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k'?

iff]Qd uf}td
k|aGw lgb]{zs
vu]Gb|kb\df 6]«lgª P08
sfpG;]lnª ;]G6/
;Dks{ M (*%!))&#$)

Od]n M purushottam.gautam@gmail.com

k]m;a's M
k|j]z ( jif{sf ljBfyL{ x'g\ . pgL sIffdf
v]Nbf, vfFbf s'g} klg a]nf r'k nfu]/ a:g
;Sb}gg\ . pgsf] kl/jf/sf cg';f/ 3/df klg
pgL zfGt;Fu a:g ;Sb}gg\ . pgL s]xL gu/L
a:b} a:b}gg\ . pgnfO{ sfd lauf/]sf]df ,
s'g} klg lrGtf klg 5}g / s'g} jf:tf klg
5}g . pgL s'g} klg sfd Ps rf}yfO eGbf a9L
(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-
ADHD)

!= afnaflnsfx? cTolws rsrs


ug]{
@= zfGt;Fu Psl5g klg a:g
!= cTolws rsrs ug]{
@= s'g} klg s'/fdf Wofg
s]lGb|t ug{ sl7g x'g]
of] nIf0f ;"rLaf6 afnaflnsfx?df ;d:of
5 5}g eg]/ yfxf kfpg d2t ldNb5 .
Jojxf/ cjnf]sg ug]{ lzIfsn]
afnaflnsfsf] Jojxf/ slDtdf klg ljut ^
qm= nIf0fx? 5 5}g
;+=
!= x/]s 7fpFdf Psl5g klg zfGt eP/ a:g
g;Sg]
@= sIffdf grflxFbf] xNnf ug]{ c?nfO{
b'Mv lbg]
#= cw}o{ jf rGrn Jojxf/ b]vfO/xg]

$= a9L af]Ng] jf wfs nufpg]


%= cfkm}Fn] ;'? u/]sf] s'g} klg sfd
l;Wofpg g;Sg]
^= s'g} klg s'/f ;f]Wg' eGbf klxn] g}
qm= nIf0fx? 5 5}g
;+=
&= kfnf] kv{g g;Sg]
*= s'g} g s'g} a:t' grnfOsg a:g} g;Sg]
(= c?nfO{ b'Mv lbg]
!)= ;fgf] cj/f]wn] klg Wofg csf]{lt/
df]l8g] jf ul//x]sf] s'/f klg la;{g]
!!= cg'Q/bfoL Jojxf/ b]vfpg]
!@= PSsf;L cfj]udf cfpg]
qm= nIf0fx? 5 5}g
;+=
!#= b]vfj6L jf hf]s/ em}F Jojxf/ ug]{
!$= lrRofP/ ?g]
!%= cg'zf;gsf lgodx? Kfngf u/fpg sl7g
x'g]
!^= k9fO sdhf]/ x'Fb} hfg]
!= of] ;d:of s]6Lx?df eGbf s]6fx?df a9L
b]lvg] ub{5 .
@= of] ;d:of # jif{sf] ;do eGbf cl3af6
g} klg ;'? x'g ;S5
#= t/ ljBfno k|j]z gubf{;Dd /fd|f];Fu
yfxf kfpg ;lsFb}g .
clxn];Dd oxL sf/0fn] dfq of] ;d:of x'G5 eg]/
rflxF yfxfkfpg ;lsPsf] 5}g t/ klg cToflws
r~rn]kgfsf] ;d:ofdf lgDg kIfx?nfO{ lhDd]jf/
7flgG5 M
 j++zf0f'ut u'0f
 ld;fj6o'Qm vfg] s'/f, ahf/df tof/ ul/Psf
vfg]s'/fx?
 lzzfhGo k|b"if0f
 kl/kSjtf k|flKtdf l9nfO
 :gfo' hGo /;fog k|lqmofdf cfpg] u8a8L
(Thomas & Chess 1977)

 aflx/sf] jftfj/0faf6 ;lhn} k|efljt

x'g] :jefj

 c?nfO{ cfk"mtkm{ cfsif{0f ug{ rfxg]


 afnaflnsfsf] Jojxf/, cfjZostf Vofn

gug]{ jf j]jf:tf ug]{ kfl/jfl/s

jftfj/0f tyf cleefjs

 ;fgf] pd]/df afa'cfdfaf6 5'l6\6g'

kbf{, ;fgf] pd]/df g} gft]bf/ tyf


dfly laleGg sf/0fx? atfOP klg cToflws rsrs ug]{ tyf
Wofg lbg g;Sg] ;d:of s'g} Pp6f dfq} sf/0fn] eGbf klg
PseGbf a9L sf/0fx?sf] ;+o'Qm c;/af6 lasl;t x'g] ub{5
.
!= cToflws r~rn]kgfsf] ;d:of ePsf afnaflnsfx?df
ljWj+;fTds afgL,
@= z}lIfs c;kmntf,
#= cfrf/0fhGo ;d:of,
$= u}/;fdflhs JolQmTjsf] ljsf;,
^= ;fy} logLx?df b'3{6gfsf] clws ;Defjgf

klg x'G5 .

