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Chemical Equilibrium

1. A 1.00 mol sample of NOCl was placed in a 2.00 L reactor and


heated to 227°C until the system reached equilibrium. The contents of
the reactor were then analyzed and found to contain 0.056 mol of Cl2.
Calculate K at this temperature.
The equation for the decomposition of NOCl to NO and Cl2 is as
follows:
2NOCl(g) ⇌ 2NO(g) + Cl2(g)
2. The chemical equation for the reaction of hydrogen with ethylene (C2H4) to
give ethane (C2H6) is as follows:
H2(g)+C2H4(g)⇌NiC2H6(g)H2(g)+C2H4(g)⇌NiC2H6(g)
K = 9.6 × 1018 at 25°C. If a mixture of 0.200 M H2 and 0.155 M C2H4 is
maintained at 25°C in the presence of a powdered nickel catalyst, what is the
equilibrium concentration of each substance in the mixture?

3. Given the equilibrium system N2O4(g) ⇌ 2 NO2(g), what happens to Kp if


the initial pressure of N2O4 is doubled? If Kp is 1.7 × 10−1 at 2300°C, and the
system initially contains 100% N2O4 at a pressure of 2.6 × 102 atm, what is
the equilibrium pressure of each component?
4. At 430°C, 4.20 mol of HI in a 9.60 L reaction vessel reaches equilibrium
according to the following equation: H2(g) + I2(g) ⇌2HI(g) At equilibrium,
[H2] = 0.047 M and [HI] = 0.345 M. What are Kand Kp for this reaction?
5. Starting with pure A, if the total equilibrium pressure is 0.969 atm for the reaction
A(s ⇌ 2 B(g) + C(g), what is Kp?

6. The decomposition of ammonium carbamate to NH3 and CO2 at 40°C is written


as NH4CO2NH2(s) ⇌ 2NH3(g) + CO2 If the partial pressure of NH3 at equilibrium is 0.242
atm, what is the equilibrium partial pressure of CO2? What is the total gas pressure of
the system? What is Kp?

7. At 375 K, Kp for the reaction SO2Cl2(g) ⇌ SO2(g) + Cl2g) is 2.4, with pressures
expressed in atmospheres. At 303 K, Kp is 2.9 × 10−2.

8. What is K for the reaction at each temperature?


If a sample at 375 K has 0.100 M Cl2 and 0.200 M SO2 at equilibrium, what is the
concentration of SO2Cl2?
If the sample given in part b is cooled to 303 K, what is the pressure inside the bulb?
9. 2NH3(g) → N2(g) + 3H2(g) At 500 K, the following concentrations were
measured:
[N2] = 3.0 x 10-2 M, [H2] = 3.7 x 10-2 M, [NH3] = 1.6 x 10-2 M.
What is Kc?

10. At 1000 K, the equilibrium partial pressures for the reaction below are: CH4
= 0.20 atm, H2S = 0.25 atm, CS2 = 0.52 atm, and H2 = 0.10 atm.
What is Kp?
CH4(g) + 2H2S(g) → CS2(g) + 4H2(g)

11. N2(g) + 3H2(g) → 2 NH3(g) At 375 °C, Kc = 2.79x10-5


a) What is Kp? Kp = Kc(RT)∆n where R = 0.08206 L.atm/ K.mol
b) What is PNH3
12. Given the equations: H2(g) + S(s) →H2S(g) Kc = 1.0x10-3
S(s) + O2(g) → SO2(g) Kc = 5.0x106
Calculate the value of Kc for H2(g) + SO2(g) → H2S(g) + O2(g)