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Low Volume ESP Application

Chevron Permian Basin


October 2005 to October 2006

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Reason Applications Were Chosen

 Repeat rod failures


 Progressing cavity pump costs and daily monitoring
 Progressing cavity pump could not be chemically
treated
 Low profile required to avoid agricultural watering
systems
 Production range from 40 – 480 BFPD

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Design Of Applications

 Motor temperature targeted below 250oF due to scaling


and chemical limitations
– Motor de-rate
– Recirculation pump
– Motor shroud

 #2 cable for reliable motor starting with low


horsepower / low voltage motors

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Application Confidence

 Concerns:
– Pump wear
• Low Flow Causing Downthrust
– Motor temperature
• Conductive Cooling Lessened by Low Flow Past Motor

 Resolutions:
– Analyzed thrust curves - maximum possible downthrust is
negligible
– Motor de-rate, recirculation pump, or motor shroud used to aid
cooling

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Flow Rate and Depth Range Application Count
Chevron Permian Low Volume ESP Application - October 2005 to October 2006

8,001
to 3 1
10,000

6,001
to 4 1
Pump Set Depth [FT]

8,000

5,001
to 1
6,000

4,001
to 5 3 1 3 4 3
5,000

2,500
to 1
4,000

30 to 60 61 to 100 101 to 120 121 to 150 151 to 250 251 to 500


Flow Rate [BFPD]
Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.
Case Studies

 Deloache 11
– 59 BFPD
– 372 run days (As Of 10/10/2006)
– Prior issues:
• Progressing cavity pump high failure rate
• Progressing cavity pump needs daily fluid shots to prevent pump-
off
• Chemical treatment difficult with PC pump due to stator elastomer
break down
• Cost comparison of low volume ESP vs. strap-jacks

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Case Studies

 Wharton Jr 10
– 41 BFPD
– 357 Run Days (As Of 10/10/2006)
– Prior Issues:
• Low profile required for crop watering
• ESP over sizing
• Scale plugged pumps

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Problems Found

 Minimal clearance between impeller and diffuser


susceptible to scaling
– Solution: Reviewed chemical treatment
program
 Increased pump horsepower requirement due to thrust
washer material
– Solution: Modified material selection for
increased durability

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Root Cause Of Pull
Chevron Permian Low Volume ESP Application - October 2005 to October 2006

180 4
166

160
154

3 139
140 3
3

120
Average Run Time [Days]

111
109

Number of Pulls
100 94
2
77
80

60
1 1 1 1 1 1
1
40
40

20

0 0
Scale Plugged Operating Cable Defect Improper Drive Electrical Damaged Work Over
Temperature Setup Supply Recirc Tube

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Average Run Time Number of Pulls
Run Stage Set Depth Production
Well Name Install Date Days Count [FT] [BFPD]
AB COATES C22 4/8/2006 186 408 6,091 488
AB WHARTON JR A-10 10/19/2005 357 210 4,727 52
Current Low AB WHARTON JR A-14
AB WHARTON JR JOA 13
10/11/2005
10/17/2005
365
359
240
228
4,727
4,792
128
156

Volume ESP AN STATE 5


CDU 152
CRIER MCELROY 439
6/14/2006
2/13/2006
4/7/2006
119
240
187
412
273
129
8,794
6,417
2,699
238
205
436

Installations CVU 75
CVU 280
CVU 286
1/24/2006
4/26/2006
2/17/2006
260
168
236
242
204
204
4,679
4,314
4,288
259
391
162
(As Of 10/10/2006) DELOACHE 11 10/4/2005 372 210 4,708 59
DELOACHE 12 9/1/2006 40 202 4,614 55
DELOACHE 25 1/28/2006 256 198 4,648 128
DELOACHE 26 1/25/2006 259 198 4,674 39
DELOACHE 35 9/7/2005 399 204 4,649 155
DELOACHE 60 9/10/2005 396 210 4,666 76
DELOACHE 86 2/2/2006 251 186 4,621 100
FRISTO B2-18 6/1/2006 132 412 9,274 207
INVESTORS ROYALTY 36 2/23/2006 230 315 7,715 151
MED NCT 2 128 11/18/2005 327 204 4,614 34
MED NCT 2 164 3/2/2006 223 223 4,726 148
MEDARBY 27 9/7/2006 34 242 4,646 353
MONUMENT STATE 15 7/19/2006 84 296 7,255 161
NLU 502 7/19/2006 84 204 4,669 111
NLU 601 9/16/2005 390 216 4,744 185

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Pulled Low Volume ESPs

Run Stage Failed Failed Set Depth Production


Well Name Install Date Pull Date Days Count PIT Pull Reason Component Root Cause [FT] [BFPD]
LOW / NO Damaged
CVU 175 1/27/2006 5/1/2006 94 257 Yes Pump 4,751 79
PRODUCTION Recirc Tube
HIGH AMPS / NO
DELOACHE 12 12/31/2005 5/24/2006 144 203 Yes Pump Scale 4,614 55
START
LOW / NO
DELOACHE 12 5/26/2006 8/30/2006 96 202 Yes Pump Scale 4,614 55
PRODUCTION
LOW / NO
DELOACHE 26 1/7/2006 1/24/2006 17 198 Yes Pump Plugged 4,674 39
PRODUCTION
GROUNDED Electrical
FRISTO B2-18 2/10/2006 5/30/2006 109 390 Yes Motor 9,274 207
DOWNHOLE Supply
GROUNDED Operating
INVESTORS ROYALTY 45 11/17/2005 5/2/2006 166 343 Yes MLE 7,686 214
DOWNHOLE Temperature
GROUNDED Improper Drive
INVESTORS ROYALTY 45 5/4/2006 9/20/2006 139 Yes Motor 7,686 214
350 DOWNHOLE Setup
LOW / NO
MONUMENT STATE 15 1/20/2006 7/17/2006 178 296 Yes Pump Plugged 7,255 161
PRODUCTION
GROUNDED
NLU 502 2/14/2006 7/18/2006 154 204 No Cable Cable Defect 4,669 111
DOWNHOLE
CONVERT TO OTHER
NM STATE AB-9 3/30/2006 5/9/2006 40 409 No None Work Over 8,357 203
LIFT METHOD
LOW / NO
STATE AN 1 7/12/2006 8/18/2006 37 353 Yes Pump Plugged 8,444 130
PRODUCTION
LOW / NO
STATE AN 1 4/4/2006 7/7/2006 94 353 Yes Pump Scale 8,444 130
PRODUCTION

VGWU 55 9/11/2006 9/26/2006 15 279 No WELL TEST ENDED None None 5,752 180

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.


Number of Systems and Average Runtimes
Chevron Permian Low Volume ESP Application - October 2005 to October 2006

30 9

8
25
7

Average Runtime [Months]


20 6
Number of Systems

5
15
4

10 3

2
5
1

0 0
Oct-05 Nov-05 Dec-05 Jan-06 Feb-06 Mar-06 Apr-06 May-06 Jun-06 Jul-06 Aug-06 Sep-06 Oct-06

Avg Running Runtime Avg Pulled Runtime Number of Units Running Number of Units Pulled

Copyright 2006 Baker Hughes, Inc. All rights reserved.