&= s]xL afnaflnsfx? lszf]/fj:yf / jo:s

cj:yfdf klg o:tf} ;d:ofaf6 kLl8t eO/xg

;Sg] ;Defjgf x'G5 .


of] ;d:ofnfO{ sd ug{ lzIfs, cleefjs tyf ljBfyL{
tLg}j6f kIfsf] ;+o'Qm k|of; h?/L x'G5 .
sIffsf]7fsf lqmofsnfkx? dfkm{t k'¥ofpg ;lsg] ;xof]u
 7"nf] ;d"xdf eGbf ;fgf] ;d"xdf v]Ng]
jftfj/0f ldnfOlbg] tyf 5f]6f5f]6f
v]nsf] Joj:yf ul/lbg' /fd|f] x'G5 .
 5f]6f 5f]6f tyf ck|lt:kwf{Tds v]n
v]nfpg' /fd|f] x'G5 .
 o:tf afnaflnsf c? ;fyLx?eGbf cfk"m
sIffsf]7fsf lqmofsnfkx? dfkm{t k'¥ofpg ;lsg] ;xof]u
 sIffdf c?sf] cufl8 slxNo} nlHht agfpg],
xKsfpg] ug'{x'Fb}g, pgLx?n] uNtL
u/]sf] s'/f yfxf kfpg] ;f+s]lts cEof; u/fO{
;r]t /xg d2t ug'{ kb{5 . 7"nf]
 o:tf] ;d:of ePsf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ pgLx?sf]
cfˆgf] ;d:ofnfO{ a'em\g /
To;}cg'?k Jojxf/df kl/jt{g Nofpg clek|]l/t
xf]pg\ eGg] p2]Zon] leQfdf
sIffsf]7fsf lqmofsnfkx? dfkm{t k'¥ofpg ;lsg] ;xof]u

 lgod /fd|f];Fu a'emfpg'kb{5, :ki6


lgb]{zg lbg'kb{5, lnlvt / 5f]6f]
lgb]{zg /fd|f] x'G5, km/s km/s lgb]{zgnfO{
km/s km/s /ªsf] k|of]u ug'{ cem /fd|f]
dflgG5 .
 ;fgf] cfjfhn] klg pgLx?sf] Wofg
 k|z:t rf6{;, ;"rL tyf tl:j/x?sf]

k|of]u ug'{ /fd|f] x'G5 .

 c? afnaflnsfx?;/x k"0f{ / clwstd

kl/0ffdsf] ck]Iff ug'{x'Fb}g .


 p;n] uNtL u/] klg p;sf] pQ/df k'g{ljrf/ ug]{

cj;/ lbg'kb{5 u[xsfo{

lbFbf 5f]6f / klxn] g} kl/lrt u[xsfo{x?sf]

dfqf b'OltxfO x'g'kb{5 .

