the 10,000
psi ocean pressure is gradually removed through
the pumping process and replaced by lower
atmospheric pressure, two upper pipes will then
The dispelled hydrogen gas, can then be
collected, compressed and stored as liquid
hydrogen. The pipeline itself shall serve as the
refinery of deuterium to produce hydrogen. Oil
mining may actually be more laborious, costly
and dangerous in comparison to deuterium
mining, and oil refining more expensive than
The tidal conditions along the Philippine Trench have
to be included in the research and studied all year
round. Petroleum production in the North Sea,
located between the Isles of Britain and Norway, goes
uninterrupted despite the perennial turbulences in its
waters and harsh climatic condition in the area
ranging from icy cold to ordinary cold temperatures.
Scores of oil rigs in the North Sea are 170 to 200 miles
from the nearest port, compared to a possible site on the
Philippine Trench which is only 100 miles from Surigao
City and 120 miles from Tacloban City. If workers in the
North Sea oil rigs need to work only half the time (two
weeks work; two weeks rest) all year round due to the
extreme and dangerous working conditions in the area,
working in deuterium rigs in the Pacific is just like taking
But scientists nowadays always finds a way and when
the time comes that a kind of metal could actually be
developed, one that could reach ten thousand meters
underwater without breaking apart and efficiently drill
out barrels and barrels of sea water that contains
deuterium, then that’ll be the time the Philippines could
become the main hawker of fuels for the world’s cars,
airplanes, buses, factories, power plants and whatever
Estimates show that there are only 1,000 billion barrels
of reserve petroleum left in the world today. With the
world's annual consumption of 28.6 billion barrels, all
reserve oil will be fully used up 35 years from
now. World energy requirements will have to be shifted
then to natural gas which still has 5,457 trillion cubic
feet in reserve. But this particular source is still subject
to depletion. Hydrogen, which has an abundant and
If the Philippines can tap this energy source,
we can have a much better future and
economic position than the rest of the world
including the United States of America. Should
we, as a nation, will have reached this point in
our history, Philippines can then be described
as the fabled promised land ..., a land flowing
Compiling this report wasn’t easy when you don’t
have enough resources, but if there’s anybody who
can do it, it’s

ME! JK. =))