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SEMINAR

PRESENTATION
On
“SOLAR TREE”

SUBMITTED TO:- PRESENTED BY:-


Mr. Ankush Tondon Devesh Yadav
1
4th Year
(8thsem)
15ESKEE028
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INDEX
 Introduction.
 History.
 What is SOLAR TREE?.
 Components of Solar Tree
 Why we called it as solar tree
 Block Diagram.
 How Solar panel works
 Specifications
 Need of Solar Tree
 Why it is better than traditional system
 Solar Tree in India
 Application.
 Advantages.
 Disadvantages.
 Future of Solar Tree
 Conclusion 3
 References.
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INTRODUCTION
 solar energy is the best option.
 Solar tree sounds like the perfect solution
for our future energy needs.
 A solar tree is an artificial tree with
photo-voltaic cells arranged
in Fibonacciseries manner.
 Uses multiple no. of solar panels which
forms the shape of a tree.
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HISTORY
1. In 1800 solar energy
plants developed .
2. In 1839 Alexandre
Edmond discovered
the photo voltalic
effect.
3. In 1941 Russell ohl
invented solar cell .
4. Solar Tree Foundation
which began in 2008
by Rein Triefeldt
5. In 2012 Ross 5
Lovegrove designed
the solar tree.
WHAT IS SOLAR TREE ?

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WHAT IS SOLAR TREE
A solar tree is a decorative means of producing solar energy
and also electricity. It uses multiple no. of solar panels which
forms the shape of a tree. The panels are arranged in a tree
fashion in a tall tower/pole.

TREE stands for


T= TREE GENERATING
R=RENEWABLE
E=ENERGY and
E=ELECTRICITY
This is like a tree in structure and the panels are like leaves of
the tree which produces energy.
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COMPONENTS OF SOLAR TREE
The solar tree consists of mainly five parts to design.

 Solar panels

 Long tower

 LEDs

 Batteries

 Stems for connecting the panels

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WHY WE CALLED IT AS SOLAR TREE
 Tree can produce their own food material by the process
called PHOTOSYNTHESIS.
 Leaves are producing food materials for human beings.
 Likewise in solar tree solar plates are producing energy
for the society.

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BLOCK DIAGRAM

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HOW SOLAR PANELS WORK?

Photovoltaic cell converts sunlight


into electric energy and this effect is
known as photovoltaic effect.

Solar cells essentially create


electricity by converting photons of
light into electrons.

Solar cell producing direct current,


or DC, this DC current is converted to
alternating current, or AC by using
inverter.
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ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR PANEL

 Ecologically Friendly

 Decreased Electrical Bill

 Low Maintenance

 Efficiency

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SPECIFICATIONS

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V-I CHARACTERSTIC

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V-I CHARACTERSTIC
 The power delivered by a solar cell is the product of
current and voltage ( I x V ). If the multiplication is
done, point for point, for all voltages from short-circuit
to open-circuit conditions,
 The power curve above is obtained for a given
radiation level.
 With the solar cell open-circuited, that is not connected
to any load, the current will be at its minimum (zero)
and the voltage across the cell is at its maximum,
known as the solar cells open circuit voltage, or Voc.
 At the other extreme, when the solar cell is short
circuited, that is the positive and negative leads
connected together, the voltage across the cell is at its
minimum (zero) but the current flowing out of the cell
reaches its maximum, known as the solar cells short
circuit current, or Is 15
NEED OF SOLAR TREE

 Due to less land requirement


It require less land as compare to traditional PV system. So we
require such a plant which can generate max. energy
using minimum land.
 Efficient energy generation

It can generate energy very efficiently as compare to


traditional system.
 It can collect energy from wind

The stem are flexible so that they can rotate in any


direction and by shaking themselves they produce
energy also from wind as in the case of a natural tree.
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WHY IT IS BETTER THAN A
TRADITIONAL SYSTEM

 For the traditional system we


require large size of land
Example –To generate 2 MW
power from a pv module we
requires 10 -12 acres of land
Traditional solar
for housing of panels only. system
 For the same amount of energy
we require only 0.10-0.12
acres of land in case of solar
tree.
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Solar tree
SOLAR TREE IN INDIA

 India being a developing country and highly populated requires


a power plant where maximum energy can be generated by
using minimum land.

 We must try to produce energy from sun by using solar tree in


our country to increase our per capita land and fulfil the
growing energy demand.
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 The Salient Features of the Solar
Power Tree are:
• It takes only 4 square feet of land for
a 5 KW Solar Power tree, whereas in a
conventional layout, it requires 400
square feet of land.
• By holding the photovoltaic panels at
a higher height, on an average it gets
more sunrays for one hour in a day. As
a result, it is possible to harness 10-
15% more power in comparison to a
conventional layout on ground.
• It has a battery back-up of 2 hours on
full load, hence giving light even after
sunset.
• It is facilitated with water sprinkler
at the top for self-cleaning of panels,
that increases the efficiency of the
solar panels.
• The estimated cost of the device is
around Rs. 5 Lakh for a 5 KW
specification.
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APPLICATION
 Street light
 House supply

 Industrial power supply

 Mobile charger

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ADVANTAGES

 No air pollution

 We wouldn’t have to worry as much about future


energy sources

 People in poor country would have access to


electricity

 People can save money

 Land requirement is very less


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DISADVANTAGES
As we know nothing is perfect in the world, so is Solar
tree.
Here are some of its disadvantages

 Cost is high
 May cause hazards to the birds and insects

 Hazards to eyesight from solar reflectors

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FUTURE OF SOLAR TREE

Getting electrical power instantly

We can charge our electrical vehicles and also


enrich the environment with eco-friendly solar
trees.

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CONCLUSION

 To fulfils the increasing energy demand the people.


 Saving of land, this project is very successful one.

 This can provide electricity without any power cut


problem.

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REFERENCES
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/solar tree
 http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/solar energy

 http://books.google.co.in/books?id=wm6uAIiuCc8
C&
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/renewablesenergies

 http://library.thinkquest.org/

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