 sIffsf]7fsf l;sfO lqmofsnfkx?df ljljwtf

Nofpg] k|of; ug'{ kb{5 h:t} M


 sIffsf]7fdf lbgel/sf] ?l6g tyf lgod 7"nf]
cIf/df :ki6;Fu
b]lvg] u/L 6fFl;lbg' kb{5 .
 zf/Ll/s cEof;x? , lrq sf]g]{ tyf /ª eg]{
cEof;x? klg pkof]uL dflgG5g\.
 ;d"xdf rqmLo a;fO tyf ;d"x ;xeflutfTds
l;sfO jftfj/0f pkof]uL
dflgG5 .
o:tf afnaflnsfx?nfO{ ul/g] JolQmut
dgf]d/fdz{n] pgLx?sf] rsrs ug]{ afgL tyf w}o{ ug]{
afgLdf ;'wf/ Nofpg d2t ub{5 . JolQmut dgf];fdflhs
;xof]udf pgLx?nfO{ :s'nsf] lgod tyf ;fdflhs lgodx?
yfxfkfpg tyf kfngf ug{, c?sf] efjgf a'em\g, zfGt;Fu
a:g] tyf /fd|f] afgL Jojxf/sf] ljsf;df ;xof]u k'Ub5
.
 ;'? ;'?df dgf]k/fdzL{ ljBfyL{;Fu glhs x'g]
vfnsf lqmofsnfkx?
ug'{ kb{5 , h:t} M dgkg]{ v]n v]Ng], 5f]6f
5f]6f syf eGg], laleGg
efjgfTds lrqx?sf] af/]df 5nkmn ug]{
==========cflb .
 ;ª\uLtsf] dfWodaf6 zfGt;Fu a:g] cEof;
 o:tf afnaflnsfx?;Fu Memory Cards tyf Numbers Fun h:tf
v]n v]Ng'sf]
;fy} lrq agfpg] tyf ;sf/fTds Pj+ gsf/fTds Jojxf/sf]
e"ldsf lgjf{x klg
u/fpg ;lsG5 .
 la:tf/} af]Ng] / af]Ng' eGbf cl3 jf pQ/ lbg' eGbf
cl3 s]xL ;do /f]lsP/ pQ/
eGg cEo:t u/fpg ;lsG5 .
 lj]z]if u/L ljBfnosf] cleefjsx?nfO{ of]
s;tf] vfnsf] ;d:of xf]< s] sf/0faf6 x'G5 eGg]
a'emfpg' cfjZos x'G5 .

 o:tf] vfnsf] ;d:of g t afnaflnsfx?n] rfx]/


g} u/sf] xf] g t cleefjsx?sf] unt Joj:yfkgsf]
sf/0faf6 g} l;lh{t ;d:of xf] o;df s;}sf] klg bf]if
5}g eGg] s'/fdf pgLx?nfO{ 9'Ss agfpg' kb{5 .
 of] dl:tissf] kl/kSjtfdf b]vfkg]{
l9nfO ePsf] x'Fbf pd]/cg';f/sf] Jojxf/
k"0f{?kdf ck]Iff gug'{ /fd|f] x'G5 / gd"gf
Jojxf/af6 cfk"mn] rfx] cg';f/sf] afgL
Jojxf/sf] ljsf;df cEof; u/fpg' /fd|f] x'G5 .

 pgLx?n] u/]sf ;fgf] ;fgf] /fd|f]


 3/kl/jf/sf ;a} ;b:ox?sf] pgLx?;Fu
ug]{ Jojxf/df Ps?ktf x'g'kb{5 .

 pgLx? s'g s'/fdf /fd|f 5g\, pgLx?sf]


Ifdtf s] 5 kQf nufP/ pgLx?sf] To:tf
Ifdtfx?sf] ljsf;df ;xof]u k'Ug] vfnsf
cg's"n jftfj/0f lgdf{0fdf Wofg lbg'kb{5 .
 laxfg p7]b]lv a]n'sf g;'t'Gh]n;Ddsf
x/]s lqmofsnfkx? h:t} M p7\g], ;kmf ug]{,
laxfgsf] vfhf vfgf vfg], a]n'sfsf] vfgf vfg],
u[xsfo{ ug]{, v]Ng] tyf a]n'sf ;'Tg]
a]nf;Ddsf x/]s lqmofsnfkx?nfO{ lglZrt 7fpF /
;dosf] ;d]tsf] lglZrt ?l6gsf] Joj:yf ul/lbg'
/fd|f] x'G5 .
 uNtLsf] kl/0ffdsf] af/]df

a'emfOlbg'sf] ;fy} pgLx?af6 s:tf]

Jojxf/sf] ck]Iff ul/Psf] xf] ;f] s'/f ;d]t

elglbg' cfjZos x'G5 .

 c?sf] cufl8 slxNo} nlHht agfpg],


 x/]s lbg laxfg a]n'sf nfdf] Zjf; km]g]{
tyf zfGt;Fu a:g] cEof; ;Fu}
cfp6 8f]/ v]n v]Ng] cEof; u/fpg' /fd|f]
dflgG5 .

 olb cleefjsx?n] cg's"n jftfj/0fsf] l;h{gf


ub{} afnaflnsfx?sf]
;fgf] ;fgf] /fd|f] sfdnfO{ klg k|z+;f ub}{
olb afnaflnsfx?df w]/} g} rGrntf 5 clg
ljBfno tyf 3/ kl/jf/sf]
k|of;af6 klg ;DxfNg ufx|f] ePdf yk
pkrf/sf nflu dgf]lrlsT;s tyf
dgf]ljb\sxfF k7fpg' kb{5 .