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The body of the ovary consists of:

spindle-shaped cells
fine collagen fibres & OVARIAN STROMA
ground substance

 The stromal cells resemble fibroblasts but


some contain lipid droplets
 Bundles of smooth muscle cells are also
scattered throughout the stroma.
A corpus albicans CL corpus luteum D degenerating corpus luteum F follicle
Ft Fallopian tube H helicine artery L broad ligament M medulla
A corpus albicans CL corpus luteum D degenerating corpus luteum F follicle
Ft Fallopian tube H helicine artery L broad ligament M medulla
 PRIMORDIAL FOLLICLES, consist of:
PRIMARY OOCYTES
GRANULOSA CELLS  squamous
 GROWING FOLLICLE 
SECONDARY OOCYTE
FOLLICLE DE GRAAF
 ATRETIC FOLLICLES

 CORPUS LUTEUM 
CORPUS RUBRUM,
CORPUS ALBICANS
MEDULLA OVARIUM, is
HIGHLY VASCULAR and
contains HILUS CELLS, which are
morphologically very similar to Leydig
cells of the testis
GROWING FOLLICLE FOLLICLE DE GRAAF
 devided anatomically into :
the INFUNDIBULUM
the AMPULLA
the ISTHMUS
INTRAMURAL PART
 is devided into:
FUNDUS
CORPUS
with the inside is the CAVUM UTERI
CERVIX
The STRATUM BASALIS, the deepest or basal layer,
adjacent to the myometrium, undergoes little change
during the menstrual cycle and is not shed during
menstruation
The STRATUM SPONGIOSUM, the broad intermediate
layer is characterised by a stroma with a spongy
appearance
The STRATUM COMPACTUM, the thinner superficial
layer, which has a compact stromal appearance
The compact and spongy layers exhibit dramatic changes
throughout the cycle and both are shed during
menstruation; hence they are jointly referred to as the
STRATUM FUNCTIONALIS
1 – Endometrium
2 – Myometrium
3 - Stratum basale
5
4 - Stratum
spongiosum
6 starti
1 6
functionalis
5 - Stratum
4
compactum
strati
functionalis
6 - Glandulae
uterinae
3

2
PROCEEDS THROUGH THREE DISTINCT PHASES:
 MENSTRUATION
 PROLIFERATION
 SECRETION

THESE CHANGES INVOLVE BOTH THE


EPITHELIUM AND SUPPORTING STROMA
The ENDOCERVICAL CANAL
EC is lined by a SINGLE LAYER
of TALL COLUMNAR
MUCUS-SECRETING EPITHELIAL
CELLS.

The ECTOCERVIX
Where the cervix is exposed to
the more hostile environment
of the vagina V,
it is lined by THICK STRATIFIED
SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM
as in the vagina and the vulva.
HAS 3 LAYERS:
 MUCOUS MEMBRANE
WITH HIGHLY ELASTIC LAMINA PROPRIA
HAS RICH PLEXUS OF SMALL VEINS
 MUSCULARIS
 OUTER ADVENTITIAL LAYER
consist of:
 BULBUS VESTIBULI,
composed of ERECTILE tissue surround
with densed fibrous layer
 CRURA CLITORIS,
composed of ERECTILE tissue surround
with loose fibrous layer
wrapped with thin skin rich of
sensory nerve endings
 GLANS CLITORIS
covers with STRATIFIED EPITHELLIUM
with ERECTILE tissue inside, filled with blood
 has smooth inner skin with few HAIRS
many HAIR FOLLICLES
SEBACEA GLANDS and
SWEAT GLANDS
covers with STRATIFIED EPITHELIUM
with a lots of ADIPOSE TISSUE
and few SMOOTH MUSCLE FIBRES
 covers with SMOOTH SKIN
rich of SEBACEAL GLANDS
 consist of LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUES
rich of BLOOD VESSELS
 covers with STRATIFIED EPITHELIUM
lies on very VASCULAR
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
 1 PAIR
 TUBULO-ALVEOLAR
 MUCOUS SECRETING for lubricant
Basic Histology, Text and Atlas,
L.C.Junqueira and J.Carnairo, 11 th
Ed. MacGraw-Hill’s Acces Medicine

Wheater’s, Functional Histology, A Text


And Colour Atlas by Young, Lowe,
Stevens, Heath. 2005. Churchill
Livingstone, Elsevier